(6.) Read the excerpt from the informational text “The Cold War”:
These tensions over Western governments vs. communism resulted in the Cold War—a many-years-long war of words that led to an arms race to deter, or prevent, an attack from nations on the opposite side of the Iron Curtain.
Which statement best clarifies the information in the excerpt without changing its meaning?
1. The battleground of the Cold War was unusual in that it was not a war fought on land.
2. The Cold War was a result of the Iron Curtain, which caused conflict between the U.S. and Russia.
3. Western governments and communists fought over the attacks that occurred across the Iron Curtain.
4. An arms race occurred when the Western governments and the communists responded to an attack.
(7.) What detail helps characterize the credibility of the article “Yellowstone Ecosystem Needs Wolves and Willows, Elk and …Beavers?” by Cheryl Dybas?
1. The article consults multiple sources that all express the same opinion on the same topic.
2. The article relies on source information that is no more than five years old.
3. The article uses specific technical language.
4. The article references scientific research studies to support its claims.
(8.) Read the excerpt from Ronald Reagan’s “Tear Down This Wall” speech:
We come to Berlin, we American presidents, because it's our duty to speak, in this place, of freedom.
Why does Reagan draw attention to the fact that he is the president?
1. to show that he has the authority to speak on his topic
2. to show that he is the only person who can speak on this topic
3. to make the audience feel sentimental about his topic
4. to make the audience feel intimidated by his knowledge about the topic
(9.) Read the excerpt from Ronald Reagan’s “Tear Down This Wall” speech:
In Europe, only one nation and those it controls refuse to join the community of freedom. Yet in this age of redoubled economic growth, of information and innovation, the Soviet Union faces a choice: It must make fundamental changes, or it will become obsolete.
Which definition of the underlined word best clarifies the meaning of the excerpt?
1. so powerful that it cannot be controlled
2. so revolutionary that it cannot be contested
3. so out of touch that it is no longer aggressive
4. so out of date that it is no longer useful
(10.)Read the excerpt from Ronald Reagan’s “Tear Down This Wall” speech:
Today thus represents a moment of hope. We in the West stand ready to cooperate with the East to promote true openness, to break down barriers that separate people, to create a safe, freer world. And surely there is no better place than Berlin, the meeting place of East and West, to make a start. Free people of Berlin: Today, as in the past, the United States stands for the strict observance and full implementation of all parts of the Four Power Agreement of 1971. Let us use this occasion, the 750th anniversary of this city, to usher in a new era, to seek a still fuller, richer life for the Berlin of the future. Together, let us maintain and develop the ties between the Federal Republic and the Western sectors of Berlin, which is permitted by the 1971 agreement.
Which strategy would best help someone clarify this excerpt without changing its meaning?
1. Underline all the words you don’t know and ask the teacher their definition.
2. Skim the passage to try to determine a cause-and-effect relationship between ideas.
3. Scan the paragraphs before and after the passage to gain an understanding of the significance of the 1971 agreement.
4. Mark up the text to note its main idea, supporting information and examples, and conclusion.