Quinnipiac University Anthropology Questions

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1. All of the following are parts of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) EXCEPT: sugar nucleotides phosphate amino acids 0.38462 points QUESTION 2 1. These types of single-celled organisms include bacteria and archaea. Their DNA and organelles are not surrounded by individual membranes. stem endothelial prokaryote eukaryote 0.38462 points QUESTION 3 1. The nucleus, mitochondria, and the golgi body are examples of ____________ in a cell. ribosomes membranes cytoplasm organelles 0.38462 points QUESTION 4 1. Although bacteria are commonly associated with illness, not all bacteria are harmful. True False 0.38462 points QUESTION 5 1. These parts of the cell are often referred to as "powerhouse centers" because they produce energy for the cell in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP). mitochondria lysosomes nucleospores centrioles 0.38462 points QUESTION 6 1. These anthropologists use genetic data to test anthropological questions about such phenomena as: human origins, dispersals, evolution, adaptation, demography, health, disease, behavior, and animal domestication. molecular anthropologists medical anthropologists forensic anthropologists Mendelian anthropologists 0.38462 points QUESTION 7 1. Using X-ray crystallography, ____ provided the original image that clearly showed the double helix shape of DNA. Francis Crick James Watson Rosalind Franklin Maurice Wilkins 0.38462 points QUESTION 8 1. To organize DNA in a cell it undergoes coiling. First, DNA is first wrapped around proteins called __(1)__. This creates a complex called chromatin, which resembles “beads on a string”. Next, chromatin is further coiled into a __(2)__, of which human body cells typically have 46. (1) histones; (2) centromeres (1) base pairs; (2) euchromatin (1) base pairs; (2) chromosomes (1) histones; (2) chromosomes 0.38462 points QUESTION 9 1. Most human cells are __(1)__ meaning they come in matching pairs of chromosomes (one set from each parent). Gametes are _(2)___, meaning they only have one set of chromosomes. (1) haploid; (2) aneuploid (1) haploid; (2) diploid (1) diploid; (2) haploid (1) diploid; (2) aneuploid 0.38462 points QUESTION 10 1. All of the following are true of meiosis EXCEPT that meiosis: includes a step where homologous chromosomes recombine produces daughter cells identical to the parent cell goes through two phases of cell division produces four daughter cells 0.38462 points QUESTION 11 1. A segment of DNA that codes for RNA, and can vary in length from a few hundred to as many as two million base pairs in length best defines a(n): sex cell enzyme gene gamete 0.38462 points QUESTION 12 1. Transcription occurs in the . cytoplasm ribosome messenger RNA nucleus 0.38462 points QUESTION 13 1. Which of the following is found in RNA but not DNA? uracil thymine guanine adenine 0.38462 points QUESTION 14 1. Alternate versions (copies) of a gene, that may result in different phenotypic expressions of a trait, are: homologous traits alleles loci genes 0.38462 points QUESTION 15 1. When two heterozygous parents reproduce (e.g. Bb x Bb), what type(s) of offspring can they produce? homozygous only heterozygous only hemizygous only both heterozygous and homozygous 0.38462 points QUESTION 16 1. By studying pea plant physical traits (e.g., flower color) this individual showed that traits are passed down separately to the next generation in a statistically predictable manner. Charles Darwin Gregor Mendel Karl Landsteiner James Watson 0.38462 points QUESTION 17 1. Proteins that coat the surface of red blood cells are called: antigens antibodies agglutinations blood clots 0.38462 points QUESTION 18 1. All of the following are true about recessive traits and their inheritance in a family (as represented on a pedigree), EXCEPT: they can skip generations a parent that is heterozygous has a 50% chance of passing on their affected chromosome a parent that has the trait will always have a child with that trait if a child has the trait, both of their parents are carriers (or have) the trait 0.38462 points QUESTION 19 1. Mutations in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes can affect crucial processes such as DNA repair, which can lead to breast and ovarian cancers. Although BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations have an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance, it does not mean an individual will develop cancer if they inherit a pathogenic allele. This phenomena is an example of: co-dominance incomplete dominance penetrance polygenic traits 0.38462 points QUESTION 20 1. The majority of human traits are influenced by a single gene. True False 0.38462 points QUESTION 21 1. The presence of over 700 genes involved in height determination is an example of (a): polygenic trait polymorphism pleiotropy dominant trait 0.38462 points QUESTION 22 1. The study of how gene expression is turned on and off and which considers the interactions between DNA, RNA, proteins, and the environment is called: epigenetics phylogenetics polygenetics population genetics 0.38462 points QUESTION 23 1. All of the following are true about our human genome, EXCEPT: it consists of about three billion base pairs we are still learning how genes are linked to complex traits and diseases we share about 98.8% of our genome with chimpanzees genes, or coding segments, make up the vast majority of our genome. 0.38462 points QUESTION 24 1. Which technology can be utilized to sequence the entire human genome by analyzing millions of sequences within a single machine run? Sanger sequencing microarray technology polymerase chain reaction (PCR) next generation sequencing 0.38462 points QUESTION 25 1. Anthropologists encourage people to take ancestry DNA tests since their results are accurate and precise. True False
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Multiple choice answers:
1. Amino acids.
2. Prokaryote
3. Orga...

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