NRS 493 GCU Access Multidisciplinary Improve Cancer Patient Experience Analysis

User Generated


Health Medical

NRS 493

Grand Canyon University



Topic: Article Analysis 1

For this assignment:

Search the GCU Library and find three different health care articles that use quantitative research. Do not use articles that appear in the Topic Materials or textbook. Complete an article analysis for each using the "Article Analysis 1" template.

Refer to the "Patient Preference and Satisfaction in Hospital-at-Home and Usual Hospital Care for COPD Exacerbations: Results of a Randomised Controlled Trial," in conjunction with the "Article Analysis Example 1," for an example of an article analysis.

While APA style is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected, and documentation of sources should be presented using APA formatting guidelines, which can be found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.


Topic: Using Rapid Access multidisciplinary palliative assessment to improve cancer patient experience.

Review your problem or issue and the study materials to formulate a PICOT question for your capstone project change proposal. A PICOT question starts with a designated patient population in a particular clinical area and identifies clinical problems or issues that arise from clinical care. The intervention used to address the problem must be a nursing practice intervention. Include a comparison of the nursing intervention to a patient population not currently receiving the nursing intervention, and specify the timeframe needed to implement the change process.  Formulate a PICOT question using the PICOT format (provided in the assigned readings) that addresses the clinical nursing problem.

The PICOT question will provide a framework for your capstone project change proposal.

In a paper of 500-750 words, clearly identify the clinical problem and how it can result in a positive patient outcome.

Describe the problem in the PICOT question as it relates to the following:

  • Evidence-based solution
  • Nursing intervention
  • Patient care
  • Health care agency
  • Nursing practice

Unformatted Attachment Preview

Article Analysis 1 Article Citation and Permalink (APA format) Point Article 1 Article 2 Article 3 Description Description Description Broad Topic Area/Title Identify Independent and Dependent Variables and Type of Data for the Variables Population of Interest for the Study Sample Sampling Method © 2019. Grand Canyon University. All Rights Reserved. Descriptive Statistics (Mean, Median, Mode; Standard Deviation) Identify examples of descriptive statistics in the article. Inferential Statistics Identify examples of inferential statistics in the article. 2 1 Running Head: PICOT STATEMENT PICOT Statement Paper Joe Blow Grand Canyon University: NRS-493-0501 Sometime this year PICOT STATEMENT 2 PICOT Statement Paper PICOT Statement For patients with a private room within the Emergency Department (P), will the use of privacy door blinds (I), compared to those that utilize privacy room curtains (C), have decrease in cross-contaminations (O)? Clinical Problem The Emergency Department (ED) consists of 15 small rooms with private doors but open windows with a hanging cloth curtain providing patient privacy. The curtain hangs from the ceiling directly at the foot of the patient’s bed. This makes the curtain a high touch area as it must be frequently moved to get around the patient’s bed to provide quick and appropriate care. Bedrails, intravenous poles, sinks, bedside tables, and privacy curtains are all in the top 10 hightouch items in the healthcare setting (Cheng et al., 2015). Quick and high turn-over of the department leaves ED staff members to quickly clean the rooms prior to the next patient entering. After cleaning, one high touch item remains – the privacy curtain hanging from the rod in the ceiling. Hospital privacy curtains have statistically been known to harbor germs bacteria and viruses. Common hospital-acquired pathogens such Vancomycin Resistant Enterococcus (VRE), Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Escherichia Coli (E.Coli), Clostridium difficile (C-diff), influenza, and the Rota virus (Carikas & Matthews, 2019). Evidence-Based Solution Several studies have been conducted to determine which type of privacy curtain will help slow and prevent growth. There have also been studies regarding how often curtains should be changed to decrease the likelihood of cross contamination. There have even been studies on who touches the curtain most often and where the curtain is most touched. At the end of each study it PICOT STATEMENT 3 is concluded that all types curtains regardless of how often they were changed had a high risk of cross-contamination. It is also decided, “Ideally, curtains could be eliminated from hospitals, but for the sake of privacy and convenience, and without feasible alternatives, this seems improbable for the time being” (Brown, Siddiqui, Mcmullen, Waller, & Baer, 2020). Implementation of privacy blinds or opaque glass doors (Brown et al., 2020) would eliminate the high touch items reducing the risk of infection. Privacy blind installation would be more cost efficient than changing out the door/windows. Patient Care Privacy curtains increase the risk of infection, delay patient care, and create periods of complete patient exposure. Since the rooms are small and the curtains invade patient space, they are frequently being touched and moved by healthcare workers, patients, and family (Cheng et al., 2015). Healthcare workers continuously move the curtain (breaking hand hygiene compliance) to move around the patient and provide care on both sides (Ohl et al., 2012). Open and closing the curtain to move around often leaves the patient completely exposed for a short period of time. Nursing Intervention Implementation of privacy curtains would be applied by engineering. Nursing wise hand hygiene compliance and utilizing appropriate patient privacy with blinds are key interventions. The primary concern with the removal of privacy curtains is maintaining patient privacy. When individual rooms are an option, utilization of the blinds would remove the element of a potential cross contamination. Nursing intervention is to provide privacy by knocking and waiting for a response prior to entering. In addition, it is important to keep doors and blinds closed unless in a situation that requires close monitoring. PICOT STATEMENT 4 Health Care Agency Most facilities have a cleaning or changing schedule for curtains based on availability of replacements, intervals, or when visibly soiled (Woodard, Buttner, Cruz, & Roeder, 2018). The infection preventionist at this facility reports the current guidelines are for Emergency Department curtains to be replaced every 6 months or if visibly soiled. Isolation/COVID-19 rooms must be terminally cleaned by environmental services and have different style of curtains that can be sprayed/cleaned more easily than the fabric counterparts. Implementation of curtains that are able to be cleaned as easily as other high touch areas would change the current cleaning guidelines. Nursing Practice Currently, healthcare providers complain about the privacy curtains “being in the way” and causing a delay in care. Raising concern for the safety of our patients and creating an argument for removal of privacy curtains is key. Implementing and utilizing privacy blinds appropriately will provide more space for patient care and family involvement while decreasing the risk of cross-contamination. PICOT STATEMENT 5 References Brown, L., Siddiqui, S., Mcmullen, A., Waller, J., & Baer, S. (2020). Revisiting the “leading edge” of hospital privacy curtains in the medical intensive care unit. American Journal of Infection Control. doi: 10.1016/j.ajic.2020.03.015 Carikas, K., & Matthews, S. (2019). Hospital Privacy Curtains -- What’s hanging around? Dissector, 47(1), 20–22. Cheng, V., Chau, P., Lee, W., Ho, S., Lee, D., So, S., … Yuen, K. (2015). Hand-touch contact assessment of high-touch and mutual-touch surfaces among healthcare workers, patients, and visitors. Journal of Hospital Infection, 90(3), 220–225. doi: 10.1016/j.jhin.2014.12.024 Ohl, M., Schweizer, M., Graham, M., Heilmann, K., Boyken, L., & Diekema, D. (2012). Hospital privacy curtains are frequently and rapidly contaminated with potentially pathogenic bacteria. American Journal of Infection Control, 40(10), 904-906. doi:10.1016/j.ajic.2011.12.017 Woodard, D., Buttner, M., Cruz, P., & Roeder, J. (2018). Microbial contamination of privacy curtains in the emergency department of a metropolitan hospital. Journal of Hospital Infection, 100(3). doi: 10.1016/j.jhin.2018.06.018
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Explanation & Answer

