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Odyssey Guided Reading Questions The questions below are not meant to be exhaustive in terms of structure or theme; they are meant to provoke thought about some of the more important characters, themes, and events in our text. Book 5 1. What sort of character is Calypso? How long does Odysseus stay on her island? What is the source of Calypso's power over Odysseus? To what extent does she help Odysseus or hinder him once the decision to let him go is forced upon her by Hermes? 2. How does Odysseus respond to the shipwreck that he meets upon leaving Calypso? Follow the motions of his spirit as he struggles to save himself - that is, track how the poet represents Odysseus' emotions and thoughts during and after the shipwreck. Book 6 3. How is the behavior of Nausicaa, the young Phaeacian princess who discovers Odysseus washed up on the shore, appropriate to the situation? What makes her an admirable character? 4. How does Odysseus treat Nausicaa? Book 8 5. What effect does the song sung by the harper Demodocus have upon Odysseus? Demodocus sings again later in the book - again, with what effect on Odysseus? Is the latter's response different from what we would expect of modern-day "heroes"? 6. How does Odysseus respond to the challenge of Broadsea? What Odyssean qualities shine through in this episode of athletic competition? Book 9 7. When does Odysseus reveal his identity? How has he been careful in keeping that information to himself from Books 5-8? 8. List Odysseus' tales in the order that he tells them. What patterns of meaning do you find emerging from this order? 9. Patterns aside, what do the individual stories Odysseus recounts tell us about him and his men? For example, what makes Odysseus a worthy leader? Does he make mistakes while leading his men? How is he better than his men? Are there dangers in his strengths? 10. This is actually a question for books 9-12 as a unit, but I'll ask it here: why is it important that Odysseus recount all his wanderings as past events? Why doesn't Homer simply construct his epic as a linear (i.e. "straight-line") progression of events from the Trojan War onward? Book 10 11. What sort of character is Circe? Why (aside from her magic) is she able to turn Odysseus' men into swine? What have they done to offend her, or what weakness do they show? 12. What makes Odysseus succumb for a time to Circe's enticements? What is his mistake here? 13. Why does Odysseus need to visit Hades (the Greek Underworld) and consult with Tiresias the blind prophet of Thebes? Book 11 14. What does Odysseus learn from Tiresias in Hades? What other characters does Odysseus speak with, and what does he learn from them? 15. In general, how would you characterize Odysseus' attitude towards his journey to the Underworld? That is, what does the episode tell us about him? 16. What is the Greek Underworld (Hades) like? How is it unlike the Christian Hell? Book 12 17. Odysseus returns to Circe's island after his visit to Hades. What adventures still await him? Again, what do those adventures tell us about Odysseus as a hero? 1) Read the notes/introduction starting on page 222 in your Volume A anthology. You will want to have the Homer guided reading questions on hand as you read. 2) You DO NOT have to read all of The Odyssey! Read the following "books" in your World Lit book: Books 5-6, 8-12 Then visit the modern version website (on the next screen) and read Books 20-23. You may want to read some of others there too. Each book has a nice little summary at the top, so you may want to go through each book just to get the highlights. answer the following questions for the piece of literature you read this week: • • • • Setting: When and where does the story take place? Characterization: Who are the main characters of the story? Who is/are the protagonist and antagonist? Are they static or dynamic characters? Does the author use direct exposition or indirect revelation to tell you what the characters are like? Does this story have a “hero”? What makes him/her one? Plot: What is the conflict in the story? What is the climax of the story? What is the resolution of the conflict? Theme: What is/are the main idea(s) in the story? What do you learn from the story? How are the themes of the story observed in life and society today? NOTE: Please be sure to write your answers in complete and coherent sentences, and answer ALL the questions posed! Do not attach your answers as a document.. Use evidence from the books to support YOUR answers. ...
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School: Rice University


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The Odyssey
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They story took place at a place now called Trapani at the West coast sides of Sicily.
The story was written in 1897.
The main characters of the story are Odyssey and the gods. The gods plays as
antagonist and Odyssey the Protagonist. They are static characters. As the story begins, their
roles get built up and pick the season to the climax. Whatever happens is connected to their
characterization. The author uses both direct exposition and indirect revelation to show what
the characters are like. He uses other characters to reveal how other are at the same time, he
exposes the characters based on what they say and their roles in the book.
Does this story have a “hero”?
Yes the story has a hero whose characterization keeps the story moving. Odysseus is
the hero of the story. It makes him a hero because he had to go through a lot to regain his
throne back. Classicall...

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