Havard university The French Revolution & Napoleonic Europe Essay

User Generated

anguna65

Humanities

Havard university

Description

looking for help in working out the essay from the outline 6 pages

Unformatted Attachment Preview

Surname 1 The French Revolution & Napoleonic Europe Outline Modern Europe History Name Institutional Affiliation Course Date Surname 2 1) Thesis statement The story of medieval Europe is the story of Napoleon rise and fall, the Estates General as the main cause of the French Revolution, and how it would lead to the subsequent formation of the French Consulate under the influence of Napoleon. 2) Introduction The story of medieval Europe is the story of the Estates General as the main cause of the French Revolution which would lead to the subsequent formation of the French Consulate under the influence of Napoleon. The Estate General played a key role in dividing the country something which led to the rise of the French Revolution War. Under the Estate General France was divided into three orders which were the First Estate, Second Estate, and the Third Estate with each being made up by clergy, nobility, and commoners respectively. It is through such wrangles that the French Directory was overthrown giving way for the French Consulate under the leadership of Napoleon. 3) The age of enlightenment a) The age of enlightenment outlines the knowledge development levels in medieval France and how it shaped the development of the three orders. The paragraph will thus outline the development of France in general and how this created the bases for what would become revolution in future. ➢ The period between 1688 and 1789 involved a period of political development which created political systems in France. ➢ Social contracts such as the Two Treatises on Government by John Locke ➢ The social contract of 1762 based on Jean-Jacques Rousseau on the districts of human reason 4) The Roots of the French Revolution a) The paragraph outlines the main causes of discomfort among the French citizens and the reasons that caused the French Revolution with Napoleon who played a key role. ➢ The living conditions in Paris were deplorable and as it is outlined by Arthur Young the streets were narrow and dirty. Surname 3 ➢ Residents of France were subjected to massive taxation despite living in poor conditions as stated by Marie Antoinette. ➢ The Royal France and Estate General caused discrimination especially among the less fortune individuals in the community. 5) The French Revolution and the Reign of Terror a) The paragraph will offer an insight on the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizens which abolished the issue of class and status in the society which completely destroyed the Estate General. ➢ People were guaranteed rights to own property and freedom of speech hence promoting the principle of all sovereignty. ➢ The French Revolution led to the declaration of the rights of women and the general citizens. ➢ The revolution protected people against being disquieted based on their opinions as long as they did not disturb the public order. 6) Napoleon in the realm and his influence in Europe a) The paragraph will explain Napoleon’s rise to power during the French Revolution and his influence in Europe. ➢ Napoleon Bonaparte grew as a general in the Revolutionary Army where he became famous where he also became a consul and an emperor ➢ Led a campaign to Egypt from 1798 to 1799 to establish France’s military control in North Africa. ➢ He also build monumental architecture such as the Place de la Bastille, les Invalides and also the Louvre. 7) Napoleonic betrayal of the people a) The paragraph states how Napoleon promoted certain issues that betrayed the people who trusted him something which led to his downfall. ➢ He embarked on massive censorship of the press thus limiting the ability of the people to criticize him ➢ He also prohibited trade with Britain hence affecting his people even more Surname 4 ➢ The French public refuses to join the military after only 40,000 out of the 600,000 members of the French Great Army return to Paris after the war with Moscow. 