Religion Assignment: World View Chart Writing Assignment

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Question Description

Assignment 1: World View Chart Writing Assignment

Due Week 10 and worth 235 points

This assignment uses the information you have gathered for your weekly World View Chart Assignments. Choose one (1) category (origin of all things, nature of god, view of human nature, view of good and evil, etc.) from the chart to focus on for this assignment. Consider how the selected aspect relates to each of the religions covered and to your own social or work experiences.

Write a two to three (2-3) page paper in which you:

  1. Select one (1) category from the completed World View Chart. Provide a rationale for choosing this category.
  2. Describe the selected content and explain the significance of the selected category across the religions studied.
  3. Provide one (1) specific example of how the selected category is manifested in your social environment.
  4. Use at least three (3) quality resources as references for the assignment and document your sources using APA Style for in-text citations and references. Note: Wikipedia and similar Websites do not qualify as quality resources.
  5. Write clearly and coherently using correct grammar, punctuation, spelling, and mechanics.

Your assignment must:

  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

  • Analyze what is meant by religion.
  • Analyze the similarities and differences in the primary beliefs held by major religious traditions and the cultures in which these religions evolved.
  • Describe the varieties of religious experience and practice in a wide range of cultures.
  • Recognize how daily life within various religions and current affairs are influenced by religion.
  • Develop written pieces that demonstrate an analysis of a topic relevant to the course.
  • Use technology and information resources to research issues in religion.
  • Write clearly and concisely about world religions using proper writing mechanics.

Grading for this assignment will be based on answer quality, logic / organization of the paper, and language and writing skills, using the following rubric.


Points: 235

Assignment 1: World View Chart Writing Assignment

Criteria

 

Unacceptable
Below 60% F

Meets Minimum Expectations
60-69% D

 

Fair
70-79% C

 

Proficient
80-89% B

 

Exemplary
90-100% A

1. Select one (1) category from the completed World View Chart. Provide a rationale for choosing this aspect or category.
Weight: 25%

Did not submit or incompletely selected one (1) category from the completed World View Chart and provided a rationale for choosing this category. Covered 0-1 religions.

Insufficiently selected one (1) category from the completed World View Chart and provided a rationale for choosing this category. Covered only 2-3 religions

Partially selected one (1) category from the completed World View Chart and provided a rationale for choosing this category. Covered only 4-6 religions.

Satisfactorily selected one (1) category from the completed World View Chart and provided a rationale for choosing this category. Covered 7-9 religions.

Thoroughly selected one (1) category from the completed World View Chart and provided a rationale for choosing this category.  All Covered all 10 religions.

2. Describe the selected content and explain the significance of the selected category across the religions studied.
Weight: 30%

Did not submit or incompletely described the selected content and explained the significance of the selected category across the religions studied.
Covered 0 -1 religion.

Insufficiently described the selected content and explained the significance of the selected category across the religions studied.
Covered 2-3 religions.

Partially described the selected content and explained the significance of the selected category across the religions studied.
Covered 4-6 religions.

Satisfactorily described the selected content and explained the significance of the selected category across the religions studied.
Covered 7-9 religions.

Thoroughly described the selected content and explained the significance of the selected category across the religions studied.
Covered all 10 religions.

3. Provide one (1) specific example of how the selected category is manifested in the student’s social environment.
Weight: 15%

Did not submit or incompletely provided one (1) specific example of how the selected category was manifested in your social environment.
Covered 0-1 religions.

Insufficiently provided one (1) specific example of how the selected category was manifested in your social environment.
Covered 2-3 religions.

Partially provided one (1) specific example of how the selected category was manifested in your social environment.
Covered 4-6 religions.

Satisfactorily provided one (1) specific example of how the selected category was manifested in your social environment.
Covered 7-9 religions.

Thoroughly provided one (1) specific example of how the selected category was manifested in your social environment.
Covered all 10 religions.

