Research Question: Caffeine: How Does It Affect Our Health
1)Knapik, J.J.; Trone, D.W.; McGraw, S.; Steelman, R.A.; Austin, K.G.; Lieberman, H.R. Caffeine Use
among Active Duty Navy and Marine Corps Personnel. Nutrients 2016, 8, 620.
This Scholarly journal article provide another point of view and interpretation of data drawn
from a survey which was conducted by the National l Health and Nutrition Examination. The authors
come from a military physicians, U.S. Army Public Health Command, and Naval Health Research
Center...etc. The authors propose of writing this article was to provide statistics and data of caffeine use
among active duty and marine corps personal and compare them to previous studies. The intended
audience in this article is probably going to be usual coffee users and marine corps personal with active
duty navy. The research conducted in this matter was not only considering caffeine consumption it also
includes Tea, Energy drinks, Soda, Gum and medication. In other words, any form of sugar or caffeine. In
these data, it shown that personal from the age of 18 to 35 consume more than half of personals in the
study. Which indicates that younger active personals consume more coffee and older people switch to tea
2)Vera, Nathalie. "Coffee and College Students: A Harmful Relationship?" The Bottom Line.
N.p., 29 Oct. 2013. Web. 23 Mar. 2017.
This is a journal published by a staff writer named Nathalie Vera on The Bottom Line webpage.
It provides several arguments and reasoning for misuse of caffeine to the amount which makes it
addictive in college students. The purpose of this article is to provide certain information that
drinking coffee itself is not harmful to the human body but as everything, consuming too much
of something can have catastrophic consonances. Several conclusions have been made in the
article. One o them is that caffeine may not be addictive but after drinking it daily the body likes.
Perhaps that’s why it takes five to six hours for the body to eliminate about half the caffeine in a
cup of coffee. Overall, doing anything in moderation is all what a person should do in order to be
healthy.as been stated before that consuming too much cups of coffee can do more harm than
good if a student pull an all nightery.
3)"Nancy Snyderman debunks new coffee study." TODAY.com. N.p., 16 Aug. 2013. Web. 24
This is a video of NBC medical correspondent Nancy Snyderman. The purpose of this video is to
argue that there are major holes in a new study that says people who drink more than four cups of
coffee a day have a significantly increased risk of death. The intended audience in this video is the
average American coffee consumer or world-wide coffee consumers. Personally, I don’t think this
illustrates a good scientific reasoning, what I would do if I were working in NBC is that I would
provide an expert scientist in this matter and I would let him explain his argument based on several
experiments and why he thinks that those evidences are correct for the viewer to believe in this stuff.
Overall, this is beneficial for me only as what the media sometimes mention and what it does to
make people believe which what the media is used to do.
4)Scott. "Why Coffee Makes You Tired and Sleepy." Driftaway Coffee. N.p., 11 Apr. 2016. Web.
24 Mar. 2017.
This is a web-page article that was written by Scott which is a professional writer for Driftaway
Coffee. He worked as a barista for eight years, but today prefers to enjoy his beverages from the
other side of the counter as a writer. His article interduces several reasons and explanations of
why does consuming coffee makes you sleepy and tired. As always this is a very general topic
that everybody who consumes coffee should be interested in. It is true that the author is
professional in working as a barista, but I don’t think working as a barista makes you an expert
in the body counter reaction to coffee consumptions illustrate, the reasoning mentioned in the
article is not based on any studies or data, which makes it less desired to be used in the research
but good for reading it and knowing more about regular coffee consumer and professional barista
IMPORTANT NOTE ABOUT THESE ANNOTATIONS
YOUR annotations will be longer. These examples were written without the context of a particular
assignment. They, therefore, lack comments related to their value in such a context. YOU, however,
would need to have such comments in your own annotations. You would also have more comparative
statements to make, statements relating one information source to another in your bibliography.
In some cases, too, your instructor will be asking you to explain where and how you found each particular
item. For example, for the first item listed below, I would add a sentence like this: “I found this book in
OSCAR by doing a keyword search under tiananmen square.” For the 2nd one, it might be: "I found this
article using the Historical Abstracts database and searching under the phrase, “tiananmen square.” The
one, a webpage, you would say what web search tool you used, as in, “I found this webpage using intute
and searching under the keywords tiananmen square."
