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What determines the priority of functional groups?

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I know that the list of priority of functional groups goes Carboxylic Acid, Aldehyde, Ketone, Alcohol, Amine, etc... but why is that?

Oct 20th, 2017

[You might ask: what is this based on? It’s an arbitrary agreement by IUPAC, although note that there is some correlation between the oxidation state of the carbon and the priority (more oxidized groups tend to be higher priority). However this really is an example of something you have to either look up , memorize, or have a computer do for you. It’s not conceptual. ]

Please read here for more details : http://www.masterorganicchemistry.com/2011/02/14/table-of-functional-group-priorities-for-nomenclature/


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Jan 8th, 2015

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