Intro and Literature Review Marijuana Legalization

timer Asked: Mar 28th, 2017
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Question Description

Introduction (9-12 well-developed sentences/approximately 350 words): For more details about what is expected for each of the following sentences, please see “Lesson 4: The Introduction.” You may also want to review the “Example Introduction and Literature Review (with comments).” The following components must be included in the introduction (in the following order).

    • Sentence 1: Introduce the general topic
    • Sentence 2: Pro side (general)
    • Sentence 3: Con side (general)
    • Sentence 4: Narrow the scope (1)
    • Sentence 5: Examples of the narrowed topic
    • Sentence 6: Narrow the scope (2)
    • Sentence 7: Specific controversy
    • Sentence 8: Pro side (specific)
    • Sentence 9: Con side (specific)
    • Sentence 10: The thesis
  • Literature Review (800-900 words): For details about the structure of the literature review, you will want to review “Lesson 3: The Literature Review: The Process.” You may also want to review the “Example Introduction and Literature Review (with comments).” The link is below.

Tutor Answer

School: Carnegie Mellon University



Legalization of Marijuana
Joshua Gulley
Columbia Southern University




The topic is the Legalization of Marijuana in the Unites States. The general pros
revolving around the legalization of marijuana includes the following; low or no intake of
marijuana reduces crimes, it improves public health, increases the revenues collected by the
states because people are more concentrated on their work, stimulates the economy’s growth
and development, bolsters traffic safety, and reduces criminal expenditures. On the other
hand, the general cons of marijuana legalization include the following; marijuana intake has
led to an increase in the number of student dropout in schools, reduces teen education
achievement, and increase infertility among adults.
The topic can be narrowed down into effects on marijuana legalization on health and
recreational purposes. For example, the naysayers tend to argue that the health effects
marijuana include; causing tuberculosis and cirrhosis. These are some of the major and
serious health conditions associated with marijuana intake. There are many different illnesses
on the list. The topic can be narrow further to the most affected in terms of age such as
children and adults. The idea here is to determine whether the legalization of marijuana has
affected mostly the children, teenagers, adults, or the aging population.
The specific controversy here is that many people tend to question the health effects
of marijuana to the users and whether it is sustainable in the long-run. Most of the supporters
tend to believe that marijuana improves the health of the users since it is used for treatments
of terminal diseases and others.
The specific pros side of the controversy is that those who support the idea of
legalization tend to argue that it has positive effects on the health sector especially in the
treatment of diseases. They also say that marijuana does not contain any harmful components
like normal cigarettes that cause terminal diseases like cancer. The con side of the



controversy is that naysayers argue that legalization of marijuana has caused a wanton
increase in crime and traffic accidents. The naysayers tend to believe that increase in crime
among the youths is as a result of the legalization of marijuana. The thesis statement is that
legalization of marijuana has more benefits as compared to its demerits.
Literature Review
Dills et al. (2016) conducted a study to determine the positive and negative effects of
marijuana legalization. Dills et al. (2016) found that the use of marijuana for recreational
purpose helps to raise reduce crimes, improve public health, revenues for the states, stimulate
the economy, bolsters traffic safety, and reduces criminal expenditures. On the same line of
thought, Guttmannova et al. (2015) found that marijuana increase student’s dropout in
schools reduces teen education achievement, and increase infertility among adults.
A study by Dills et al. (2016) further found that marijuana legalization for recreational
uses has minimal effects crimes and other related outcomes. The general findings are that
marijuana bolsters traffic safety, raises revenues for the states, reduces crimes, stimulate the
economy, improve public health, and no effect on the criminal expenditure. The absence of
adverse negative effects indicates that marijuana is very important to various sectors of the
Guttmannova et al. (2015) conducted a study on the impact of the change of the
marijuana policies on alcohol use in the American. Their research reveals that marijuana
policies have contributed to the reduction in alcohol use while other policies have increased
the use of alcohol and marijuana. Guttmannova and others concluded that the effects of
legalization o...

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