8) Conclusion The Estate General brought division among the French citizens since it offered room for mistreatment of the poor by the rich. Napoleon rose in ranks and people soon developed trust in him. During the French revolution, he helped eradicate such systems and the French Consulate was established by the common citizens. Despite this, Napoleon amassed more power and this led to the betrayal of the people who once put their trust in him. Lack of support from the citizens also led to the loss of influence in the outside world more so in Europe. Surname 5 Work cited A.K Beer. 2020. "Modern Europe Pre-French Revolution". Youtube.Com. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ow-N5pn8y1E&list=PLrXVxglgFVlpBVIJkEsnebTxEPwovaw8. A.K Beer. 2020. "The French Revolution And Reign Of Terror". Youtube.Com. https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLrXVxg-lgFVmxe_3bGZULh_8ytuXNVw5Q. A.K Beer. 2021. "Napoleonic France And Napoleonic Europe". Youtube.Com. https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLrXVxg-lgFVmFFbKFbIynfpf5RF7zBdgC. Fordham University. 1773. "Internet History Sourcebooks". Sourcebooks.Fordham.Edu. https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/mod/1773marieantonette.asp. Prof. Arkenberg. 2021. "Internet History Sourcebooks". Sourcebooks.Fordham.Edu. https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/mod/1806catechism-napoleon.asp. Unit 1: The French Revolution & Napoleonic Europe • Unit 1: The French Revolution & Napoleonic Europe Thurs Feb 4 Royal France & The Roots of the French Revolution Things to Watch: This class's videos on YouTube • Things to Watch: Recording of "Why History" and "Thesis Statements" • Things to Turn in: Weekly Quiz #1 (in this folder) -- due by midnight EST on Friday • Things to Discuss: Discussion Posts on Slack/Discussion Meeting • Textbook: Merriman, pp. 449-473. (Aka Part Four, chapter 12; stop at the section headed "War and the Second Revolution") • Primary Sources: Marie Antoinette’s letter ; Selections from Arthur Young’s Travels • https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/mod/1773marieantonette.asp • https://history.hanover.edu/texts/young.html • • Mon Feb 8 The French Revolution & The Reign of Terror • Things to Watch: This class's videos on YouTube • Things to Turn In: Thesis statement on Marie Antoinette’s Letter or Arthur Young (in this folder) • Things to Discuss: Discussion Posts on Slack/Discussion Meeting • Textbook: Merriman, pp. 473-495 (chapter 12 from section "War and the Second Revolution" to end of chapter 12) • Primary Source: The Declaration of the Rights of Man ; Revolutionary French anthem: “Ça ira” • https://avalon.law.yale.edu/18th_century/rightsof.asp • https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/mod/caira.asp • • Thurs Feb 11 Napoleonic France & Napoleonic Europe • Thigs to Watch: This class's videos on YouTube • Things to Turn In: Weekly Quiz #2 (in this folder) -- due by midnight EST on Friday • Things to Discuss: Discussion Posts on Slack/Discussion Meeting • Textbook: Merriman, pp. 496-531. (Chapter 13) • Primary Source: Selections from The Description of Egypt (BB); The Imperial Catechism • https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/mod/1806catechism-napoleon.asp • • Unit 2: The Industrial Revolution & Changing World Views Unit 2: The Industrial Revolution & Changing World Views Mon Feb 15 No Class! • Thurs Feb 18 Technological Change: The Industrial Revolution & Technology • Things to Watch: This class's video playlist • Things to Turn In: Weekly quiz. (in this folder) • Things to Discuss: Discussion Posts on Slack/Discussion Meeting • Textbook: Merriman pp. 532-574. (Chapter 14 up to the section "The Origins of European Socialism") • Primary Source: The Leeds Woolen Workers’ Petition ; The Cloth Merchants’ Letter • https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/mod/1786machines.asp • https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/mod/1791machines.asp • Film Recs: Hard Times (1994), North and South (2004) • Mon Feb 22 Critiques of Capitalism: Socialism and Communism • Things to Watch: This class's video playlist • Things to Turn In: Thesis statement on the Wool Workers’ Petition or Cloth Merchants’ Letter. (in this folder) • Things to Discuss: Discussion Posts on Slack/Discussion Meeting • Textbook: Merriman pp. 574-581. (Chapter 14 from "The Origins of European Socialism" to the end.) • Primary Source: Engels’ description of industrial Manchester ; Selections from The Communist Manifesto • https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/mod/1844engels.asp • https://avalon.law.yale.edu/19th_century/mantwo.asp • • Thurs Feb 25 Restoration Europe Challenged & The Revolutions of the 1830 & 1848 • Things to Watch: This class's video playlist • Things to Turn In: Weekly quiz. (in this folder) • Things to Discuss: Discussion Posts on Slack/Discussion Meeting • Textbook: Merriman pp. 582-658. (Chapter 15 & Chapter 16) • Primary Source: Malthus’ First Essay on Population ; Selections from Mazzini’s Duties of Man https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/mod/1798malthus.asp • https://web.archive.org/web/20070206095614/http:/history.hanover.edu/texts/ma zzini/mazzini5.htm • • Mon Mar 1 The Second Industrial Revolution Things to Watch: Three videos this week -- two uploaded now, one coming up soon. • Things to Hand in: Thesis statement on Malthus or Mazzini (in this folder) • Things to Discuss: Discussion Posts on Slack/Discussion Meeting • Textbook: Merriman pp. 750-791 (Chapter 19) • Primary Source: Swiss Tunnel Building and The Confession of Faith of a Man of Science • https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/mod/1905simplon.asp • https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/mod/1892haekel.asp • • Unit 3: Europe and the Wider World Unit 3: Europe and the Wider World Thurs Mar 4 Imperialism & Colonialism (1) Things to Watch: This class's videos (only two) • Things to Turn In: Weekly quiz. (in this folder) • Things to Discuss: Discussion Posts on Slack/Discussion Meeting Textbook: Merriman ch. 21, pp. 826-870. Primary Source: Kipling’s White Man’s Burden ; Address to the German Nation • https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/mod/kipling.asp • https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/mod/1807fichte1.asp • • Mon Mar 8 Imperialism & Colonialism (2) Things to Watch: This class's videos (only two) • Things to Discuss: Discussion Posts on Slack/Discussion Meeting • Textbook: Selections from King Leopold’s Ghost (Read Introduction, Prologue, Chapters 1-2, 4, 7-8, 10-11, 15, 17, and 19 ) • Primary Source: Belgian Congo Photographs (in this folder) and Encyclical of Pope Leo XIII on Slavery in the Missions • http://www.vatican.va/content/leoxiii/en/encyclicals/documents/hf_l-xiii_enc_20111890_catholicae-ecclesiae.html • • Thurs Mar 11 The End of the Long Nineteenth Century • Things to Turn In: Weekly quiz. (in this folder) • Things to Watch: This class's videos (two + midterm explainer) Things to Discuss: Discussion Posts on Slack/Discussion Meeting • Textbook: Merriman, 792-825 • Primary Source: Babes of the Empire (in this folder), Willy-Nicky Telegrams (in this folder) Film Recs: Downton Abbey (season 1), My Boy Jack Friday Mar 12: Things to Turn in: Thesis statement on Kipling or the Address to the German Nation. (in this folder) before midnight EST • Unit 4: World War I & The Russian Revolution Unit 4: World War I & The Russian Revolution Mon Mar 22 World War I in Western Europe • Things to Watch: This class's videos on YouTube • Things to Turn In: Thesis statement on Babes of the Empire. (in this folder) • Things to Discuss: Discussion Posts on Slack/Discussion Meeting • Textbook: Merriman, ch. 22, pp 873-904. • Primary Source: It Was The War of the Trenches (BB); Storm of Steel (BB) • Film Recs: Downton Abbey (season 2), All Quiet on the Western Front (1930, 1979). • Thurs Mar 25 The End of World War I Things to Watch: This class's videos