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Biology
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Macroevolution requires the origin of species, also called speciation. Define speciation in more detail and discuss the two types of speciation that occurs, along with real examples of each.

Jan 12th, 2015

Speciation is defined as the formation of new and distinct species in the course of evolution. Speciation involves the splitting of a single evolutionary lineage into two or more genetically independent ones.

here is real life example

1)Disaster strikes:

 A hurricane washes the bananas and the immature fruit flies they contain out to sea. The banana bunch eventually washes up on an island off the coast of the mainland. The fruit flies mature and emerge from their slimy nursery onto the lonely island. The two portions of the population, mainland and island, are now too far apart for gene flow to unite them. At this point, speciation has not occurred — any fruit flies that got back to the mainland could mate and produce healthy offspring with the mainland flies. 

2) So we meet again: 

When another storm reintroduces the island flies to the mainland, they will not readily mate with the mainland flies since they've evolved different courtship behaviors. The few that do mate with the mainland flies, produce inviable eggs because of other genetic differences between the two populations. The lineage has split now that genes cannot flow between the populations. 

Reference:

http://evolution.berkeley.edu/evolibrary/article/evo_42

Please best my answer Thanks.

Jan 12th, 2015

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Jan 12th, 2015
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