Evidence Based Advanced Pharmacology

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timer Asked: Mar 26th, 2017
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Question Description

USE PROPER APA FORMAT. REFERENCES SHOULD BE LESS THAN 7 YEARS OLD. ALL REFERENCES MUST BE CITED IN-TEXT PROPERLY. I PREFER THE USE OF ELECTRONIC SOURCES FOR REFERENCES. PROVIDE DOI OF REFERENCE OR WEBSITE RETRIEVED FROM. PLEASE BE SPECIFIC AND USE INFORMATION ABOUT MEDICATIONS WITHIN THE RESPONSE.

Assignment 2: Evidence-Based Pharmacology Paper

The purpose of this assignment is to provide an opportunity for you to review an area of interest and apply the concepts you have learned in this course to a patient situation. In clinical decision making, you must combine knowledge and evidence to make a good decision. Using critical thinking and reading skills, you will meet multiple objectives for this assignment.

Criteria

  1. Synthesize relevant information, including research related to the diagnosis and treatment of the selected disorder.
  2. Recognize the assumptions inherent in the current literature and identify any unstated or missing information.
  3. Develop and justify various approaches to the stated problem, including nonpharmacological and pharmacological treatment.
  4. Clearly articulate at least two approaches to the treatment of the condition.
  5. Defend the choice of the treatment option. This must include a reflection on the availability of peer-reviewed information and your analysis of the credibility of that information.
  6. Create a plan for follow-up and referral if needed.

The following are examples of disease states that you might want to study. These are just examples. You can select whatever area is of interest to you.

  • Asthma
  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
  • Hypertension
  • Diabetes Mellitus Type II
  • Major Depression
  • Migraine Headaches
  • Pneumonia
  • Tuberculosis
  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
  • Hyperlipidemia

Submit your answers in a Microsoft Word document of 10–15 pages. Include peer-reviewed references in APA format. Be sure to review the directions and grading criteria to assure that you will cover the content well.

Assignment 2 Grading Criteria

Maximum Points

Described the pathophysiology of the disease process in depth. Included a discussion of the implications of the age continuum for this disease.

20

Discussed the genomic issues inherent in the disease process, including what is known and what is not known.

10

Provided a review of the literature on the basics of the disease and its treatment.

20

Described your approach to collecting this needed information. Included what keywords you used in a literature search, which databases were utilized, and any electronic clinical tools.

10

Identified and utilized at least one published clinical guideline related to the disease process.

10

Described the approach to the treatment of the specific disease, including the various possible approaches.

20

Defended the final selection of the approach for the disease process.

20

Discussed follow-up treatment, along with any referrals.

10

Utilized a minimum of five peer-reviewed articles published within the last seven years.

10

Provided references in APA style.

20

Total:

150




Tutor Answer

teacherbrox
School: University of Maryland

Attached.

Running head: HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS (HIV) PHARMACOLOGY

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Pharmacology
Student’s Name

Institution

2
HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS (HIV) PHARMACOLOGY

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Pharmacology
Introduction
Human immune deficiency virus is a lentivirus that attacks the human immune system
and of which is very hard to get rid of. HIV attacks the CD4 cells which are entitled to helping
the immune system fight diseases. The body becomes vulnerable to diseases as the virus
continuous developing and spreading in the body with the consistent reduction of the CD4 cells.
Overtime, the infection becomes so opportunistic in such a way that the body can’t even fight the
simple infections. At this phase, it becomes clear that the person has AIDS, which is the stage of
the disease.
Scientists have been spending sleepless nights with the aim of finding the cure for this
virus. It’s so devastating to find that they have not even come to any close range of finding the
treatment for this virus. All the same, they should be credited for the discovery of the
antiretroviral (ARV) drugs which suppress the rapid progression of the disease. However, it's
shameful to find that the disease is still taking people’s lives as a result of lack of effective
treatment despite the technology at disposal.
The only sure way to know if we have this virus in our body is by going through a HIV
test. Many health centers offer this service for free which is one of the many strategies the
government has to establish in place with the aim of controlling the spread of the virus. In some
intense health services, it’s compulsory for every patient to undergo the test before he/ she get
health services for other diseases. This helps the health officers to determine how vulnerable the
patient is to attacks by other diseases.

3
HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS (HIV) PHARMACOLOGY

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, AIDS is described as the final stage of the HIV
infection which not each HIV victim go through this stage (Wang, 2015). This stage is
characterized by various physical symptoms which become clear to everyone. The stage occurs
when the immune system is badly deteriorated and cannot even stand a simple infection. A
wound that would usually take two weeks to heal can cause a lot of trouble before it heals for
patients at this stage. The wound can turn to be a part of the patient’s life by failing to heal until
the demise of the patient. This is as a consequence of the CD4 cells falling below 200 cells per
cubic milliliter of blood. (200cells/mm3)
Literature review
There exists plenty of literature works pertaining the HIV which has been a catastrophe
all over the globe for the last decade. Various scientists have focused their attention on
understanding and expounding on this monster disease. This is evident from the various article
sources which try to give an insight to the disease. There have been numerous theories that have
been developed with the aim of explaining the history and development the disease.
Origin of the disease.
There exists conspires theories surrounding the origin and the spread of the HIV disease.
In the first place, some people still have not acknowledged that the disease exists. Some argue
that the disease is a man-made one while others believe that it originated from sex with a
monkey. According to the 2005 survey carried by United Nations, some religious leaders
strongly believe that the disease was created by God to control the shaming sexual behaviors.
Some of these readers said that scientists would never discover any treatment for this disease.

4
HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS (HIV) PHARMACOLOGY

Scientists have argued that the virus originated from a certain type of chimpanzee in The
Central Africa. They believe that the animal had a related version of the immunodeficiency virus
called SIV that was very close to today’s HIV. The virus was transmitted to human beings when
people hunted down and ate this chimpanzee with the disease. According to Martine 2014,
Coming into contact with the infected blood from these apes was the core origin of the disease
(Martine Peeters, 2014). This event is rated to have occurred in the early 1800s. Over the
decades, the virus manifested itself in the better parts of the Africa continent and then slowly
spread to the rest of the world particularly in the colonization era. In the United States of
America, the disease is believed to have reached in the mid-to-late 1970s.
Acquired I...

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Anonymous
Top quality work from this guy! I'll be back!

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