Mozart Amadeus Wolfgang
By: Lisa Flacco
Human Potential and the Arts
Table of Contents
Part I – Introduction
Part II – Body of Research
Part III – Experiential Research Data Entries
Part IV – Summary
Part V—Works Cited
Appendix A: Annotated Bibliography
Appendix B: Integration of Franciscan Tradition Essay
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart expressed his great talent as a versatile classical musical
composer. His music stands as an archetypal example of the Classical style. Research indicates
that his works spanned the period during which his style was transformed from one exemplified
by the gallant style, which incorporated some of the contrapuntal complexities (Halliwell, 33).
As stated, Mozart was a versatile composer as well and wrote in almost every major
genre including symphony, opera, the solo concerto, chamber music including string quartets,
and the piano sonata among others. His expertise is expressed from his capability to create a
wide range of piece of classical music. His music was not only an inspiration for his listeners in
the past but has also affected musicians and listeners from this present generation.
The rationale for doing this Experiential Learning Project was to learn and get to know more
about this artist. Basically, the author’s aim was to educate the reader on the rise of this artist and
a few challenges that he experienced in his life. This writer has focused on Mozart’s different
collections of music pieces, his emergence to be the world’s composer of classical music, and
how his music influence both the past and the future generation.
This project majorly dwelt on two areas to arrive at the findings that is; works cited from
experts and individual research by analyzing the artist’s life and experiences. The inferential
method from secondary sources were beneficial in digging deep into the artist’s biography.
These details complemented this thesis. The design of the research for this project was based on
books and journals. Reviewing information from these sources provided in depth analysis into
the musician’s life and history. This included analyzing expert works on Mozart who have dug
on his experiences and the great works as a versatile classical musical composer. The individual
research were evaluations on the data obtained from secondary sources to gauge whether they
were in agreement with the author’s motives for this paper. The ELP-Experiential Research Data
Entries contain the personal research of the author. All research was conducted from January 28th
to March 20th, 2017.
Body of Research
Wolfgang Mozart’s Biography
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart expressed his great talent as a versatile classical musical
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born in 1756, in Salzburg Austria to Leopold Mozart
and Anna Maria, he was the youngest among seven children. His interest in music was
discovered during the early stages of his life and by the age of five, his competence on the
keyboard and violin left many in awe, as a result he got the opportunity to entertain European
royalty and have trips round Europe. His love for music was genetic, owing to the fact that his
father and sister also participated in the same. During his childhood he got lessons from his
father, whose input was very vital in his development and creation of his first pieces, however he
latter outsmarted him following his prowess on the violin prompting his father to give up as his
teacher. Among his first pieces were K 1-5 in Nannerl Notenbuch record created at the age of
five (Gutman, 9).
As he grew up so did his interest in music flourish, and at age 17, he engaged in music at
his home town, Salzburg Court. Here he served as a minor composer and a teacher. During this
period, Mozart’s enthusiasm increased and he was able to include three staples to his violin
repertoire, K 219, K 216, K 218. However, in the later years, he shifted interest to piano
concertos, that lead to his breakthrough in producing K 271 in 1771. Despite the series of
success, he grew unsatisfied with the conditions at home, due to his low salary. Mozart began his
quest to move around in search for greener pastures, following his visit to Vienna, he was robbed
off his position back at home. He therefore remained at the capital, here he became more famous,
but unfortunately was not as successful as he bargained for and was still challenged with
financial security (Cairns, 17).
Following the disappointments experienced in both Vienna and Salzburg, Mozart
resorted to move to Paris in search of employment. He visited Augsburg, Munich and
Mannheim. In Mannheim he met and got acquainted to famous orchestra performers, who were
also popular at that time in Europe. Unfortunately, his efforts bore no fruit and he resorted to
head back to Paris in 1778. Consequently, he was also unfortunate and therefore resorted to
pawning goods. Life took very drastic turns, his mother feel ill and died due to incapability to
meet his hospital expenses. Mozart still had hopes of succeeding in Paris and resided there, but
during this time, his father was on a job hunting mission for him back at Salzburg, since he was a
native in Salzburg, he was offered a job as a court organist and a concert master with a triple
salary, from his earlier teacher salary, but was reluctant to take it. In Paris, he wrote a piano
sonata K 310/ 300 d, “Paris” Symphony “No. 31” of his experience (Maynard, 15).
