M4 - Capstone Milestone
For your capstone project, you will be explaining your research methodology. This section describes
the process of how you retrieved the research for your capstone topic. Submit a draft of the research
methodology section. You should include the following:
Explain the types of academic disciplines, which might include the study of your topic (e.g.
medicine, history, psychology, sociology, literature, religion, etc.)
Explain at least one organization associated with your topic and provide pertinent contact
information. Include 2 to 3 sentences that explain how your organization relates to your topic.
Identify the most important databases and other periodical indexes and explain why they are
important to your topic.
Identify at least one source of statistical information associated with your topic. Write a 2-3
sentence explanation as to how it relates to your topic. Please give a SOURCE for statistics, not
12-font, double-space, 1" margins.
Length - a minimum of 4 paragraphs in length. A paragraph is defined as 5-7 sentences.
No title page but include your name, and date at the top of page 1
Include your last name in the file name of the assignment and upload here.
Milestones are graded on a scale of 1-10 and account for a small percentage of your final grade.
They are used to offer a mechanism to mark your progress and to allow your instructor to
provide structured feedback.
Michael E. Russell
BAC 1010 M4 Capstone
March 30, 2017
The Death penalty is a controversial capital punishment which is given against a crime
usually involving murder. There are several good arguments for and against capital punishment.
The argument against the death penalty include that even though it's a punishment for a murder,
it won't hurt to punish the murderer with a less harsh sentence and the exorbitant costs
associated with the process.
Research will address the costs and affect capital punishment has on crime. The primary
research question is: Is the death penalty an effective tool in fighting crime? The secondary
research questions include:
Is there a link between executions and reduced murder rates?
What are the costs to incarcerate inmates awaiting execution?
How many executions are conducted each year in comparison to murder committed?
Is the death penalty inherently unfair and racially biased?
The point of this research is to show that capital punishment is cost prohibitive and is no
more effective in deterring others from committing crimes then sentencing them to life
Dieter, R. (2009) Smart on Crime: Reconsidering the Death Penalty in a Time of
Economic Crisis. Retrieved from
Death Penalty Information Center is a national non-profit organization that provides
comprehensive data, reports and discussions on all matters surrounding the death penalty for
those working on the issue of the death penalty. The information produces reports on issues
including but not limited to costs, innocence, race, crime deterrence, method of execution,
juveniles and public opinion of the death penalty.
Smart on Crime: Reconsidering the Death Penalty in a Time of Economic Crisis (Dieter,
2009) analyzes the costs of the death penalty and why. The views on the death penalty from a
law enforcement perspective and the effectiveness of the death penalty as a crime deterrent.
The Author concludes that the cost of the death penalty is fiscally irresponsible, does not
have the majority support from Police Chiefs, deterrence on crime is not credible and Justice can
be achieved more efficiently without the death penalty. This report contains 4 pages of
references and legal precedence.
Macci, D (2016, Nov, 11) 5-facts-about-the-death-penalty.
The Pew Research Center is a non-biased, nonpartisan "fact tank", based in Washington,
D.C. that provides information on social issues, public opinion, and demographic trends shaping
the United States and the world. 5 Facts About the Death Penalty. (Masci, 2016). Is a very
informative article authored by David Masci, a senior writer/editor at Pew Research Center.
Masci discusses support for the death penalty, the decline of death row executions, the ratio of
executions in the United States, doubts on how the death penalty is applied and whether it deters
serious crime and the racial and gender divides in opinion on the death penalty. The information
appears unbiased and provided facts and statics to support its findings.
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