Court Systems

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You must create a court system for the newly created state of Puerto Rico. You are to work under the assumption that Puerto Rico has just been admitted as the 51st state and build your court system from the bottom up. To be certain you understand how courts are organized in other states, you must research at least three current state court systems, within the United States, and use those systems to create Puerto Rico’s system. Do not use Puerto Rico’s current system as one of your examples. You must describe your proposal for creating Puerto Rico’s municipal courts, major trial courts, appellate courts, and the state’s highest court. Include geographic jurisdictions.

You must also describe how judges will be chosen for each court and must discuss how judicial and attorney ethical standards will be structured and enforced. You should conduct basic research on Puerto Rico (size, geography, population, existing counties or municipios, etc.) to be certain your proposed system will actually work.

Remember to provide citations when you borrow some idea or structure from another state.

The body (not including cover page, works cited/bibliography, etc.) of the paper must be 10-12 pages in length, double spaced, using Times New Roman 12-point font. A works cited page or bibliography (depending on the citation system used) must be included. Submitting too many pages will have the same result as submitting too few pages. Any images, charts, etc., used in the paper should be submitted as exhibits and are not included in the page count requirement.

Papers previously submitted for credit in another class, including POSC 340: Judicial Process (for students who may have taken the course previously), may not be submitted for credit in this class. Any paper previously submitted must be substantially modified or totally re-written so that no more than 30% of the language matches on the Turnitin report when the paper is submitted. All students must complete the Columbia College plagiarism tutorial/quiz in the quiz section of the course.

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Explanation & Answer



The Puerto Rican Court System




A court system is an essential part of the judicial system of any state, and thus effective
consideration of important elements within the court system is essential to ensuring that there is
better engagement between the state judicial and the citizens within a given state. A state, therefore,
develops a court system presides over all the legal issues that are involved within the state. An
important factor to consider when developing a court system within a state is to ensure that the
judicial processes that are put in place do not contradict with any of the federal court systems. Thus
there is need to develop an effective court system that places the demands of its citizens at the
forefront. There have been various debates concerning whether Puerto Rico should be considered
as the 51st state in the United States of America. Therefore, this paper provides a detailed
consideration of an effective Puerto Rican court system, which will create a better engagement
among the Puerto Rican citizens.
The current setup
Before divulging deeply into the new suggested court system, it is important to understand
the current judicial structure, which is quite comparable with the current states. This system can
be significantly improved and create one of the best court systems among states within the United
States of America. At the top of the court, the system sits the Supreme Court, which is the court
of last resort in the state led by a group of seven justices that are appointed by the sitting governor
of the state. The next lower court is the court of appeals, which handles all the appeals made by
individuals from lower ruling courts (Ebbe, 2013).
The court of appeal has 39 judges. The current Puerto Rico court system has 12 judicial
districts and a district court in each of the districts having at least one judge who presides over



legal issues in these district courts. The court system also has in place different players who ensure
that the court processes are effectively implemented they include the court clerks, probation
officers, and court reporters. Thus although the current court system appears to be well set and
implemented, there are significant efforts that can be put in place to create a better engaged Puerto
Rican court system that has a high rate of approval among the citizens of the state. Within the
existing court, the system there also exists other players such as United States Attorney, a united
states Marshall, United States magistrates and bankruptcy judges with the court system who have
various roles to play.
Different states, therefore, have different court systems, and there are no cases where two
states share the same court system although the different court systems have to conform to the
federal court systems regarding ruling. There is high-risk chance that the existence of highly
differing federal and state court systems could bring about a collision of federal laws, which are
supreme to the state laws, which are enacted. Thus, even though different states have different
court systems, these different systems have similarities existing between them. Some of the
common similarities include the composition of the court system, which in most cases include two
types of trial courts, which include trial courts of limited jurisdiction and the traffic courts. Thus,
it is important to understand these court systems to ensure that the developed court system is unique
in its right (Neubauer and Fradella, 2015).
Therefore, in developing the Puerto Rican new state court system, I will consider different
concepts from the already operational court sys...

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