Sociology and Ethic assignment


Question Description

1. A deontologist could argue which statement in relation to the issue of physician-assisted suicide (PAS) and euthanasia?

  a.  PAS and euthanasia are not ethically acceptable, because life is universally valuable and these procedures result in death.

  b.  PAS and euthanasia are not ethically acceptable, because they lead to greater amounts of unhappiness than keeping people alive.

  c.  PAS and euthanasia are ethically acceptable because one always has to respect the dignity of life and allowing people this choice affirms their dignity.

   d.  A and B

  e.  A and C

2. Who is famous for establishing the oath for physicians that exists today?

  a.  Socrates

  b.  Heraclitus

  c. Aristotle

  .d  Tiberius

  .e  none of the above

3. What is the difference between physician-assisted suicide (PAS) and euthanasia?

  a.  During PAS, patients end their own lives; during euthanasia, the doctor ends patients’ lives.

  b.  During PAS, the doctor ends the patients’ lives; during euthanasia, patients end their own lives.

  c.  During PAS, the doctor injects the drug to end the patient’s life; during euthanasia, the patient injects the drug to end their own life.

  d. During PAS, the patient and the doctor cooperate to end the patient’s life; during euthanasia, patients end their own lives.

  e.  None of the above

4. What is one formulation of Kant’s categorical imperative?

  a.  An eye for an eye.

  b. Always act in such a way that you promote the greatest happiness for the greatest number.

  c. Treat others as you would want to be treated.

  d. Do good to others with hate in your heart.

  e.  Always treat people as ends in themselves, never as means to an end.

5. How long was Terri Schiavo in a persistent vegetative state before the decision was made by her husband to remove her feeding tube?

  a.  1 year

  b.  4 years

  c.  6 years

  d.  8 years

  e.  10 years

6. Which group of people might not be fully autonomous in choosing to be a research subject?

  a. The incarcerated

  b.  The poor

  c.  The mentally ill

  d.  All of the above

  e.  None of the above

7. What is the difference between RU486 and “Plan B”?

  a.  RU486 cannot prevent pregnancies that have already occurred while “Plan B” can.

  b.  RU486 prevents eggs from fertilizing while “Plan B” works to destroy the embryo.

  c.  RU486 and “Plan B” can both eliminate current pregnancies.

  d.  RU 486 induces the abortion of fertilized embryos while “Plan B” prevents eggs from being fertilized.

  e.  None of the above

8. People who work in the field of mental health__________________

  a.  may reveal information in cases where the patient intends bodily harm to another person.

  b.  may never reveal confidential information.

  c.  ought to never reveal any information.

  d.  may not reveal information about diseases that could be used to inflict pain on another person.

  e.  none of the above

9. Pluripotent stem cells are__________________

  a.  those cells that have the potential to be used for multiple types of tissue.

  b.  those cells that have potential to be used only for one type of tissue.

  c.  those cells that are generally taken from adults.

  d.  those cells that are embryonic stem cells.

  e.  none of the above

10. Hospice care focuses on_____________

  a.  minimizing patient suffering.

  b.  primarily working with those who are going to die.

  c. giving humans a dignified death.

  d. all of the above.

  e. A and B

Tutor Answer

Leonard B
School: Cornell University

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