4. Use at least three (3) quality resources as references for the assignment and document your sources using APA Style for in-text citations and references.
Weight: 10%

No references provided; 0 in-text citations

Does not meet the required number of references; all references poor quality choices. Only 1-2 in-text citations.

Does not meet the required number of references; some references poor quality choices. 3-4 in-text citations.

Meets number of required references; all references high quality choices. 5-6 in-text citations.

Exceeds number of required references; all references high quality choices. 7 or more in-text citations.

5. Write clearly and coherently using correct grammar, punctuation, spelling, and mechanics.
Weight: 20%

More than 8 errors present

7-8 errors present

5-6 errors present

3-4 errors present

0-2 errors present


Unformatted Attachment Preview

Religion Origin of All Things Nature of God View of Human Nature View of Good and Evil View of “Salvation” View of After Life Practices and Rituals Celebrations and Festivals Week 2 Hinduism and Jainism Hindu mythology gives several processes of creation of the universe: Creation originated from a cosmic egg, or cosmic man, or Creation of the universe originated in a dream of Brahma, the creator god etc. Jainism believes that universe and all its substances or entities are eternal. It has no beginning or end with respect to time. Jainism doesn’t believe in god. God of Jain religion is one who destroys all soul Karmas. Hinduism have many gods in many forms and some more important than others. Soul is not created and has its own knowledge and power. Karma: That’s what accounts for why some are richer, prettier or luckier than others and why otherwise similar people are at different spiritual levels. http://www.religion facts.com/jainism/ beliefs.htm Jainism believes in the cycle of life and death and soul liberation and karma. Salvation for a Hindu is called Moksha. Hinduism: believe in reincarnation in which the word itself means entering flesh again. Jainism believe in Karmas, reborn in one of four forms: human beings, Heavenly beings, Tiryancha beings, Infernal beings. Hinduism: Hindu worship many deities like Shiva, Vishnu etc. As a result there are many different prayers for different deities such as Aartis, Shlokhas, and Mantras etc. Hinduism has many rituals, many associated with the life in whole and good for everyone and some reformed with occasions like marriage, birth or death. Jainism has many rituals like the Daily worship of idols: Puja, Vandan Kirtan and Aarati. http://www.fas.harvard.edu /~pluralsm/affiliates/jainis m/workshop/Sutaria%20Ja in%20Rituals.pdf (http://hinduismfacts.org/hi ndu-festivals/) Hinduism: celebrates a lot of festivals. Almost every month. E.g. Gudhipadwa, Makar Sankranti, Mahashivratri, Navratri the phase between seasons. Jainism: celebrates festivals like: Mahavir Jayanti This festival, connected with the great auspicious event of the birth. Diwali Along with Hindus. (http://hinduismfa cts.org/hindufestivals/) (http://www.jainre ligion.in/Festivals/ jainfestivals.html) http://1stholis tic.com/praye r/hindu/hol_hi ndu-creationof-theuniverse.htm http://www.qcc.cuny.ed u/socialsciences/ppecor ino/phil_of_religion_text /CHAPTER_2_RELIGI ONS/Jainism.htm http://www.umi ch.edu/~umjain s/jainismsimplifi ed/chapter04.ht ml Week 3 Buddhism Unknowable, universe is one of many universes that follow or comes in existing after the destruction of the previous world. http://people. opposingview s.com/buddhi st-beliefbeginning3365.html Believe there is no God, the god-idea is a response to fear http://www. buddhanet. net/elearning/qa nda03.htm Human nature is to be conscious and to desire. law of karma, kusala and akusala Self-Enlightenment, reaching Nirvana and becoming a Buddha. http://www.evangelical. us/buddhism.html Nirvana, Rebirth, karma. http://www.bud dhanet.net/elearning/dharm adata/fdd47.ht m Meditation, mantras, mudras, prayer wheels, and pilgrimages. http://buddhists.org/buddhi st-symbols/buddhistrituals-from-mantras-tomudras/ Buddhist community celebrates the birthdays of Bodhisattvas