Ethical theories model provide a framework to differentiate between socially acceptable and not acceptable behaviors. Utilitarianism develops the nature of an action on the basis of its consequences. Deontologic theory or the theory of duties defines actions to be good or bad on the basis of intentions of the person involved in that action.
When one considers what is right or correct, it is considered within the context of a situation, the available facts, cultural backgrounds of persons in the situation, and beliefs and attitudes various key players bring to the situation.Ethical decision-making models/frameworks are valuable tools that can assist clinicians in addressing ethical dilemmas. The tools should be sensitive to human needs, responsive to contextual considerations, and should emphasize the uniqueness of each situation.