Florida International University Module 13 CH2 Oral Language Development Paper

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Znk95

Humanities

Florida International University

Description

Procedures creating the chart

You will be creating a unit plan for differentiated instruction in oral language development, phonemic awareness/phonics, fluency, vocabulary, writing, spelling, and comprehension.

In the left column of the unit plan are headings as to what information must be completed in each part of the unit plan.

Using Oral Language as an example use the following directions and examples to help you complete the unit plan in its' entirety.

Standard:  For each area you must provide the appropriate standard.  For example a standard for oral language that would be appropriate for a 4th grade student would be:

Cluster 2: Knowledge of Language Standard Code Standard LAFS.4.L.2.3 Use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading, or listening. a. Choose words and phrases to convey ideas precisely. b. Choose punctuation for effect. c. Differentiate between contexts that call for formal English (e.g., presenting ideas) and situations where informal discourse is appropriate (e.g., small-group discussion). Cognitive Complexity: Level 3: Strategic Thinking & Complex Reasoning 

Name of Strategy:  Using the website provided for you below each area find a strategy that would be appropriate to teach oral language, and write the name of the strategy.

Explanation of the Strategy:  Fully explain, in your words, a summary of the strategy--what it addresses and how it works.

Lesson Objective (s).  If the strategy selected for oral language was "Relating Words"

The student will be able to develop the following question: Would you prefer to budge a sleeping lamb or a ferocious lion? Why? In the case of pounce, sensible, and raucous what two words would you choose, and why?

  • If you get your clothes ready to wear to school before you go to sleep, would that be sensible or raucous ?  Why?
  • If you and your friends were watching a funny TV show together and began to laugh a lot, would you sound pounce or raucous?  Why?

How Does the Strategy Support Student Learning?  This strategy helps the student to see whether there is anything about the words that is related.  It encourages students to speak and listen to understand the relationship between words, and that sometimes more than one of the instructed words can be used in a sentence.

Materials:  A full list of materials that were used to teach the lesson.  If you are using words, you must list the specific words.

ESOL Accommodations:   Select appropriate accommodations using resources provided for you.

ESE Accommodations:   Select appropriate accommodations using resources provided for you.