Simmie, S. & Nixon, B. (1990) Tiananmen Square. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
This book is a combination of eye-witness account or diary and interviews conducted in 1988 with various
Chinese intellectuals and artists. The authors are Canadian journalists who have worked for China Central
Television and spent long periods in China. They were working on a book on the experiences of China's artists
and intellectuals during the many upheavals and purges under 40 years of Communist rule when the student
movement leading up to the June 4 massacre began. Interspersing the 1988 interviews with the description of
the Spring, 1989 uprising demonstrates how Chinese history shaped the events of April-June, 1989. The authors
give very little personal comment but let the chronicle of events, interviews, and translations of key documents
and speeches do the speaking. This is not a scholarly work, but it has more authority and authenticity than Time
Magazine's “Massacre in Beijing”, and a great deal more depth and substance than Salisbury's Tiananmen Diary.
Esherick, J. W. & Wasserstron, J. N. (1990, November) "Acting out democracy: political
theater in modern China." Journal of Asian Studies, 49, 835-865.
This scholarly journal article provides an uncommon interpretation of the events of April-June, 1989 in
Beijing. The authors are history professors at American universities with recent firsthand experience in China.
They base their article on research, personal observation and the written and pictorial records of events. Their
stated goal is to create a framework in which to interpret the events that will place them within the context of
Chinese political history and permit comparison with recent similar events in Eastern Europe. The conclusion
drawn is that the events of April-June, 1989, in Beijing were not related to Western participatory democracy but
rather to traditional Chinese forms and ideas and are characterized as political theater. As such, they are full of
symbols and scripts with unique Chinese historical bases.
CNN. (2001) Tiananmen Revisited 1989-2001. Retrieved February 14, 2006, from
This cite was created by CNN to commemorate the June, 1989 massacre of student protestors by the
Chinese Army in Tiananmen Square. It provides links to news stories about the controversial “Tiananmen
papers", a Who's Who of Chinese government officials involved at the time, access to a few relevant news
stories since 1989, and, most significantly, several videos, available in different media formats, photos and audios
that constitute eyewitness accounts of the events at the time.
Writing an Annotation
AN ANNOTATION IS A LOT MORE THAN A SUMMARY!
Your annotation should begin with a complete bibliographic citation using the style manual of your, or your instructor's,
choice. This is followed by the annotation. In general, the contents of the annotation should answer the questions listed
below. They are of two types, general description and critical comment. However, the relevance of particular questions will
vary somewhat depending on the topic and other parameters your instructor sets for the bibliography.
GENERAL DESCRIPTION The information required to answer these questions should be found in the item itself
with careful reading of some parts you probably usually disregard, such as prefatory remarks, introductions, etc. Be
sure, also, to scan the Table of Contents for a special section with information about the authors/contributors of
multi-authored works. Some questions apply only to certain formats. In the case of periodical articles, it may be
necessary to consult an entire issue to answer some questions. If you retrieved the article online, you should also
consider finding the homepage for the periodical. We also have a database, Ulrichsweb, which gives short descriptions
of periodicals and will also lead you to its official webpage.
What kind of work is it? Book? Chapter? Essay? Popular magazine article? Scholarly journal article? Webpage?
Who is/are the author(s)? Consider background, position, qualifications. If there are many, as there might be with a
webpage, how would you characterize them as a group?
What was the author's stated purpose or motivation in writing the article or book, or in doing the research, or in
contributing to the webpage?
Who is the intended audience? This includes scholars in a discipline, the general public, workers in an industry,
professionals in a field, people with a shared passion/interest or of a certain age group or political persuasion.
Who is the publisher or sponsor? This is especially relevant if the information source is related to an organization of some
sort. Find out something about them. Find their webpage, mission statement, purpose.
Are there any significant attachments, appendices, statistics, data, images, weblinks, etc. included?
What is the basis for the research or data reported? This would include things like types of information used, methodology,
problem statements, limitations.
What is the scope of the documentation? Look at the different information resources cited, their dates, formats, and quality
as well as quantity.
CRITICAL COMMENT Answering these questions will require some critical thinking on your part. Comparing the
different sources of information you have found on the same topic usually helps.
What aspects of the subject are emphasized? Is the author presenting one particular point of view?
What conclusions are drawn? Issues raised? Are the conclusions drawn justified or adequately substantiated?
Can you detect any biases or fallacies in the arguments or conclusions presented?
Is anything clearly lacking? Do you feel like you have questions about what is or is NOT stated?
If information about the authors/sponsor/publisher was difficult to find or very limited, what does this lead you to believe
about the validity and authority of the information provided?
How effectively is the information presented? Are you left feeling confused? Are there gaps or holes?
Are there any other qualities of the source, like style, organization, or graphics, which effect its usefulness?
Is the work functioning as a primary or secondary source in your research?
How does this particular information source compare with or relate to the others you have read on the topic?
How useful was this work to you in your research? What role did it play?
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