Exegesis Paper Book of Matthew


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Exegesis Paper
You will complete an exegesis of a passage from the New Testament (employing methods of
interpretation and perspectives, such as literary and historical context, literary form, and structure).
Exegesis means to expound upon a text, to unpack a text of its many meanings. Elements of various
types of criticism will be employed to further develop your ability to interpret the Bible. .
Select one of the following passages as the basis for your exegesis: Matthew 6:9-13

References to use are: Biblical Reference Books
Anderson, B., ed. The Books of the Bible. 2 vols. New York: Scribners, 1989.
Bauer, J., ed. Sacramentum Verbi. 3 vols. New York: Herder, 1970.
Black, M., ed. Peake's Commentary on the Bible. London: Nelson, 1962.
Brown, R. et.al., eds. The Jerome Biblical Commentary. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall, 1968.
__________. The New Jerome Biblical Commentary. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall, 1990.
Buttrick, G., ed. Interpreter's Dictionary of the Bible. 4 vols plus supplementary vol. New York: Abingdon,
Ellison, J., ed. Nelson's Complete Concordance of the Revised Standard Version Bible. New York:
Nelson, 1957.
Fitzmyer, J. The Interpretation of Scripture: In Defense of the Historical Critical Method. New York:
Paulist, 2008.
Freedman, D.N., ed. The Anchor Bible Dictionary. 6 vols. Doubleday, 1992.
Fuller, R., ed. A New Catholic Commentary on Holy Scripture. Camden: Nelson, 1969.
Hartman, L. Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Bible. New York: McGraw Hill, 1963.
Keck, L., ed. The New Interpreters Bible. 13 vols. Abingdon, 1994.
Kittel and Friedrich, eds. Theological Dictionary of the New Testament. 10 vols. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans,
Laymon, C. The Interpreter's One Volume Commentary on the Bible. New York: Abingdon, 1971.
Leon-Dufour, X. Dictionary of Biblical Theology. New York: Desclee, 1967.
McKenzie. Dictionary of the Bible. Milwaukee: Bruce, 1965.
Orchard, J. A Synopsis of the Four Gospels. Mercer U. Pr., 1982.
Richardson, A. A Theological Word Book of the Bible. New York: MacMillan, 1950.
Rahner, K., ed. Sacramentum Mundi. 6 vols. New York: Herder, 1968.
Sakenfeld, Karen. The New Interpreters Dictionary of the Bible. 5 vols. Abingdon, 2006.

Follow the outline below and answer the questions in each section using recommended sources. Keep
the outline headings below as the subheadings of your exegesis.
1. Literary Criticism
a. Context: What follows and precedes your passage? Are your pages affected by this context?
b. Form criticism: What is the literary form of your passage? Are there other places in the Bible
(or related text) where this form is used and which help to interpret this passage?
c. Structure: Do you detect any particular structural pattern (e.g., parallelism within your
assigned book of the Bible)? Describe the parts of your passage.
d. Redaction criticism: Has your passage come through an editorial process? What changes
have been made? Explain why certain changes have been made.
e. Key words: What are the theologically important words in the passage? Do these words
evoke any other parts of the Bible? Are these words used in a new way by the author of this
passage? What do these words mean?
2. Theological Analysis
a. What does this passage say about the relationship with God?
b. What questions might this passage have addressed in the community for which it was
originally written?
[Some of the ideas above are adopted from A Guide to Biblical Exegesis by G. Landes and W. Wink
The purpose of such documentation is to enable the reader to find
your source with ease. Be sure to use some material from the bibliography in the course Doc Sharing area for your exegesis,
especially the biblical reference books. Below are some hints for successfully completing the paper:
1. Look up your passage in the New Testament.
2. Consult a general commentary (such as The Jerome Biblical Commentary, The New Jerome
Biblical Commentary, or The Collegeville Bible Commentary).
3. Consult specific commentaries (see the course bibliography in Doc Sharing, e.g., Harrington’s
Matthew’s Gospel, Fitzmyer’s The Gospel According to Luke).
4. Conduct a periodical search (through EBSCO) of your passage, limiting search to full-text, peerreviewed
Use the checklist below to ensure that you are following the format properly:
1. Are all ideas documented (including page numbers)?
2. Are all quotations documented (including page numbers)?
3. Is there a works cited page?
4. Do the notes and bibliography include sources recommended by the syllabus?
5. Does the format include the headings from the syllabus?
6. Does each sentence make sense?
7. Does the “form” section clearly name a literary form?
8. Does the redaction section contrast the assigned passage with Mark’s version (except for infancy
narrative and Lord’s Prayer)?
9. Does the key word section include more than one key word?
10. Does the key word section refer to Old Testament material?

Tutor Answer

School: Cornell University

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Exegesis Paper Book of Matthew Outline

Literary Criticism: a. Context:
b. Form Criticism
c. Structure
d. Redaction criticism:
e. Keywords

2. Theological Analysis: a. Relationship with God
b. Questions the passage answers in the original community.
Works cited




Student’s Name
Professor’s Name
Exegesis Paper Book of Matthew
Our modern society is composed of a collection of religions. The center of all these
religions is prayer. Christianity is a subset of these many religions. From the early days of His
ministry, Jesus presented different virtues of prayer including His life. As He did with the father,
Jesus desired to have His disciples to have close communion with His Father God (Fuller 126).
Through this desire, Jesus presented lessons of prayer to the disciples teaching them how to
approach their maker. He introduced Mathew 6:9-13 as a model prayer for the disciples. The
prayer has proved of great importance in Christian lives. The prayer presents the importance of
forgiveness in addition to the importance of prayer. This essay provides an examination of this
prayer to bring out its context, importance and its theoretical implication to the Christians today
(Bauer 26).

Literary Criticism: a. Context:
This prayer seems a continuation of Jesus’ teaching on how His followers should do their

prayers. Jesus begins by cautioning His listeners against practicing self-righteousness before
others. Equally, in the later part, He speaks of providing for those in want needy in secret
The passage bigger context of the text is a hortatory passage extracted from the sermon on the
mountain that spans the whole of Mathew chapter one, Mathew 6:1-34. Jesus made this
presentation during His Galilean ministry between A.D. 27 – 29 (Fitzmyer 501-530). Jesus was



making His presentation in the audience of both his disciples and a group his message inquirers
(Matt. 6.1-34). In this exhortation, Jesus contrasts the existing beliefs build on the Laws of
Moses with His teaching. Mathew 5:17-20 gives a summary of this comparison. He compares the
Pharisees religious observances and teachings to a genuine intent of the law. Jesus reveals real
authority by contrasting the Pharisees’ false teachings to His teachings. This passage is a
hortatory genre in the oral discourse medium. The overall content of this chapter is an appealing
message that gives a contrast the practiced false observances, and motives by the hypocrites
against that which is required of the real citizens of heaven. The Pharisees are purporting to be
children of God, but Jesus proofs them otherwise by exposing their hypocritical activities (v. 16). Proper observances are occasioned by appropriate attitudes, which the Pharisees lacked. The
sum of the overall teaching is the e...

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