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UNIT PLAN Oral Language Development Writing Phonics/Spelling (Phonemic Awareness) Standard http://www.fldoe.org/academics/sta ndards/subject-areas/ Name of Strategy https://www.readingrockets.org/ article/taking-delight-wordshttps://www.readingrockets.org/teac using-oral-language-buildhing/reading101young-childrens-vocabularies course/modules/writing/writingdepth https://www.readingrockets.org/teach ing/reading101course/modules/phonics/phonicspractice https://www.readingrockets.org/teach ing/reading101course/modules/phonological-andphonemic-awareness/phonologicaland-phonemic-1 https://www.readingrockets.org/strate gies/word_hunts www.FCRR.org Explanation of Strategy Lesson Objective: The Students will be able to…… How does Strategy Support Student Learning? Materials ESOL Accommodations ESE Accommodations UNIT PLAN Standard http://www.fldoe.org/academics/st andards/subject-areas/ Name of Strategy Explanation of Strategy Lesson Objective: The Students will be able to…… How does Strategy Support Student Learning? Materials ESOL Accommodations ESE Accommodations Fluency Vocabulary Comprehension https://www.readingrockets.org/teac hing/reading101course/modules/fluency/fluencypractice https://www.readingrockets.org/teac hing/reading101course/modules/vocabulary/vocabul ary-practice https://www.readingrockets.org/teac hing/reading101course/modules/comprehension/co mprehension-practice RED 4311 ESE Accommodations Lectures ESE ACCOMMODATIONS 1. Provide overview of content 2. Provide visuals 3. Use flash cards 4. Give explanations in small distinct steps 5. Provide written backup to oral directions 6. Use voice intonation to stress point 7. Alternate spoken instructions with written and manipulative tasks 8. Introduce difficult vocabulary and concepts 9. Provide study guides/worksheets for lectures 10. Repeat important material throughout the lecture Assignments 11. Vary the length from day to day 12. Adjust the conceptual level 13. Give work in smaller amounts 14. Introduce the assignment carefully 15. Provide time suggestions for each task 16. Give clear and precise directions 17. Require an assignment notebook check often 18. Write assignments on the board 19. Return corrected assignments promptly with specific feedback 20. Provide varied types of assignments (e.g., writing tasks, drawing , interviewing, projects, etc.) 21. Tell the students what they will learn from the assignment Textbooks 22. Provide chapter study guides which include: • • • • vocabulary content outline cloze paragraphs chapter test 23. Rewriting chapter content at a lower readability and syntactic language level 24. Tape the students’ text 25. Decrease the amount of required reading 26. Have students read aloud 27. Allow extra time for reading 28. Use a worksheet to guide independent reading 29. Provide speculation and prediction questions 30. Select alternative texts 31. Teach proper use of index and table of contents 32. Teach planning/scanning techniques Writing 33. Use computer word processing programs 34. Allow students to use typewriters, tape recorders, computers and manuscript paper 35. Teach students to proofread 36. Allow students to dictate work 37. Allow more time 38. Decrease the amount of written work 39. Provide practice with story starters and beginning of interesting articles 40. Have the student write daily 41. Post good examples of writing Motivation 42. Make learning fun, show enthusiasm 43. Provide verbal praise and reinforcement 44. Use field trips and other hands on experiences 45. Use pictures, graphs, etc. to promote interest 46. Alternate learning activities to provide variety 47. Pair the student with a partner 48. Utilize games and competitive charting 49. Post outstanding work in the classroom 50. Use word searches, crossword puzzles, and other methods to learn printed material 51. Use computers to reinforce concepts 52. Allow a student to teach for a day 53. Encourage parental support rd Tests 56. Give oral tests 57. Use more white space between test items 58. Provide a buddy or allow group help 59. Reorganize test for clarity 60. Reduce the vocabulary level 61. Give a take-home test 62. Reduce extraneous information 63. Allow extended time frame for each test 64. Give clear direction for each test section 65. Provide examples 66. Announce remaining time for timed tests at regular intervals 67. Ask questions requiring short answers 68. Provide study questions addressing the format as well as the content of the test Accommodations for ESOL Students In Regular Education Classrooms This information is to guide instruction of ESOL students in mainstream classrooms. In actuality most classroom teachers are already familiar with these suggestions but perhaps unaware that good teaching practices work equally well with all students. In some ways it is a matter of focus rather than new information. All of us are lifelong language learners. No one can claim to understand every word or nuance present in his/her native language. Therefore, all teachers are language instructors. We have all seen this highlighted by the overt inclusion of the four language skills, listening, speaking, reading and writing in all the content areas. You might also note the term "accommodations" rather than "modifications". Modifications tend to be permanent changes to assist a permanent impairment in the learning strategies of some pupils. ESOL is a temporary program of which all students will be exited once they reach a level of English-language proficiency necessary to function at their grade level in an English-speaking instructional setting. Most teachers probably will discover that these activities work so well with all their students that they will permanently incorporate them in their lessons. One must also note a concurrent theme amongst these recommendations; the key is to go directly from object or concept to English (Immediate Meaning Identification). This approach compels the students to "think" in English. The alternative, object or concept to first language to English (Mediated Meaning Identification) will waste valuable learning/listening time in translating. Specific recommendations: Remember the 5 R's: REPEAT, REPHRASE, REITERATE, RESTATE, REWORD!!!!!!! Choose a proficient American student (of the same gender) to serve as the ESOL student's partner. First, this will be a wonderful learning experience for the American to "teach" the ESOL student. Second, the ESOL student will have an excellent role model in English and one who is familiar with the content of the class. Label items in the classroom in English only. The students already know their own