The main characteristic of Renaissance English literature is that it was influenced by the ideas of the Renaissance related to art, religion and politics. It was also heavily influenced by classic Greek and Roman literature and ideas.
The poets of the English Renaissance focused on exploring religious and social ideas that their counterparts explored in art. English Renaissance is decadent, and often explores religious themes with a completely different approach than the traditional religious poets.
Another important characteristic of English Renaissance literature is humanism, or an optimistic outlook on humanity. Up until then, the more religiously dominated texts had a dimmer view of humans and their potential.
The most famous example of English Renaissance literature is Shakespeare. Shakespeare was influenced by Greek tragedy, and wrote about historical and social issues. His poetry centered on the aesthetic.