Please view explanation and answer below.

Article Analysis 1
Article Citation
and Permalink
(APA format)

Article 1

Article 2

Article 3




Broad Topic

A Quantitative Observational
Study of Physician Influence
on Hospital Costs

Using Numbers Creates Value
for Health Professionals: A
Quantitative Study of Pain
Management in Palliative

Assessing primary health care
nurses knowledge toward
immunizations: A quantitative

Independent and
Variables and
Type of Data for
the Variables

In this study, the independent
variables were physician
characteristics such as age
while dependent variable was
hospital cost. Quantitative
data such as all-payer data
was used in the study.

In this study, the aim was to
identify differences regarding
the methods to estimate pain
within palliative care. The
dependent variable in this case
was pain while the
independent variable was
number of pain estimates. The
data used in this study was
quantitative retrieved from
palliative registry and patient
medical records

The dependent variable in this
study was the nurse
knowledge towards
immunization while the
independent variable was the
immunization education
program. The quantitative
data from self-administered
survey was used.

Population of
Interest for the

The population of interest in
this study were physicians

The population of interest in
the study were staff members
who worked in the palliative

A total of 340 nurses
participated in the program
while a Power analysis using


© 2019. Grand Canyon University. All Rights Reserved.



In the study 15,237 physicians
were used.

Sampling Method Random sampling method
was used to sample the

care setting

the Australian Bureau
Statistics online website
(2018) determined that a
sample size of 125
participants was required to
keep the confidence level of
95%, the confidence interval
of .05, and a response rate of

A total of 22 staff who
worked in palliative care was

A sample of 125 nurses
participated in the study

The sampling method utilized
was random whereby a
random assignment of the
population was utilized.

Purposive sampling was used
for the distribution of survey
to the sample nurses. The
inclusion criteria utilized in
the study was based on
whether the nurse had
diploma or bachelor in


Statistics (Mean,
Median, Mode;
Identify examples
of descriptive
statistics in the

Identify examples
of inferential
statistics in the

The study utilized descriptive
statistics such as mean to
estimate the relative
distribution of medical
specialists and mean value f...

Goes above and beyond expectations!


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