language and would ignore the English if you displayed their first language in addition to English. Provide cloze technique (some words missing) passages for the Limited-EnglishProficient (LEP) student to complete from the regular text or lecture notes. Find lower grade level or alternative materials that cover similar content but with more illustrations and less language. Have the ESOL student view videos or filmstrips or listen to cassettes of the content. Have the ESOL student take a test or quiz "open book" or offer the examination orally. Provide a "Geo-Safari" workstation (or equivalent) with appropriate content area vocabulary. Use graphic organizers. These are essential for the visual learner and assist the language learner in seeing the relationships between concepts and their vocabulary labels. Use a "Language Master" or equivalent machine for new vocabulary. Use read-along cassettes and books, either purchased or teacher created. Set up a listening station where the student can read aloud and record himself/herself. Investigate educational software for your content area for computer use. Utilize the guidance of brain-based learning or also referred to as multiple intelligences. Hands on activities, jazz chants, choral reading, nursery rhymes, drawing, these are all staples of a rich language learning environment. Use hand signals to accompany verbal instructions and augment any materials with pantomime and gestures. Establish a learning contract between the student, his/her parents, the ESOL teacher and all classroom teachers. This could include a checklist of skills or specific content area items. Teachers would meet and create this document that would include objectives, strategies and evaluation. By comparing the student's progress, all parties involved would be appraised in the net gains and expectations of achievement. Remember schematic sets for acquisition of new vocabulary. Avoid introducing new words out of context. Use fewer pronouns. Repetition of key concepts is essential. With low-level learners the use of imperative or command form of verbs is easier to understand. Keep strong communication ties with the parents or guardians. Use translators if necessary. By federal law, a parent is entitled to have access to the education system of their child and it is the school's responsibility to find a way to help parents have access. Seek the child's parents at any parental involvement activity. This will also alert school staff to any younger siblings that may arrive in your school in the future. Try to combine parental activities such as PTA and the Migrant Education Program's Parent Advisory Councils. Avoid any assumptions about routine American "common" knowledge. For example, these children may not have experienced Mother Goose or the Beatles' music. Avoid filler phrases that confuse an ESOL student. Make words count and clarify meaning. Do use students' knowledge about their homeland in classes such as Social Studies, but be cautious. School is a stage of life where the key is to "fit in". Consistent reference to a child's first language or their culture can cause the student to feel different, isolated and no longer "part of the crowd". Have ESOL students create their own picture dictionaries utilizing photos from magazines, catalogs or teacher created materials. Make directions comprehensible. Determine your top ten directions and illustrate or demonstrate them. Model rather than overtly correct a student's errors. Address only those pronunciation errors that can affect communication. With limited-English-proficient students who are just beginning to learn English, do not confuse the normal "silent period" of language acquisition with a lack of absorption. Actually, this crucial period is experienced by all second language learners. Be aware of the state's requirements and your school's procedures to determine eligibility for ESOL services. Avoid the assumption about a student's academic language proficiency because you see evidence of social language adeptness. Strongly and consistently utilize pre-reading strategies; i.e., intent of the reading selection, activating background knowledge, looking at the title, picture or charts to predict meaning and reviewing the main rhetorical styles of English (comparison/contrast, descriptive, etc.) and review key vocabulary. The following are excepted from the Colorado Department of Education Handbook on Planning for LEP Student Success: Make a point of correctly learning and pronouncing the student's name. Practice students' first and last names until you master them. Remember that you only have a couple of new words to learn while LEP students have thousands. Ask students the names that they prefer. A person's name has great personal and emotional impact, so don't shorten or change names just to make it easier to pronounce. Invite a LEP student to be Class Messenger. This position of importance will give the student confidence, a sense of belonging and an identity with your class. Announce the objectives and activities for each lesson. This gives students a context for their work. Develop and maintain routines to help LEP students anticipate what will happen without relying solely on language clues. List and review instructions step by step. Speak more slowly. Provide frequent summaries of the salient points of the lesson. Write legibly as some students have low literacy levels or are unaccustomed to the Roman alphabet. Remember cursive is difficult for LEP students to read. Use Process Writing - A writing approach that emphasizes content over mechanics. It encourages students to begin with pre-writing activities that include the review of key concepts in group activities; thus, language is learned in a safe environment. Have students keep journals in English explaining what they've learned and what questions they have (peer tutors can help). Give story summaries. Use a Language Experience Approach - after a common experience such as a field trip or lab experiment, students dictate to the teacher what happened, work together to organize the written ideas and make corrections as necessary. Plan for group work (cooperative learning) - Group LEP students with native English speakers to accomplish a group goal. Have a time for Show and Tell - students are motivated to describe objects or events of interest. Using dictated or other stories of interest, have students create gestures to represent characters and actions to provide their peers with nonverbal cues for understanding. Adapted from ESOL Resource Guide, Department of Education, 2002.
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Explanation & Answer

