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Running head: PNEUMONIA DISEASE
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Pneumonia has been a typical malady all through mankind's history. The diseases cause
the inflammation or swelling of one or both lungs. The human lungs have clusters of tiny air
sucks at the end of the breathing tube. If someone is infected with the disease (pneumonia) the
tiny sacs swell and as a result, they get filled with fluid. Consequently, these causes several
implications in the body system such as coughing, fatigue, nausea joint and muscle pain etc. It is
evaluated that 450 millions of people pass on all around subsequently of this disease. The paper
is going to discuss the symptoms of pneumonia, how it is diagnosed and treated, risk factors as
well as prevention.
Causes for pneumonia
There several factors which can cause or lead to infection with this disease, but the
common causes are bacteria and viruses. When one inhales the germs they affect the lungs
causing the inflammation. In addition, one likely to get the disease after having a cold, which
also affects the lungs. Other than that, the study has shown that those people who have chronic
diseases such as heart diseases, diabetes, asthma as well as cancer have high chances of getting
infected with diseases. This is because the illness makes the lungs weak and therefore cannot
fight infection (Falzarano, Feldmann, Rasmussen, Okumura, Peng, & LaCasse, 2014).
Pneumonia symptoms some are common to both young and old. These include
➢ rapid heartbeat
➢ Coughing, which can be dry and sometimes one may experience the production of thick
brown, yellow mucus or sometimes a blood stains in the mucus.
➢ Chest pain, fever and sweating accompanied by shivering.
➢ Labored breathing together with pain from the right side of the lung.
➢ Rumbling sounds from the patient’s lung during inhalation.
Pneumonia Diagnosis test and exams
In the diagnosis of Pneumonia, the sputum’s culture, as well as the microscopy, is what
most health practitioners commonly use. In addition to this, specimens from the lower part of the
respiratory tract are also used to diagnose. As a health professional, one should carry out all the
necessary test to ensure that the accurate diagnosis is made to help save the patient’s life.
The additional radiology test that should be taken is the Chest X-ray as well as the lateral
view (Kandi, 2012). A chest x-ray is a good radiology test that will reveal the consolidation of
the labor in mostly the lower lobes, which is an indicator of pneumonia. If the X-ray does not
show positive results, Computed Tomography scan can be useful in showing pneumonia that
might not be visible through the X-ray. From the radiology test, using either the X-ray or CT
scan, I would expect to see cavitation or infiltrations on the lower lobe of the patient’s chest. The
reason for having such an ex...