in the Mahayana tradition and certain dates within Buddhist calendar. most significant is Buddha Day. http://www.urban dharma.org/udha rma3/holidays.ht ml Week 4 Daoism and Confuciani sm Tao produces all things and all things go back to their common origin and blend into one. http://www.ur antiabook.org /archive/read ers/taoismintroduction.h tm There is no supreme being, there is a Tao and a Way. TAOISM: Humans have no soul. Human beings have a free will; they can learn to live in harmony with the Tao. Ying yang Taoism is not a salvific practice. Nothing to be saved from. Transforms from yang to yi n, or from being to non-being. chiao (jiao) is an important Taoist ritual for cosmic revival. Worship includes praying to deities, purification, meditation on talismans, and making offerings to deities. Confucianism: Li: includes ritual, propriety, etiquette. Hsiao: love within the family. Yi: righteousness. http://confucianism.freehos tingguru.com/ Taoist Festival. Lunar Date. Taoist Cere mony. Birthday of Jade Emperor. 9th of the first month. Grand Ceremony for Blessings. Lantern Festival. http://www.china. org.cn/english/da odejingforum/207 902.htm Confucianism : Birthday of Confucius, which is September 28 Week 5 Shinto The Children of Kami. Shinto regards that the land, its nature, and all creatures including humans are children of Kami. The ancient Japanese considered that all things of this world have their own spirituality, as they were born from the divine couple. http://www.ar cworld.org/fai ths.asp?page ID=74 The Concept of Kami. In Shinto, there is no faith in the concept of the absolute one god who is the creator of both nature and human beings. http://jinja.j p/english/s4c.html Shinto holds a generally positive view of human nature. All of humanity is regarded as Kami's child. Therefore it’s sacred. http://www. slideshare. net/achiem andac/shint oism2107986 The spirit is neutral. Nigimitama,aramit ama Shinto believes that human beings are, literally, children of the kami, and therefore not fundamentally evil, with the exception of someone who can only think or act selfishly. http://eos.kokugak uin.ac.jp/modules/ xwords/entry.php? entryID=1445 Kuni-hito. Salvation, for the Japanese, means the Salvation of the whole nation instead of salvation of a few individuals. Salvation is achieved by observing the many social and physical taboos of Japanese tradition. http://www.judeministrie s.org/details.php?tableI D=538&studyID=14 http://www.dlshq.org/rel igions/shintoism.htm Shinto provides the Japanese creation myth but no afterlife. Death is the end. http://cla.calpol y.edu/~bmori/s yll/Hum310japa n/Shinto.html Omairi, then, means venerable participation, and this is done best by visiting Shinto shrines. Kagura is the ancient Shinto ritual dance that has been practiced for centuries. Harai, Misogi Harai. http://personal.stthomas.e du/smsletten/yasukuni/shi ntoism/shintoismworld.htm l Nen-chu-gyo-ji, "year-rounddiscipline-rituals," refers to the events of the Shinto year. Oshogatsu - New Year, Seijin-no-hi is coming of age day, Setsubunno-hi is celebrated by the Setsubun festival. http://www.tsubak ishrine.org/kamin omichi/Kami_no_ Michi_Appendix_ B.html zoroastria nism Zoroastrianis m views the world as having been created by Ahura Mazda and as meant to evolve to perfection according to the law or plan of Asha, the divine order of things. Duality exists as part of manifestation , but human beings also have freewill to choose between the dual opposites. https://www.t heosophical. org/publicatio ns/questmagazine/42publications/q uestmagazine/12 31zoroastrianis m-historybeliefs-andpractices There is one supreme God, also called Ahura Mazda. There are also six lesser immortal beings who work in concert with God. In the view of some, Ahura Mazda is an anthropom orphic God (a God having human form or human attributes/c haracteristi cs). God is just and benevolent. God has revealed himself to human beings in the Avesta (sacred books of Human beings are the creations of God. They have a body and an immortal spirit. Human beings have the power to choose between good and evil. Human beings may