Chinese history and Confucian Teachings
The Analects, which are considered as some of the most significant of Confucius’
teachings, were written by his followers after his death. Notably, Confucius lived between
551-479 BC. Confucius lived during the period where state laws were dominant and which
heavily varied from state to state. In this case, the writings were written somewhere after 400
BC. It is highly likely that Xunzi wrote the texts. Although he was born long after Confucius
had died, Xunzi was a very serious follower of Confucius’ teachings. He observed Confucius’
ways and participated in activities such as advising of the leaders at the time. He was a great
writer and thinker and wrote a large number of scripts that covered many aspects of livelihood
ranging from the social, political, and moral philosophy that contributed heavily to the
development of many schools of thought at the time.
There are many instances that suggest that the paper was written during the time of
Xunzi. Notably, the paper consists of both the teachings of Confucius and the Mencius.
Although the scripts are known to be written by his followers, and after his death, there is a
clear indication that this was somewhere beyond 334 BC. In this case, Mencius is granted a
chance with King Hui of Liang where they speak about state matters (Ebrey, 2014, p. 22).
King Hui of Liang lived between 370 BC–319 BC (Cambridge, 1999, p. 318). Hui became
King in 334 BC, which is an indication that the earlier followers of Confucius could not have
written the scripts. On the same note, Xunzi lived way after this period at approximately 310
– 235 BC.
The period when the texts were written can be narrowed down further from what
ensues afterward. In one scenario, King Xuan of Qi asks whether it was true that Tang had
banished Jie and if King Wu had taken arms against Zhou, to which Mencius agrees (Ebrey,
2014, p. 23). In this conversation, some factors indicate that the writings were written some
years after the dynasty of King Hui. Notably, King Wu ruled for a short period between 310307 BC. Interestingly, Xunzi was born at the beginning ...