Intelligence, history assignment help

Question Description


Please respond to each question thoroughly.


Each Question/Response should have at least 1 in citation (There are a total of 4 questions/responses)

References to support your answer

APA format

At length 1 paragraph length

Question 1:

The terms "Covert Operations" and "Clandestine Operations" are often used interchangeably. Are they the same? If not, what is the distinction? Why would you use one instead of the other? There are some who feel these terms are synonymous with "Illegal Operations." Do you agree or disagree? (clearly state whether you agree or disagree)

Question 2:

When a young man turns 18, he is required to register with the Selective Service System. From the SSS website:

“It's important to know that even though he is registered, a man will not automatically be inducted into the military. In a crisis requiring a draft, men would be called in a sequence determined by random lottery number and year of birth. Then, they would be examined for mental, physical, and moral fitness by the military before being deferred or exempted from military service or inducted into the Armed Forces.”

Last year, Secretary of Defense Ash Carter announced that all military combat jobs would be open to women. He specifically noted, “They'll be allowed to drive tanks, fire mortars, and lead infantry soldiers into combat. They'll be able to serve as Army Rangers and Green Berets, Navy SEALs, Marine Corps infantry, Air Force parajumpers and everything else that was previously open only to men.”

This begs the obvious question – should women now be required to register for the draft like men do now? (clearly state your opinion)

Question 3: Provide a follow up response

From all the functions of intelligence stated in the article, I will have to put my money on covert action. 50 U.S. Code § 3093 subchapter (e) defines “covert action” to be “an activity or activities of the United States Government to influence political, economic, or military conditions abroad, where it is intended that the role of the United States Government will not be apparent or acknowledged publicly…” (Cornell Univ. n.d.). The main objective of covert action is to influence foreign governments or individuals in support of a government’s goals. This method of intelligence collection parallels foreign policies on government interests in regards to national security.

Covert actions support foreign policies that affect national security such as terrorism and drug trafficking. The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is the only intelligence agency appointed to conduct covert actions intelligence gathering by the President of the United States, unless additional approval is given to other agencies to support the CIA’s role in collecting information. Covert actions peaked during the Cold War as countries that are involved worked day in and out to collect information to ensure arms supremacy over the opposition. Another product of covert actions are terror group infiltration which led to the killing of Osama bin Laden and Saddam Hussein—both radical Islam extremist leaders targeted by foreign policies for their role and effect on overall national security and national interest.

Not everything we on the surface is what is seems, often it is being worked from the shadows to ensure secrecy and to prevent information leakage which may result in catastrophe. Covert actions fill in gaps in intelligence gathering methodologies. Covert actions are often ill-funded and the resulting intelligence is often a subject of scrutiny and debate. Many approved operations have resulted in casualties and exposure of the US presence and involvement. Most allies and partnered nations have openly criticized US covert intelligence gathering on them, which tend to complicate foreign policy relations and overall cooperation.

Question 4: Provide a follow up response

I for one am not opposed to this view whatsoever. The intelligence community and federal law enforcement and state and local law enforcement are all on the same side of the fight. Like our pre-school teachers told us years ago, we all need to just get along. The problem comes when organizations want to hoard information or stovepipe at their level for their use and their use only so their organization will get the credit for an arrest or bust or what have you. The agency within the intelligence community acquires intelligence that needs to be acted upon quickly, they can use local law enforcement for assistance. Local law enforcement are the subject matter experts of the main criminal activity problems in their respective cities, so the intelligence community should be not only reaching out to them for assistance, but also delivering them intelligence, when clearances, and need-to-know permit it is safe to do so, when it can aid keeping the United States secure.

I understand there is the potential for information to be misused but I feel the benefits of sharing intelligence outweigh the potential misconduct, which could be reprimanded and prevented with proper guidance.

The Armed Forces Communications and Electronics Associations (AFCEA) Intelligence Committee concluded that ever since the attacks on our country on September 11, 2001, the intelligence community and law enforcement have faced a vast amount new problems in which they “have struggled to adapt to new challenges and to refocus and reorder priorities. (AFCEA, 2007). They continue by addressing the link between the intelligence community (federal) and law enforcement (state and local communities), or should I say, lack thereof, as had a negative effect on the country’s ability to combat terrorism domestically.

With the effective sharing of intelligence between law enforcement and the intelligence community the positive outcomes could be plentiful, but as a nation we have a long way to go in the realm of inter agency communication. It seems as we get closer to accomplishing this goal, another agency pops up, thus making it more difficult and complicating this same, thought to be simple, task.

Final Answer

I followed all the instructions,.. and plagiarism is 0%.. 😊


Discussions and Responses
Question 1
While the terms

‘covert operations’ and

‘clandestine operations’ are used

interchangeably, it seems there is a difference between the two. On one hand, covert operations
denotes activities which are undertaken by a government in a way that they can be denied in case
questions are raised about it (Pointon, 2001). On the other hand, clandestine operations are
conducted specifically with the aim of hiding them from the eye of the public. Here the
difference is clear, in the covert operations, the operation is not necessarily hidden from the
public eye. It is actually visible to them but they cannot know whether it is the government that
authorized. In case questions arise, the government or the sponsor involved can then be able to
refute any association with them. This is not the case with the clandestine operations, they are
concealed from the public eye and most of them go unnoticed for ages. Some people refer the
operations as being ‘illegal operations’, to which I agree. If these operations we...

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