“rebirth,” the period in European civilization immediately following the
Middle Ages and conventionally held to have been characterized by a
surge of interest in Classical learning and values. The Renaissance also
witnessed the discovery and exploration of new continents, the
substitution of the Copernican for the Ptolemaic system of astronomy,
the decline of the feudal system and the growth of commerce, and the
invention or application of such potentially powerful innovations as
paper, printing, the mariner’s compass, and gunpowder. To the scholars
and thinkers of the day, however, it was primarily a time of the revival
of Classical learning and wisdom after a long period of cultural
decline and stagnation.
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Jan 8th, 2015
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