In 1779, he returned home and take on his initial job offer although Mozart remained
skeptical of the idea of development in Vienna. In 1781 during his trips to Munich, his opera
“Idomeneo” became famous thus successful. This prompted his employer the Archbishop to
invite him for a feast with the Emperor. From this meeting, he was sponsored to participate in
various concerts. This sparked rivalry between him and the Archbishop who was uncomfortable
with him performing outside his establishments. Unfortunately, Mozart was later dismissed in an
insulting manner leaving him as an independent composer. His father never supported his
decision and kept on pressurizing him to go back and reconcile with his former employer but to
no avail. Mozart stuck to his ground, his success was in Paris. He later be moving round Europe
where he meet his wife, Aloysia (Solomon, 8).
Mozart’s’ marriage was characterized by rejection especially from his father, who was
strict and did not consent to his marriage to Aloysia. However, the romance between the two was
productive since they were not only blessed with six children, but also made music together such
as compositions made in the Baroque style, and in most pieces his wife would participate
through singing. In Vienna, he met Joseph Haydn in 1784, and the two grew a friendship that
created the following pieces: K 465, K 464, K 458, K 421, K 387. His friend often flattered and
describe him as one of the greatest composers in the world. Being a freelance composer, he was
to present his pieces in the piano concerts, from the money he generated, his life improved and
he took his son to a boarding school, consequently this catapulted his journey into the opera
world (Beethoven, 63).
Mozart’s versatile and wide range of compositions
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart expressed his great talent as a versatile classical musical composer.
Mozart’s works were a composition of various genres in music. They were categorical
and had chronological indications, which majorly took the letter “K” or “KV” meaning more or
less. He produced his works thematically and timely. However, few of his works have opus
numbers since he produced them himself. Most of his publications were successful in his lifetime
(Wolff, 164. Mozart wrote up to 68 complete works of symphonies but history only records of
his last symphony that is (No. 41). He additionally revised some of his works with time. He
produced childhood symphonies between 1764-1771, Salzburg-era symphonies between 17711773 and finally late symphonies between 1778-1788. He additionally produced concertos which
ranged from piano concertos and orchestra, numbered 1-27. His other concerto works were the
beautiful and melodious violin concertos which he wrote in 1775. He also worked on Horn
concertos, which are widely played by most people. They were written as virtuoso guidelines for
soloists using the orchestra. He further produced woodwind concertos between 1774 – 1791,
concert symphonies between 1778-1779, concerto for trumpet and cello concerto (Beethoven,
In his piano works between 1782- 1786, he wrote 20 single piano works, he produced
piano sonatas, fantasias, fugues, variations, and rondo, double and quad piano works. He also
engaged in chamber music and managed to write for piano and later violin between 1763-1788.
He also did string quartets between 1770- 1789 dedicating them to different people (Barnes and
Dearling, 67). Moreover, he is recognized for producing string quintets which analysts say was
his greatest achievement in chamber music. Lastly, on chamber music, he produced piano trios
and other chamber works between 1776-1791. He additionally, produced opera styles that
included; “Opera buffa”, “opera seria”, “Idomeneo”, “don Giovanni”, “Cosi fan tutte”, “die
zauberflote”, and Singspiel (Beethoven, 63).
His works involved the use of different instruments, changes on the orchestral texture to
create drama and attract audience, and additionally employed emotional depths. Mozart’s Opera
styles set the stage for a livelier Opera, where music was not only for entertainment but also
captured the souls of listeners thus could not get enough and would listen more and more. Other
works that are affiliated to Mozart also include serenades, instrumental works, divertimenti,
sacred music, masonic music, dances, concert songs, operas, oratorios and cantatas, church
sonatas and organ music.
Mozart is described as a very versatile individual, his works are vast and included
different compositions and creativity that many have borrowed from to date. Most of his works
are complete since he produced them by himself, however some he left incomplete and have
remained vague to date. The pieces of his works formed foundations for currently popular artists
who ape his styles of music, he therefore was a great artist and many have borrowed from his
legendary pieces of works.
