Power Point Project Assignment
The first semester long project for this course is the project creating a power
point presentation on the history of sociology. In this presentation, you will
want to address the origins of sociology, the important early theorists and the
theories contributed by them, and how sociology as a field of inquiry has
evolved and progressed. You are free to add any elements to the power point
that you want; video files, web links, audio files, etc.
Power Point Instructions:
You should create at least 30 slides for the final power point.
In the power point, you will want to make sure you include the
theoretical perspectives, and both the classic and contemporary
You should include research methods in your presentation as well.
You will want to trace the early history of sociology up to at least the
latter half of the twentieth century, although you can go all the way up
to current sociology in the early twenty-first century.
All sources should be listed on the final slide(s) in the power point,
formatted for a bibliography.
SOCI 111-Introduction to Sociology
Adams, B. N., & Sydie, R. A. (2002). Classical sociological theory. Thousand Oaks, Calif:
Pine Forge Press.
This book creates a concise yet comprehensive explanation and illustration of the
classical sociological theory with a focus towards positivism and enlightenment, industrial
revolution or what is commonly referred to as the Darwin theory, and concludes by explaining
a number of theorists and their input to the topic. In this case, the author insists on science as
the driving factor towards the drastic changes that occurred both in the past as well as in our
day to day lives. Like many other sociological books, this book does not rely on additional
studies; rather, it is just an expounding of the findings and illustrations of the original classical
sociological theory. This book gives fascinating relationships between the various application
areas of classical sociological theory with a clear explanation. It will be utilized in
understanding the classical sociological theory and the input of pivotal theories as well as its
application. These pivotal theories include the classical sub-theories such as positivism that
shape the understanding of the general classical social theory.
Brinkerhoff, D. B., Weitz, R., & Ortega, S. T. (2014). Essentials of sociology. Belmont, CA:
This book begins by giving various definitions and illustrations into the field of
sociology that helps in acquainting the reader with its relationship to the society. However,
the book goes ahead to relate the individual, family, communal, and societal virtues to various
sociological terms and an inference of these to an individual. Unlike Giddens, Duneier,
Appelbaum & Carr (2016) and Farley & Flota (2006), the authors in this book take a
simplified approach for every stage of sociology that makes it easy to understand before the
stages are combined to give various principles and real life explanations. They insist that
racial, sexual, gender, health and healthcare, culture, socialization, deviance, and social
structures all begin at individual levels before they can be extended to family structures and
beyond to the society. This book is of great significance in understanding the basic terms in
the topic and understanding the role of an individual within the society from a sociological
point of view. This understanding of these fundamental terms will necessitate the creation of a
good foundation for advanced sections in the field of sociology.
Cox, R. (January 01, 2014). Critical Theory. International Organization and Global
In this article, Cox explores the historical, social, as well as ideological forces that are
responsible for creating and constraining the culture of a particular group or society. In this
case, evaluates each structure independently in a move to obtain clear explanations whose
merging will develop a comprehensive and clear illustration of the culture. Unlike other
critical theory authors, Cox relies on scientific research that aims to prove the validity of the
underlying structures so as to justify the theory. Notably, most critical theory authors
concentrate on expounding the existing understanding of the theories without substantiating
the underlying principles. Cox finds that history and the social structures of society are
responsible for shaping the current social state as well as that of the future within the society.
In this regard, a discord at one time will lead to anomalies and deviations at some other point
in the future. This article is significant to understanding sociology as a topic due to its rich
and substantiated facts as well as a thorough approach to the critical theory. Moreover, this is
among the most significant theories in the field of sociology.
Farley, John E., & Flota, Michael. (2016). Sociology. Routledge.
This book gives an insight to the topic by explaining every occurrence as well as the
relationship that exists between the various phenomena. In this case, it presents a strong and
concrete foundation through an illustration of the topic and its history as well as how it can be
applied to understand the current society. The authors take a broad approach that brainstorms
the various principles that the reader will expect to find in other advanced areas within the
topic. The authors take a similar approach to Giddens, Duneier, Appelbaum & Carr (2016) in
its illustrations and basic explanation which basically approaches the topic from a shallow but
broad perspective. The book is a masterpiece in introducing the topic and more so to those
who are not acquainted with the various sociological theories. The book will be used to create
an understanding to the sociological principles before digging into deeper areas within the
topic. Its introduction of social theories will also be used as a foundation towards their
exploration at other sections of the topic.
Giddens, A., Duneier, M., Appelbaum, R. P., & Carr, D. S. (2016). Introduction to sociology.
New York, N.Y.: W.W. Norton & Company, Inc
In this book, the authors take a broader approach towards the topic of sociology from
both a societal as well as a global viewpoint. This book addresses the new learners to the topic
in its attempt to explain various principles of sociology as well as its form within the society.