on YouTube • Things to Turn In: Weekly quiz. (in this folder) Things to Discuss: Discussion Posts on Slack/Discussion Meeting • Textbook: Merriman, ch. 22, pp. 904-933. • Primary Source: Selections from the Treaty of Versailles, • http://www.vatican.va/content/leo-xiii/en/encyclicals/documents/hf_lxiii_enc_20111890_catholicae-ecclesiae.html • • Mon Mar 29 The Rise of the Russian Revolution to the Ascent of Stalin Assignment Due: Thesis statement on It Was the War of the Trenches or on Storm of Steel. (in this folder) • Things to Watch: This class's videos on YouTube • Things to Discuss: Discussion Posts on Slack/Discussion Meeting • Textbook: Merriman ch. 23, pp. 934-956 • Optional Textbook: The Russian Revolution: A Very Short Introduction OR Merriman 714-732. • Primary Source: Lenin on Imperialism • https://www.marxists.org/archive/lenin/works/1916/imp-hsc/ch07.htm • • Thurs Apr 1 The Rise of Fascism, East and West • Things to Turn In: Weekly quiz. (in this folder) • Things to Watch: This class's videos on YouTube • Things to Discuss: Discussion Posts on Slack/Discussion Meeting • Textbook: Merriman, ch. 25, pp. 1006-1053. • Primary Source: The 25 Points ; Mussolini’s “What is Fascism” ; Hymn to Stalin ; Stalin’s Purges https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/mod/25points.asp • https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/mod/mussolini-fascism.asp • https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/mod/stalin-worship.asp • https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/mod/1936purges.asp • • Mon Apr 5 NO CLASS: EASTER MONDAY • Thurs Apr 8 The Inter-War Period Things to Watch: This class's videos on YouTube (Only ONE video -- be sure you listen to the podcast OR read the transcript BEFORE class on Thursday) • Things to Turn In: NO QUIZ THIS WEEK • Things to Discuss: Discussion Posts on Slack/Discussion Meeting • Textbook: Merriman pp. 1053-1070. • Secondary Source (REQUIRED): Listen to the podcast In Our Time's episode on Picasso's Guernica, or if audio is no good, read the transcript (in this folder) • Primary Source: Picasso's Guernica (in this folder, two images); Selections from Dorothy Sayers' Busman's Holiday, on shell shock (BB) Film Recs: Remains of the Day (1993), The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie (1969), The King’s Speech (2010) • Unit 5: World War II Unit 5: World War II Mon Apr 12 World War II Begins: the Battlefront Things to Watch: This class's videos on YouTube • Things to Discuss: Discussion Posts on Slack/Discussion Meeting • Textbook: Merriman, pp. 1071-1086. • Primary Source: Survivor’s account (BB), “The Wannsee Protocol" (ONLY SKIM THIS!) • https://fcit.usf.edu/holocaust/resource/document/DocWanns.htm • • Thurs Apr 15 World War II & Europe After Things to Watch: This class's videos on YouTube • Things to Turn In: Weekly quiz. (in this folder) • Things to Discuss: Discussion Posts on Slack/Discussion Meeting • Textbook: Merriman, pp. 1086-1119. • Primary Source: The Marshall Plan ; German surrender documents https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/mod/1947marshallplan1.asp • https://web.archive.org/web/20140224044453/http://www.law.ou.edu/ushistory/ge rmsurr.shtml • Mon Apr 19 The Holocaust: Lead-In and Aftermath Things to Watch: This class's videos on YouTube Things to Discuss: Discussion Posts on Slack/Discussion Meeting Textbook: None. Biographical Source: MAUS 1 & MAUS 2 (all of them!) (On reserve at the library here) Primary Source: NONE. Thurs Apr 22 After World War II: The Cold War Begins & The Communist Bloc Things to Watch: This class's videos on YouTube Things to Turn In: Weekly quiz. (in this folder) Things to Discuss: Discussion Posts on Slack/Discussion Meeting Textbook: Merriman, ch. 27, pp. 1160-1172; Merriman pp. 1190-1231. Primary Source: Churchill’s Iron Curtain Speech ; Stalin’s Reply
Purchase answer to see full attachment
User generated content is uploaded by users for the purposes of learning and should be used following Studypool's honor code & terms of service.

