project creating a power point presentation on the history of sociology.

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The first semester long project for this course is the project creating a power point presentation on the history of sociology. In this presentation, you will want to address the origins of sociology, the important early theorists and the theories contributed by them, and how sociology as a field of inquiry has evolved and progressed. You are free to add any elements to the power point that you want; video files, web links, audio files, etc.

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Power Point Project Assignment The first semester long project for this course is the project creating a power point presentation on the history of sociology. In this presentation, you will want to address the origins of sociology, the important early theorists and the theories contributed by them, and how sociology as a field of inquiry has evolved and progressed. You are free to add any elements to the power point that you want; video files, web links, audio files, etc. Power Point Instructions: • • • • • You should create at least 30 slides for the final power point. In the power point, you will want to make sure you include the theoretical perspectives, and both the classic and contemporary sociological theorists. You should include research methods in your presentation as well. You will want to trace the early history of sociology up to at least the latter half of the twentieth century, although you can go all the way up to current sociology in the early twenty-first century. All sources should be listed on the final slide(s) in the power point, formatted for a bibliography. SOCI 111-Introduction to Sociology Annotated Bibliography Adams, B. N., & Sydie, R. A. (2002). Classical sociological theory. Thousand Oaks, Calif: Pine Forge Press. This book creates a concise yet comprehensive explanation and illustration of the classical sociological theory with a focus towards positivism and enlightenment, industrial revolution or what is commonly referred to as the Darwin theory, and concludes by explaining a number of theorists and their input to the topic. In this case, the author insists on science as the driving factor towards the drastic changes that occurred both in the past as well as in our day to day lives. Like many other sociological books, this book does not rely on additional studies; rather, it is just an expounding of the findings and illustrations of the original classical sociological theory. This book gives fascinating relationships between the various application areas of classical sociological theory with a clear explanation. It will be utilized in understanding the classical sociological theory and the input of pivotal theories as well as its application. These pivotal theories include the classical sub-theories such as positivism that shape the understanding of the general classical social theory. Brinkerhoff, D. B., Weitz, R., & Ortega, S. T. (2014). Essentials of sociology. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Cengage Learning This book begins by giving various definitions and illustrations into the field of sociology that helps in acquainting the reader with its relationship to the society. However, the book goes ahead to relate the individual, family, communal, and societal virtues to various sociological terms and an inference of these to an individual. Unlike Giddens, Duneier, Appelbaum & Carr (2016) and Farley & Flota (2006), the authors in this book take a simplified approach for every stage of sociology that makes it easy to understand before the stages are combined to give various principles and real life explanations. They insist that racial, sexual, gender, health and healthcare, culture, socialization, deviance, and social structures all begin at individual levels before they can be extended to family structures and beyond to the society. This book is of great significance in understanding the basic terms in the topic and understanding the role of an individual within the society from a sociological point of view. This understanding of these fundamental terms will necessitate the creation of a good foundation for advanced sections in the field of sociology. Cox, R. (January 01, 2014). Critical Theory. International Organization and Global Governance, 157-168. In this article, Cox explores the historical, social, as well as ideological forces that are responsible for creating and constraining the culture of a particular group or society. In this case, evaluates each structure independently in a move to obtain clear explanations whose merging will develop a comprehensive and clear illustration of the culture. Unlike other critical theory authors, Cox relies on scientific research that aims to prove the validity of the underlying structures so as to justify the theory. Notably, most critical theory authors concentrate on expounding the existing understanding of the theories without substantiating the underlying principles. Cox finds that history and the social structures of society are responsible for shaping the current social state as well as that of the future within the society. In this regard, a discord at one time will lead to anomalies and deviations at some other point in the future. This article is significant to understanding sociology as a topic due to its rich and substantiated facts as well as a thorough approach to the critical theory. Moreover, this is among the most significant theories in the field of sociology. Farley, John E., & Flota, Michael. (2016). Sociology. Routledge. This book gives an insight to the topic by explaining every occurrence as well as the relationship that exists between the various phenomena. In this case, it presents a strong and concrete foundation through an illustration of the topic and its history as well as how it can be applied to understand the current society. The authors take a broad approach that brainstorms the various principles that the reader will expect to find in other advanced areas within the topic. The authors take a similar approach to Giddens, Duneier, Appelbaum & Carr (2016) in its illustrations and basic explanation which basically approaches the topic from a shallow but broad perspective. The book is a masterpiece in introducing the topic and more so to those who are not acquainted with the various sociological theories. The book will be used to create an understanding to the sociological principles before digging into deeper areas within the topic. Its introduction of social theories will also be used as a foundation towards their exploration at other sections of the topic. Giddens, A., Duneier, M., Appelbaum, R. P., & Carr, D. S. (2016). Introduction to sociology. New York, N.Y.: W.W. Norton & Company, Inc In this book, the authors take a broader