have lived in a spiritual existence before mortal life. They must learn to choose between good and evil and to obey and serve God. www.fmh.o rg/.../Zoroa strianism.d. .. There is a god of goodness, Ahura Mazda, also known as the god of light and there is a god of evil, Ahraman, also known as the god of darkness; each has his own welldefined role to play. All activity within the universe results from the collision and interaction of these two combatant gods, who are eternally locked in a grim battle of survival and supremacy. https://www.alisla m.org/library/book s/revelation/part_2 _section_5.html salvation lay in the triumph of the cosmic principle of good over evil, personified in Ahriman. This salvation involved the restoration of all that had been corrupted or injured by Ahriman at the time of his final defeat and destruction. http://cyberspacei.com/j esusi/inlight/religion/do gmas/Salvation.htm According to the Zoroastrian tradition, after the death of the body, the soul remains in this world for three days and nights, in the care of Sraosha, one of the Yazatas or angels. During this period, prayers are said and rituals performed to assure a safe passage of the soul into the spiritual realm. At the Chinvat Bridge, the soul meets a maiden who is the embodiment of all the good words, thoughts, and deeds of its preceding life. https://www.the osophical.org/p ublications/que stmagazine/42publications/qu est- Burial Zoroastrianism places great emphasis on purity and not defiling any of the elements of Ahura Mazda’screation. For that reason, traditionally, neither burial nor cremation were practiced by Zoroastrians. Instead, dead bodies were taken to a Tower of Silence and laid out under the sun, where vultures devoured them. At the present time, there is great controversy about this practice. Fire is the major symbol in Zoroastrianism and has a central role in the most important religious ceremonies. Scriptures:The Zoroastrian scriptures are called the Avesta. https://www.theosophical.o rg/publications/questmagazine/42publications/questmagazine/1231zoroastrianism-historybeliefs-and-practices There are the seven feasts of obligation, that is, No Rōz (Nowrūz) and the six gāhānbārs (gāhāmbār; q.v.). Gahambar which means the festival of season. Khordad Sal is a festival to think back our deeds. Zarthost No Deeso is a festival to worship the death anniversary of the prophet Zarathushtra which falls in the month of June or on Khorshed roz according to the Zoroastrian calendar. Jamshed Navroz. http://www.findyo urfate.com/religio n/festivals/zoroas trianismfestivals. html http://www.iranica online.org/articles /festivals-i Zoroastrian ism). www.fmh.o rg/.../Zoroa strianism.d. .. magazine/1231 zoroastrianismhistory-beliefsand-practices Week 6 Judaism The central idea of Judaism involves a commitment by the Jewish people to a single, omnipotent, incorporeal God, who is the creator and ruler of the universe and the source of a moral law for humanity. http://www.ijs .org.au/Belief s/default.asp x The fact of G-d's existence is accepted almost without question. One of the primary expression s of Jewish faith, recited twice daily in prayer, is the Shema, which begins "Hear, Israel: The Lord is our G-d, The Lord is one. http://www.j ewishvirtua llibrary.org/j source/Jud aism/gd.html A fundament al to Jewish beliefs about human beings is that they are created in the image of God. This does not mean that people look like God, for God is incorporeal . The general rabbinical interpretati on of this concept is that humans have the ability to reason. http://www. religionfact s.com/judai sm/beliefs/ human.htm G-d created both good and evil. In Judaism we do not see it as there being a conflict between good and evil. Man has a choice to do good or bad. http://www.beingje wish.com/faqs/con flict.html salvation is not a Jewish concept, as it implies a focus on the afterlife, which is not significant focus of Judaism. Jews believe that God expects you to do the best you have with what you have. http://www.shamash.or g/lists/scjfaq/HTML/faq/1237.html Olam ha-Ba (afterlife) is rarely discussed in Jewish