Explanation & Answer

View attached explanation and answer. Let me know if you have any questions.9 pages total with works cited in MLA format. Thanks so much! Let me know if you have any questions/concerns.

Surname1

The French Revolution & Napoleonic Europe Outline
Modern Europe History

Name
Institutional Affiliation
Course
Date

Surname2

1. Thesis statement:
The story of medieval Europe is the story of Napoleon's rise and fall, the Estates General
as the main cause of the French Revolution, and how it would lead to the subsequent formation
of the French Consulate under the influence of Napoleon.

2. Introduction:
The French Revolution is one of the memorable events of European history. For the first
time in history, the common men raised their voices against the unjust and discriminatory
attitude of the ruling class of that time. The story of medieval Europe is the story of the EstatesGeneral as the main cause of the French Revolution which would lead to the subsequent
formation of the French Consulate under the influence of Napoleon. The Estate General played
a key role in dividing the country, something which led to the rise of the French Revolution
War. Under the Estate General France was divided into three orders which were the First
Estate, Second Estate, and the Third Estate with each being made up by clergy, nobility, and
commoners respectively. No doubt, the clergy class constituted only one percent of the whole
French population. Similarly, the aristocrats were also one percent but they were the major
beneficiaries of the whole wealth of France. Ironically, 98% of the population belonged to the
common class that was deprived of its fundamental rights. Besides, the enlightenment also
paved the way for the French Revolution. It was the result of the teachings of French
philosophers like John Locke and Jean Jaques Rousseau that the third estate stood for their
rights. Consequently, the end of the eighteenth century saw a reign of terror against the upper
class of France. The fall of King Louis sixteen and the mass killings of the aristocrats through
guillotine was one of the unfortunate instances. It is through such wrangles that the French

Surname3

Directory was overthrown giving way for the French Consulate under the leadership of
Napoleon. Moreover, Napoleon Bonaparte emerged as the ruler of France and changed the
lives of people. Unequivocally, Napoleon had greater influence in Europe and remained an
undisputed emperor for many years. The rise of Napoleon from an army man to the emperor
of France seems very interesting for Historians. Additionally, some drawbacks in Napoleonic
policies paved the way for his downfall. Thus, the French Revolution and the rise of Napoleon
are interconnected incidents.
3. The age of enlightenment:
The age of enlightenment outlines the knowledge development levels in medieval France
and how they shaped the development of the three orders. This age is regarded as the age of
reason because people were recognizing their rights and they were demanding the separation
of the Church from the State. Additionally, in this age, People also started demanding the
abolition of monarchy and replacement of monarchy with democracy. The slogans of liberty,
equality, and fraternity were common in that era. The period between 1688 and 1789 involved
a period of political development which created political systems in France. In that political
system, people started a rebellion against the aristocracy. They raised voices against the
exploitation of the lower middle class at the hands of aristocrats who were immune to any
punishment. In this era, Montasqiue's concept of separation of powers was popularized and
People called for the end of the interference of the Pope in the matters of state. Social contracts
such as the Two Treatises on Government by John Locke also gained popularity. The
philosophy of John Locke gained much public support. John Locke denied the divine rights of
kings and argued that every person has been endowed with some natural rights. According to
him, it does not require any specific qualification for becoming a king. Instead, a king who is

Surname4

unable to fulfill the demands of his people should resign from his kingship. The social contract
of 1762 based on Jean-Jacques Rousseau on the districts of human reason also gained fame in
this age. The social contract theory of Rousseau became the order of the day in which people
started demanding the legality of a government. According to that theory, the government cab
only exits if the governed persons wanted it to exist. Otherwise, the government having less
public support should be demolished (Carlyle, 2021).

4. The Roots of the French Revolution:
The paragraph outlines the main causes of discomfort among the French citizens and the
reasons that caused the French Revolution with Napoleon who played a key role. There are
innumerable causes that sow the seeds of this bloodiest revolution of the world. The living
conditions in Paris were deplorable and as is outlined by Arthur Young the streets were narrow
and dirty. The common man was suffering from poverty and the negligence of the ruling class.
The rulers were enjoying their luxurious life in the palace of Versailles and were fully unaware
of the sufferings of the oppressed class of France. Residents of France were subjected to
massive taxation despite living in poor conditions as stated by Marie Antoinette. The bourgeois
class imp...


Anonymous
Great! 10/10 would recommend using Studypool to help you study.

Studypool
4.7
Indeed
4.5
Sitejabber
4.4

Related Tags