approach towards the topic of sociology from both a societal as well as a global viewpoint. This book addresses the new learners to the topic in its attempt to explain various principles of sociology as well as its form within the society. Similar to Farley & Flota (2006), the authors explore various areas that sociology finds its application such as global inequality, gender inequality, aging, ethnicity, as well as the government structures and their inference to the society. According to the book, every behavior within the society has a sociological explanation that regarding its occurrence. In this case, a link exists between the social change, power structures, culture, and social institutions. This book is significant to this unit since it gives a general but wider insight into the topic with a clear illustration that is easy to comprehend. Go, J. (2013). Postcolonial Sociology. Bingley, U.K: Emerald. In this book, Go evaluates the sociology of the US in the periods beginning 19th century after the US gained independence. In this case, the author uses the argument of various theorists such as Max Weber, Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim, and Robert Park to create an inference of the sociology of the life of the 19th century. The post-colonial period has for long been considered as the period when drastic changes were experienced in the US particularly since the same period saw the onset of industrial period. Unlike many sociologists in the history of US, Go creates a new and informed version of the postcolonial criticism that is applied to understanding the lives of the Americans both at the time of slavery as well as after. According to the author, the post-colonial period was characterized by many instances of race, hybridity, and various other changes from the life that the Americans were used to. This material is important as it gives a breakthrough into the 19th century sociology and the changes that have resulted from the shift from slavery to freedom. Horster, N. (1998). Principles of exchange and power: Integrating the theory of social institutions and the theory of value. New York: P. Lang. In this book, Horster uses the theory of social institutions, simply known as the theory of power, to explain the development and inference of the exchange theory from both an economic, power, as well as institutional perspective. In this regard, the author identifies major weaknesses in other sub-theories such as economic which can be well understood by making use of the exchange theory. Everything that relies on time has a transitional point that will see a change at some point or the other. Unlike other books used in this annotation, this book uses an indirect method that explores other theories in order to explain the exchange theory and then uses the theory to establish an understanding of other different theories. According to the book, social exchange theory, under the support of other theories such as the game theory, is very successful in explaining the general equilibrium at both institutional as well as societal level. This book will be utilized in understanding the exchange theory as well as its link to other major theories such as postmodernism, critical, and classical social theory. Together, these theories are sufficient to create a clear understanding of sociology. Lash, D. S. (2014). Sociology of Postmodernism. Hoboken: Taylor and Francis. This book uses various sociological theories to explain post-modernization as well as differentiate between modernization and postmodernization. Through a number of theories such as industrialization, positivism, and the Max Weber theories, Lash illustrates the various phases which the world has undergone to achieve the post-modernization that is present in some sections of the world and more so in developed countries. Like other sociologists, Lash relies on a wide number of theories and their combination so as to explain the subject. In this case, he finds that various developments in these regions have their basis on the Darwin theory of industrialization. The faster a region adopted this phenomenon, the faster it was able to develop and grow. This book forms a very significant reference due to its use and intertwining of various theories into one major theory to explain a complex phenomenon as was the case with modernism and postmodernism. Longo, M. (2016). Fiction and social reality: Literature and narrative as sociological resources. London: Routledge. Literature has been among the most effective methods of dissecting a subjecting, analyzing it, and presenting it in the most elaborate and coherent ways. In this book, Longo uses a wide literature-oriented nature to illustrate the social reality through the use of social theories and the relationship between the various cultural, perceptional, structural, and artistic understanding of the society and its social interactions. Unlike most sociologists who seem to take a classical stance in their explanations, Longo uses narration and linking of ideas to come up with an explanation of various phenomena. In this case, every cultural or social action within the society has another phenomenon that is linked to it and whose understanding or establishment of a link with the current action can lead to the understanding of the action. The author determines that sociology and sociological understanding is the basis of understanding mankind. However, one has to possess the art of interlinking a number of inferences in order to gain a clear understanding of the underlying issues. This book will be applied in the understanding of various social realities and how they came to be within the society. Additionally, it will create a foundation for understanding how these social realities can be intertwined so as to gain an understanding of the society. Martell, L. (2010). The sociology of globalization. Cambridge: Polity. This book explores the history of sociology and various historical changes within the world and attempts to explain them from a sociological viewpoint. In this case, the main focus is placed on globalization where a long history of sociological changes and their influence on globalization are explained. Martell gives an illustration of various changes that have occurred on a global perspective giving an insight to both economic, cultural, as well as power. Unlike many other resources in this annotation, this particular book takes an approach to the major global economies and explains them topic by topic while creating a link between the topics as the book progresses. The authors relate sociological changes as the major causes of shifting position from the US towards China on merits of the global position. The authors use power, social ties, cohesion, inequalities, and motivations to explain these particular changes. Unfortunately, the book appears to give biased facts that are not backed by concretely verified explanations. However, it is a significant material in this study as it gives a clear guide into real life scenarios. Palgrave Macmillan (2011). A Sociology of Immigration: (Re)making Multifaceted America. (A sociology of immigration.) Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. This book attempts to create a bridge between the traditional America, the modern, and the postmodern America in a move to acquaint the reader with the changes that have occurred in the history. The book looks into the lives of American before the onset of immigrants and how the immigrants changed the country. Civic-political and socio-cultural changes and more so their assimilation has been used to create an understanding of these changes as well as what they mean to the natives as well as the immigrants. Notably, the US has among the most diverse cultures and mixed groups of people. Like other books studying the history of US, this book unearths various mechanisms of assimilation and transnational engagements that occurred as a result of the rise in the rate of immigration and the influence that this had on the general atmosphere in the US. The book indicates that immigration, settlement, assimilation, and economic incorporation have been major factors towards the diverse nature of the US as well as its success. This material will be of great significance due to its consistency of a rich source of sociological understanding of the US at various periods. Psathas, G. (January 01, 1997). Sociology In The United States. Contributions to Phenomenology, 18, 659-662. In this article, Psathas takes a general approach to the specific sociological state in the United States. In this case, the researcher uses a number of theories to create a clear understanding of the current social situation in the US while at the same time using them to explain the findings. These theories describe the history of the US which, notably, is more emphatic from the post-colonial era to the modernity 19th and 20th centuries. Unlike many articles and books in the field of sociology, this study uses an ethnomethodology approach that attempts to establish a link between the theories, their theories, and real life situation in the US. The article reveals the US as among the nations with the most complex but elaborate sociologies especially due to its high growth and development levels as well as the major diversities in its people. This article is highly significant and will be of great use as a basis to understand a real life and proven use of sociology to explain real life occurrences and their influence on the society. Redman, P., & Open University. (2008). Attachment: Sociology and social worlds. Manchester: Manchester University Press in association with the Open University. This book introduces the social understanding of attachment in daily social experiences through an exploration of people-people, people-things, as well as the constructivist nature of man. The authors explore how attachment is forged in people as well as how it affects their social worlds through psychoanalysis, anthropology, and constructivist understanding of the nature and life of man. Like many books exploring the global social nature and state, this book employs an elaborate approach that integrates attachment theory and sociology while at the same time considering the various orientations and concerns in the life of man and their inferences. The authors use a psychosocial approach to explaining the relationship that exists on the family basis that is then transferred to the communal as well as societal platforms and how detachment or attachment shapes the cohesion within the society. This book is of great significance in the field of sociology. It presents not only the individual and family nature of attachment but also that on a global magnitude. Ritzer, G. (2013). The Blackwell companion to major social theorists. Malden, Massachusetts : Blackwell Publishers In this book, Ritzer offers an analysis as well as an expert explanation of various theories by majoring on a number of renowned social theorists. These theorists include Max Weber, Carl Marx, Emile Durkheim, and Georg Simmel, and who are among the greatest contributors to the field of sociology. In this case, he presents a biographical sketch of the various theorists, their intellectual and social context, and well as an illustration of their contribution to the field of sociology. Unlike many other sociologists, Ritzer, who possesses many years of experience in the field, insist on the use of bibliographies of the theorists alongside a set of secondary works to illustrate their significance and success. In this case, the author identifies Carl Marx, Max Weber, and Georg Durkheim as the major contributing theorists. Other equally significant theorists include Simmel, DuBois, and Martineau. This book is significant in the study of sociology as it not only explains the theories but also gives a bibliography that illustrates the exact theory. The fact that the author carries out secondary studies to substantiate the work of these theorists further escalate its significance in the field of sociology. Turner, J. H. (2004). Classical sociological theory: A positivist's perspective. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning. In this book, Turner explains the classical sociological theory with a major focus to positivism. According to the author, every occurrence or phenomenon at individual, family, institutional, communal, or societal level has a scientific explanation. Unlike Ashley & Orenstein (2009), Turner takes a specific approach rather than studying a mixture of theories. In this case, he takes a positivism approach to the classical sociological theory without paying much attention to other classical theories. Moreover, positivism is one of the pivotal classical sociological theories. Turner insists that, similar to other phenomena, human and animal behavior does not just occur naturally. Rather, there always a way to explain its occurrence and its nature. This book will be utilized to complement the positivism understanding from Adams & Sydie (2002) illustration of the classical sociological theory. SOCIOLOGY PROJECT OUTLINE Sociology Project Outline I. II. Introduction ▪ History of Sociology general overview ▪ Thesis statement Classical Sociological Theory ▪ Aguste Comte • III. ▪ Industrial revolution ▪ Classical sociological theorists Sociology as a discipline ▪ IV. V. Historical and Epistemological stages Early schools of thought • Karl Marx • Max Weber • Emile Durkheim • Georg Simmel Sociology in the Nineteenth Century ▪ Social, Intellectual and political conditions – Positivism ▪ Interpretive sociology or anti-positivism ...
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Tutor Answer