Please view explanation and answer below.

UNIT PLAN

Oral Language
Development

Standard

ELA standard

Name of Strategy

classroom-based strategy

Explanation of Strategy

Lesson Objective: The Students
will be able to……

The strategy will involve the
children practicing to read
different words and contexts in
a classroom setting under the
guide of the teacher.
1.
2.
3.
4.

Read
Communicate effectively
Listen effectively
Increase their confidence

Writing

Phonics/Spelling
(Phonemic Awareness)

ELA standard

ELA standard

multisensory approach

concept word game strategy

A multisensory approach utilizes
aspects such as hearing, seeing and
kinesthetic modality to teach
students how to write. Such
approaches enable children to learn
write what they hear, see or perceive.

This strategy uses words to enable
the reader to match spoken words to
written words. This strategy enables
students to learn different sounds that
are pronounced during the reading
process.

1.
2.
3.
4.

Learn written communication
Think critically
Be good readers
Improve their comprehension skills

1.
2.

3.
4.

How does Strategy Support
Student Learning?

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Materials

ESOL Accommodations

Encourages children’s
conversations
Enhance eye contact
Provide effective setting for
reading
Easy to control the children
Easy to enhance the
interaction of the children.

Pictures, textbooks, crossword
puzzles, Flash cards, audio
visual materials,
magazine/newspaper cuttings
and vocabulary tree.




Listening to cassettes,
setting up a listening station
Learning contract between
student and parent.

1.
2.
3.
4.

Enables students to write what they
see
Students are able to write what they
hear
Students are able to comprehend
different texts
It enables students to be good
readers

Books. Sound recorders, pencils,
washable markers, writing materials,





Assist impaired students
Use the 5Rs
Use of writing assessment tests

1.
2.
3.

4.

Read and produce the words
Learn different key sounds, their
basic rhythm, annotation patterns
and stress.
Attain more self-confidence.
Develop abilities to undertake
speech monitoring.
It enables the students to be able to
differentiate different sounds.
It creates a conducive learning
enterprise.
Students will be able to understand
that each word is separate from the
other.
It enables children to develop
awareness of different sounds
present within one words.

Flashcards, Alphabet cards, story
books, paper, pencils, reading
materials and writing materials,




Mediated Meaning Identification
Teacher providing reading
instructions.
Provide an English speaking

ESE Accommodations





UNIT PLAN
Standard

Use of audio books
Use of braille instruction
materials
Introduce difficult
vocabulary and

Fluency
ELA standard

Name of Strategy
Explanation of Strategy

Lesson Objective: The Students
will be able to……

direct instruction strategy
This strategy involves the
teacher directly providing
instructions to the student and
controlling the various activities
they undertake.

1.
2.
3.

How does Strategy Support
Student Learning?






Materials












Vocabulary
ELA standard

Comprehension
ELA standard

Word-learning strategies

drawing inference strategy

This strategy involves the use
different programs that enable
students to learn different words and
their meanings. Such programs will
provide the students with a variety
of vocabularies which they can use
in conversations

This strategy is used to enables
students to effectively read through
comprehensions and draw inference
from the text. These strategy is used
to enhance children’s understanding
of the different texts they read.

Read fluently without facing
any challenges.
Understand the meaning of the
different words.
Easily comprehend words and
texts

1.

The teacher is able to directly
assist the students who face
difficulties when reading.
The teacher is in charge of the
teaching practice and will
control the reading process.
The teacher can meet the
requirements of the students at
a personal level.
Teacher determines the best
ways to enhance reading
practice among students.



Books, word puzzles,
storybooks,

Incorporate sign language
Use of audio books
Extend time for students with
mobility challenges.
Written backup oral directions
Study guide

instructional setting to enhance
pronunciation practice.
Use of voice intonations
Provide written backup to oral
directions
Provide study guides
Repeat important material
throughout the teaching session

2.
3.
4.





Improve their comprehension
capabilities.
Express themselves perfectly
Choose their words effectively
when communicating
Gain empowerment in their
learning process.

1.

It enables the students to have a
variety of words to use when
communicating.
Students are also able to learn the
meaning of different words used in
learning.
Enhances student’s comprehension
capacity.
Provides a variety of activities to
undertake making it easy to learn
new words and their meaning.



Dictionary, graphic organizers,
Word puzzles, books, narratives

2.
3.
4.
5.





Develop knowledge from different
texts they read.
Connect what they learn to their life
experiences.
Become independent readers
Become perfect readers
Be able to distinguish between facts
and opinions
Enables students to put together the
meaning of the different texts they
read to gain knowledge.
Enhances their understanding of t...


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