Similar to Farley & Flota (2006), the authors explore various areas that sociology finds its
application such as global inequality, gender inequality, aging, ethnicity, as well as the
government structures and their inference to the society. According to the book, every
behavior within the society has a sociological explanation that regarding its occurrence. In
this case, a link exists between the social change, power structures, culture, and social
institutions. This book is significant to this unit since it gives a general but wider insight into
the topic with a clear illustration that is easy to comprehend.
Go, J. (2013). Postcolonial Sociology. Bingley, U.K: Emerald.
In this book, Go evaluates the sociology of the US in the periods beginning 19th
century after the US gained independence. In this case, the author uses the argument of
various theorists such as Max Weber, Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim, and Robert Park to create
an inference of the sociology of the life of the 19th century. The post-colonial period has for
long been considered as the period when drastic changes were experienced in the US
particularly since the same period saw the onset of industrial period. Unlike many sociologists
in the history of US, Go creates a new and informed version of the postcolonial criticism that
is applied to understanding the lives of the Americans both at the time of slavery as well as
after. According to the author, the post-colonial period was characterized by many instances
of race, hybridity, and various other changes from the life that the Americans were used to.
This material is important as it gives a breakthrough into the 19th century sociology and the
changes that have resulted from the shift from slavery to freedom.
Horster, N. (1998). Principles of exchange and power: Integrating the theory of social
institutions and the theory of value. New York: P. Lang.
In this book, Horster uses the theory of social institutions, simply known as the theory
of power, to explain the development and inference of the exchange theory from both an
economic, power, as well as institutional perspective. In this regard, the author identifies
major weaknesses in other sub-theories such as economic which can be well understood by
making use of the exchange theory. Everything that relies on time has a transitional point that
will see a change at some point or the other. Unlike other books used in this annotation, this
book uses an indirect method that explores other theories in order to explain the exchange
theory and then uses the theory to establish an understanding of other different theories.
According to the book, social exchange theory, under the support of other theories such as the
game theory, is very successful in explaining the general equilibrium at both institutional as
well as societal level. This book will be utilized in understanding the exchange theory as well
as its link to other major theories such as postmodernism, critical, and classical social theory.
Together, these theories are sufficient to create a clear understanding of sociology.
Lash, D. S. (2014). Sociology of Postmodernism. Hoboken: Taylor and Francis.
This book uses various sociological theories to explain post-modernization as well as
differentiate between modernization and postmodernization. Through a number of theories
such as industrialization, positivism, and the Max Weber theories, Lash illustrates the various
phases which the world has undergone to achieve the post-modernization that is present in
some sections of the world and more so in developed countries. Like other sociologists, Lash
relies on a wide number of theories and their combination so as to explain the subject. In this
case, he finds that various developments in these regions have their basis on the Darwin
theory of industrialization. The faster a region adopted this phenomenon, the faster it was able
to develop and grow. This book forms a very significant reference due to its use and
intertwining of various theories into one major theory to explain a complex phenomenon as
was the case with modernism and postmodernism.
Longo, M. (2016). Fiction and social reality: Literature and narrative as sociological
resources. London: Routledge.
Literature has been among the most effective methods of dissecting a subjecting,
analyzing it, and presenting it in the most elaborate and coherent ways. In this book, Longo
uses a wide literature-oriented nature to illustrate the social reality through the use of social
theories and the relationship between the various cultural, perceptional, structural, and artistic
understanding of the society and its social interactions. Unlike most sociologists who seem to
take a classical stance in their explanations, Longo uses narration and linking of ideas to come
up with an explanation of various phenomena. In this case, every cultural or social action
within the society has another phenomenon that is linked to it and whose understanding or
establishment of a link with the current action can lead to the understanding of the action. The
author determines that sociology and sociological understanding is the basis of understanding
mankind. However, one has to possess the art of interlinking a number of inferences in order
to gain a clear understanding of the underlying issues. This book will be applied in the
understanding of various social realities and how they came to be within the society.
Additionally, it will create a foundation for understanding how these social realities can be
intertwined so as to gain an understanding of the society.
Martell, L. (2010). The sociology of globalization. Cambridge: Polity.
This book explores the history of sociology and various historical changes within the
world and attempts to explain them from a sociological viewpoint. In this case, the main focus
is placed on globalization where a long history of sociological changes and their influence on
globalization are explained. Martell gives an illustration of various changes that have occurred
on a global perspective giving an insight to both economic, cultural, as well as power. Unlike
many other resources in this annotation, this particular book takes an approach to the major
global economies and explains them topic by topic while creating a link between the topics as
the book progresses. The authors relate sociological changes as the major causes of shifting
position from the US towards China on merits of the global position. The authors use power,
social ties, cohesion, inequalities, and motivations to explain these particular changes.
Unfortunately, the book appears to give biased facts that are not backed by concretely verified
explanations. However, it is a significant material in this study as it gives a clear guide into
real life scenarios.