life. Hibbut-HaKever, pangs of the grave. Gehenna, Gan Eden is viewed as another transitory phase. physical resurrection, after which, the souls will reside in a spitualized state of existence. http://www.nes hamah.net/ima ges/jewishviews-of-theafterlife.pdf Shacharit: Morning Prayers, Mincha: Afternoon Prayers, Ma'ariv (or Arvit): Evening Prayers. Shabbat services begin on Friday evening with the weekday Mincha. The Mitzvot, The 613 Commandments, Keeping Kosher: Jewish Dietary Laws. http://www.religionfacts.co m/judaism/practices.htm Rosh HaShanah Marking the beginning of the Jewish new year, Shabbat The weekly day of rest on Saturday, Yom Kippur Eight days after Rosh Ha-Shana, is the day of atonement, Channukah Beginning on 25 Kislev, Bat Mitzvah celebrates a young person's entry into the adult Jewish community http://www.jewish virtuallibrary.org/j source/Judaism/F estivals_in_Israel .html Week 7 Christianit y Gen1:1 In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. Jn.1:3 Throu gh him all things were made, and without him nothing was made that has been made. Heb.11:3 By faith we understand the universe was made by the word of God, so that what is seen was not made from things which are visible. http://www.ch ristianinconn ect.com/godo rig.htm Christianity believes in a benevolent God who created the universe and all things in it. The genesis of creation was God's overflowing love, and God's plan for creation is rooted in divine goodness. God created humans in order to love them as a parent loves his or her children. http://www .patheos.co m/Library/C hristianity/B eliefs/Suffe ring-andtheProblemofEvil.html#ix zz3JvOy4i Human nature is that which makes us distinctly human. Our nature is distinct from that of the animals and the rest of creation in that we can think and feel. One of the chief distinctions between human beings and the rest of creation is our ability to reason. No other creature has this ability, and there’s no question that this is a unique gift bestowed by God. http://www. gotquestion s.org/huma n- Christians have faith in a good and loving Creator who has a plan for creation that is also good and loving. This tenet of faith has prompted Christians to seek explanations or justifications for suffering. Human suffering takes many forms: emotional, natural, and moral. evil is necessary for human moral and spiritual development and is part of God's purpose. God created humans in a morally and spiritually imperfect state so that they can strive in response to suffering, in order to grow into full fellowship with God. http://www.patheo s.com/Library/Chri stianity/Beliefs/Suf fering-and-theProblem-ofEvil.html#ixzz3Jv QVFm00 Salvation in the Bible appears to teach clearly that most people -- the unsaved -- will go to Hell for eternal punishment after death. A minority will be saved and go to Heaven. Several of salvation passages are baptized, repent of their sins, trust Jesus as their Lord and Savior, do good works, follow church rituals and/or avoid certain specific behaviors. http://www.religioustoler ance.org/sal_over.htm Christians, eternal faith in God and pious behavior during life leads to the soul’s resurrection into Heaven in the afterlife. Their beliefs emphasize forgiveness, repentance, and judgment after death. If people have properly repented their sins to God, their souls will spend eternity in Heaven, but those who have led a sinful life with no penitence may be sent to Hell. http://maa.miss ouri.edu/exhibiti ons/finalfarewel l/afterlifeintro.ht ml Sacraments Sacred rituals through which God's saving power comes to believers. Eucharist (also called: Lord's Supper, Penance ("reconciliation"): Confession and granting of forgiveness Baptism, Sunday worship, Mattins (morning service) and Vespers ("evensong'; evening service). http://people.ucalgary.ca/~ elsegal/C_Transp/C12_Ch ristian_Rituals.html CHRISTMAS [25 Dec - Jan 6] Celebration of Jesus' birth (Nativity), LENT [MarchApril] Forty-day preparation for Easter, EASTER SUNDAY [April] The greatest of Christian festivals celebrates the Resurrection, New Year, Good Friday, Advent, etc.. http://academic.b rooklyn.cuny.edu/ history/dfg/jesu/fe stxtn.htm Week 8 Islam Allah created everything. According to the Quran Allah created his throne which sets on water then created the heavens and Earth and whole universe. Allah created all creatures. Allah created everything for a purpose to fulfil. Human beings are created to worship Allah as the one and only superior God. http://www.alj azeerah.info/I slamic%20Ed itorials/2007/ October/Crea tion%20and %20Evolution %20in%20th e%20Holy%2 0Qur%27an mQ nature.html #ixzz3JvTp 3jTE Islam is based on monotheis m. Tawhid, the oneness of Allah, is an essential belief for all Muslims. Islam teaches that Allah, the one god, has 99 attributes. Although we can understand some of His attributes, His essence cannot be comprehen ded by a human's limited mental capacity. Allah has created mankind In Islamic perspective as well humans have high importance . Everything is the creation of Allah (God) as it is mentioned in the Quran. the creation is humans is different to the creation on nonhumans because everything is created for humans Human beings are noble creation. http://www. academia.e du/511788 4/Human_ Nature_in_I Muslims understand the nature of what is "good" and what is "bad " only in the light of their constitution which was revealed to them in the noble Quran, in addition to what Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) taught them. These two sources are what we call "Shariah", which means "legal system" in contemporary terminology. In Islam, God created good things and bad things and made them known to man through successive revelations, but He left it for human free will to use its power of choice to make its way between the two paths, and be The Qur'an suggests four pathways to salvation, belief, works, repentance and predestination. Some stress Allah’s mercy and forgiveness, others speak of an exact balance that will weigh our good deeds against our bad ones. http://www.answeringislam.org/authors/beck/ salvation_quran.html Islam believes that at death the soul return to Allah(God) and according to the deeds of that human will either be granted in Jannah(paradis e) or Naar (Hell fire). Muslims believe in Judgment day and everyone will be held accountable for their deeds. http://www.mus lim.org/islam/int -is35.htm There are five pillars of Islam: 1. Shahada (Testify) 2. Salah (Prayer) 5 times a day 3. Seyam (Fasting) 30 days of the month of Ramadon 4. Zakat (Charity) 2.5% of annual wealth 5. Hajj (Pilgrimage) once a life time if possible. http://www.islamicbulletin. org/newsletters/issue_24/b eliefs.aspx Eid al-Fitr (1 Shawwal): The Celebration concluding Ramadan. Eid al-Adha (10 Dhu'l-Hijjah): The celebration concluding the Hajj. Some other sects of Muslims celebrate other occasions like Shi’a celebrates Ashura day in remembrance of Imam Ali. http://www.infople ase.com/spot/isla micholidays.html %20By%20H assan%20ElNajjar.htm primarily so that they may know their creator through his creations. http://www. alislam.org/a rticles/natur e-of-allahyasir-alwakeel slamic_Per spective responsible for the choice. http://www.onisla m.net/english/askabout-islam/faithandworship/islamiccreed/168612how-does-islamview-the-natureof-good-andbad.html Week 9 Sikhism God is Everything to the Sikh: He has created all things and remains enshrined within them as both mind and matter. He is immanent. He is also transcendent; for He can and does exist without creation, above and beyond everything. He is Allpowerful; nothing exists or happens without His knowledge or without His permission; He sees into all things and directs even the smallest affairs of His creatures. http://www.si khismguide.o rg/sikhbelief.aspx Sikhism — A Monotheisti c Religion Monotheis m is the beliefsystem in one God and deriving the entire existence from the one God. Sikhism preaches a God who is nameless and formless and the entire human existence is explained as the creation of that one God. http://sikhin stitute.org/ eosp/ch3.html According to Sikh belief, human nature is rooted in selfcenteredne ss (haumai), as opposed to the divine consciousn ess (gur ...
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