School: Boston College


SOCI 111-Introduction
to Sociology

What is sociology
The study of human social relations.
It also covers human social institutions.
It involves the study of social behavior.
Different aspects of sociology include origin, development, networks, organization, and institutions.

What is sociology cont’d
Sociology is a multi-disciplinary field.
It finds its application in almost every field.
The field was further expanded in late 20th century and early 21st century.
The increased migration of people adds to the significance of understanding the various societal and
cultural constructs.

History of and general overview of
It is hard to track the exact beginning of sociology due to its broadness.
It dates back as early as the time of Plato.
Some analysts argue it could be more than a millennium ago.
Evidence can be traced in various continents dating centuries ago.

History of and general overview of
Sociology cont’d
Comte and other early sociologists are highly credited for revolutionizing sociology.
Comte’s input on sociology was a unification of psychology, history, and economics.
Social positivism heavily featured in the 19th century.
This period saw the integration of sociology with other disciplines.

History of and general overview of
Sociology cont’d
Sociology advanced greatly in the 18th century.
The increased need to understand to understand human and society led to its increased study.
This was majorly due to the industrial revolution.
Early philosophers such as Karl Marx applied this study to study the basis of the revolution.
Other theorists such as Spencer and Durkheim also lived in this period.
They published many theories based on sociology.

History of and general overview of
Sociology cont’d
Many works of sociologists were published and spread in late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Many great theorists lived and studied the subject during the early 20th century.
Sociology gained popularity and saw its integration in the academic sector.
A lot of research on sociology was conducted and more so in Europe.
Sociology was used to further advance other disciplines.

History of and general overview of
Sociology cont’d
Sociology gained the first inclusion in the academic field in late 1...

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