Palgrave Macmillan (2011). A Sociology of Immigration: (Re)making Multifaceted America.
(A sociology of immigration.) Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
This book attempts to create a bridge between the traditional America, the modern,
and the postmodern America in a move to acquaint the reader with the changes that have
occurred in the history. The book looks into the lives of American before the onset of
immigrants and how the immigrants changed the country. Civic-political and socio-cultural
changes and more so their assimilation has been used to create an understanding of these
changes as well as what they mean to the natives as well as the immigrants. Notably, the US
has among the most diverse cultures and mixed groups of people. Like other books studying
the history of US, this book unearths various mechanisms of assimilation and transnational
engagements that occurred as a result of the rise in the rate of immigration and the influence
that this had on the general atmosphere in the US. The book indicates that immigration,
settlement, assimilation, and economic incorporation have been major factors towards the
diverse nature of the US as well as its success. This material will be of great significance due
to its consistency of a rich source of sociological understanding of the US at various periods.
Psathas, G. (January 01, 1997). Sociology In The United States. Contributions to
Phenomenology, 18, 659-662.
In this article, Psathas takes a general approach to the specific sociological state in the
United States. In this case, the researcher uses a number of theories to create a clear
understanding of the current social situation in the US while at the same time using them to
explain the findings. These theories describe the history of the US which, notably, is more
emphatic from the post-colonial era to the modernity 19th and 20th centuries. Unlike many
articles and books in the field of sociology, this study uses an ethnomethodology approach
that attempts to establish a link between the theories, their theories, and real life situation in
the US. The article reveals the US as among the nations with the most complex but elaborate
sociologies especially due to its high growth and development levels as well as the major
diversities in its people. This article is highly significant and will be of great use as a basis to
understand a real life and proven use of sociology to explain real life occurrences and their
influence on the society.
Redman, P., & Open University. (2008). Attachment: Sociology and social worlds.
Manchester: Manchester University Press in association with the Open University.
This book introduces the social understanding of attachment in daily social
experiences through an exploration of people-people, people-things, as well as the
constructivist nature of man. The authors explore how attachment is forged in people as well
as how it affects their social worlds through psychoanalysis, anthropology, and constructivist
understanding of the nature and life of man. Like many books exploring the global social
nature and state, this book employs an elaborate approach that integrates attachment theory
and sociology while at the same time considering the various orientations and concerns in the
life of man and their inferences. The authors use a psychosocial approach to explaining the
relationship that exists on the family basis that is then transferred to the communal as well as
societal platforms and how detachment or attachment shapes the cohesion within the society.
This book is of great significance in the field of sociology. It presents not only the individual
and family nature of attachment but also that on a global magnitude.
Ritzer, G. (2013). The Blackwell companion to major social theorists. Malden, Massachusetts
: Blackwell Publishers
In this book, Ritzer offers an analysis as well as an expert explanation of various
theories by majoring on a number of renowned social theorists. These theorists include Max
Weber, Carl Marx, Emile Durkheim, and Georg Simmel, and who are among the greatest
contributors to the field of sociology. In this case, he presents a biographical sketch of the
various theorists, their intellectual and social context, and well as an illustration of their
contribution to the field of sociology. Unlike many other sociologists, Ritzer, who possesses
many years of experience in the field, insist on the use of bibliographies of the theorists
alongside a set of secondary works to illustrate their significance and success. In this case, the
author identifies Carl Marx, Max Weber, and Georg Durkheim as the major contributing
theorists. Other equally significant theorists include Simmel, DuBois, and Martineau. This
book is significant in the study of sociology as it not only explains the theories but also gives
a bibliography that illustrates the exact theory. The fact that the author carries out secondary
studies to substantiate the work of these theorists further escalate its significance in the field
Turner, J. H. (2004). Classical sociological theory: A positivist's perspective. Belmont, CA:
In this book, Turner explains the classical sociological theory with a major focus to
positivism. According to the author, every occurrence or phenomenon at individual, family,
institutional, communal, or societal level has a scientific explanation. Unlike Ashley &
Orenstein (2009), Turner takes a specific approach rather than studying a mixture of theories.
In this case, he takes a positivism approach to the classical sociological theory without paying
much attention to other classical theories. Moreover, positivism is one of the pivotal classical
sociological theories. Turner insists that, similar to other phenomena, human and animal
behavior does not just occur naturally. Rather, there always a way to explain its occurrence
and its nature. This book will be utilized to complement the positivism understanding from
Adams & Sydie (2002) illustration of the classical sociological theory.
SOCIOLOGY PROJECT OUTLINE
Sociology Project Outline
History of Sociology general overview
Classical Sociological Theory
Classical sociological theorists
Sociology as a discipline
Historical and Epistemological stages
Early schools of thought
Sociology in the Nineteenth Century
Social, Intellectual and political conditions – Positivism
Interpretive sociology or anti-positivism
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