# mathematics lesson plans / essay

**Question description**

In order to provide effective mathematics instruction, teachers must be able to choose effective, age-appropriate mathematical tools to meet the learning needs of a diverse student population. With these tools in mind, effective teachers must be able to present lessons using research-based instruction that aligns with local, state, and national standards.**Scenario:**

You are a fifth-grade teacher. In an effort to provide learning that is meaningful for all students, the principal has issued a school-wide challenge to all teachers to increase the use of manipulatives during mathematics instruction. Your task will include identifying four hands-on and virtual mathematical manipulatives and creating a lesson plan that uses one of those manipulatives.

For the purpose of this task, you will focus your choices on manipulatives that would be appropriate for a diverse student population.**Requirements:**

A. Describe **four** hands-on mathematical manipulatives (*suggested length of 1–2 pages*).

1. Discuss **two** advantages for *each* hands-on manipulative described in part A.

2. Discuss **two** disadvantages for *each* hands-on manipulative described in part A.

B. Describe **four** virtual mathematical manipulatives (*suggested length of 1–2 pages*).

1. Discuss **two** advantages for *each* virtual manipulative described in part B.

2. Discuss **two** disadvantages for *each* virtual manipulative described in part B.

C. Create a fifth-grade lesson plan based on **one** hands-on or virtual manipulative described in *either* part A or part B.

1. Describe *each* of the following **seven** components in your lesson plan from part C:

• identification of general information (e.g., topic, grade, student grouping, seating arrangement)

• identification of standards and *measurable* objectives (condition, behavior, and criterion)

• identification of materials/resources for students and teacher

• description of prerequisite skills or connections to previous learning (i.e., What previously learned skills are necessary for students to be able to participate in and benefit from the planned lesson?)

• explanation of presentation procedures for new information, guided practice, independent practice, and culmination

• explanation of differentiated instruction accommodations

• explanation of assessment

*Note: You may use one of the attached lesson plan templates or any other lesson plan template of your choosing. However, whichever lesson plan template you choose should support the lesson plan requirements and be completed in detail.*

D. Discuss the instructional approach you chose (*suggested length of 1–2 pages*) by doing the following:

1. Explain how **one** research-based instructional approach is used in your lesson plan from part C (e.g., collaborative learning, project-based learning, discovery-based learning).

2. Justify how the hands-on or virtual manipulative used in your lesson plan from part C will enhance student mathematics learning outcomes.

3. Describe an additional activity that uses the alternate manipulative type from the one included in your lesson plan from part C (i.e., if you used a hands-on manipulative in your lesson, use a virtual manipulative, or vice versa).

E. When you use sources, include all in-text citations and references in APA format

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