(11.) Which quote indicates Reagan’s admiration for Berlin?
1 "We come to Berlin, we American presidents, because it’s our duty to speak, in this place, of freedom."
2. "We’re drawn here by other things as well: by the feeling of history in this city, more than 500 years older than our own nation. . . ."
3. "Behind me stands a wall that encircles the free sectors of this city, part of a vast system of barriers that divides the entire continent of Europe."
4. "From the Baltic, south, those barriers cut across Germany in a gash of barbed wire, concrete, dog runs, and guard towers."
(12.) Which phrase is commonly found in political speeches?
1. the free world
2. comrades in arms
3. ideals of freedom and justice
4. in distant lands
(13.) The purpose of persuasive text is to _____.
1. inform the reader
2. instruct the reader
3. entertain the reader
4. convince the reader
(14.)What is the best definition of fallacious reasoning?
1. when the writing is revealed to be full of outright lies
2. logic that is intended to mislead the writer
3. when the writer unknowingly uses faulty logic
4. when the premises of an argument do not offer enough support for the conclusion
(15.) Review the example of fallacious reasoning from Reagan’s “Tear Down This Wall” speech:
To those listening throughout Eastern Europe, a special word: Although I cannot be with you, I address my remarks to you just as surely as to those standing here before me. For I join you, as I join your fellow countrymen in the West, in this firm, this unalterable belief: Es gibt u rein Berlin. [There is only one Berlin.]
What type of fallacious reasoning is in this excerpt?
1. non sequitur
2. ad hominem
3. hasty generalizations
4. begging the question