During the last days and years of his life in 1791, Mozart fell sick and was unable to
attend the premiere of “Laclemenza di Tito” at the opera for the Emperor’s feasts. Additionally,
he was unable to give full concentration to his professional duties, although he conducted the
premiere of “The Magic Flute”. As time passed by, his condition deteriorated and he remained
bed ridden for days. In his final days, his wife and sister nursed him at his home, with
instructions from his doctor. Unfortunately, he kicked the bucket, on 5 December 1791 at a
tender age of 35. He was buried at the St. Marx Cemetery. It is very unfortunate that we got to
lose such rare talent, when young and innovative, moreover, he died without completing some of
his pieces (Kallen, 22). Mozart remains a celebrated artist and his works will be remembered
time to time.
Challenges in Mozart’s music career
The music journey is not an easy one, this also applies to Mozart’s case. We may
celebrate his successes in music thinking he had an easy ride through it all but actually he had
stumbling blocks that stagnated his goal to do better and achieve more. A look into his life
reveals several challenges that he underwent as a person who had the desire to better himself and
even as a public figure who many looked up to for more music. Although he was born to a
family of musicians, was taught by his devout father, and went on many trips round Europe; at
some point in time, life took a drastic turn for him prompting him to leave his home country and
move across Europe in search of a better pasture as his salary at home could not sustain his needs
(Holmes, 7). His journey in Paris and Mannheim was not equally pleasing as he thought, he lost
his mother died due to his incapability to meet her medical bill and similarly got retrenched at his
newly acquired job unceremoniously. He even Mozart had to operate as a freelance composer
but never made his way through this. All these however, did not deter his spirit, he maintained
his interest in music despite the disappointments, he even composed several pieces on his
experiences. His efforts later paid when he eventually got to meet the Emperor who offered to
sponsor his performance, eventually changing his entire lifestyle of desperation (Holmes, 7).
Additionally, when disease came knocking on Mozart, even though he persevered and
conducted his Opera’s despite his state of health, he was having a hard time. He tried not to let
sickness keep him down, struggled to produce some of his opera works but unfortunately
succumbed to his illness but with much fight. His untimely death hindered his progress in
producing some of his works (Kallen, 22). He died leaving some pieces of his work incomplete,
which to many was a sad state of affair after his struggles. Mozart’s life before climbing the
ladder of success was a disappointing one but his resolve to keep the faith alive even in death
was quite impressive of him.
Mozart’s influence to the past, present, and future generations
Mozart has affected and influenced very many of his listeners and fellow musicians
across the centuries. Back in the day, he acted as a source of motivation to his famous student,
Johann Nepomuk Hummel who he adopted as a child. The latter developed into a strong
musician, and a person of interest in the classical times. Mozart also set the standard for future
generations during his time, therefore those who may have the ability and interest for music
should follow behind is example since he is an exemplary character, it would not take one with
even great prowess to compete against him. Additionally, the notes and pieces done by Mozart
act as points of references and knowledge for various musicians with the interest of joining this
field. Mozart’s reputation still stands strong today even after his death and this acts as an
example to all musicians (Heartz, 16).
Mozart was a strong influence even in the earliest days of his life, he was a mentor to so
many and due to technological advancement his music has trickled down to generations. the
musicians of this current generation do not only increase his popularity but have also imitated
many of his compositions. Through the technology developed during his era, “forte piano.”
compositions can be made in wider ranges and volumes expanding music composition to a whole
new level. Composers from both the past and future time have paid homage to this legend, on his
pieces lay the foundation in which other musical settings are produced. Over the years, various
modifications have been made to improve Mozart’s works and give them a much more modern
appeal. Composers such as Beethoven, who was his junior, Milhail Glinka, among others are
known for modifying various pieces by Mozart such as the “die zauberflotte”, “Don Giovanni”
among others, therefore leading to the development of vaster pieces. Beethoven was exposed to
Mozart’s opera style, which influenced his interest on the same (Beethoven, 63). Additionally,
from Mozart, upcoming artists understand that music is not just for monetary purpose but also
acts a legacy that one leaves behind when dead, they therefore should make meaningful music
that would appeal to many audiences throughout generations.
Mozart’s current fame in the 21st century is attributed to the fact that in the 20th century he
popularity was promoted following the movie “Amadeus” among other promotions from
orchestras, chamber groups etc. However, from this paper’s research it is evident that Mozart
beat the odds during his time, a categorical analysis on music production in the 1780 revealed the
differences between the music world of then and ours of today, the variations include:
In the past, audience were bent on listening to new music, therefore prompting the artist
to keep on their toes so as to maintain the masses. Unlike our time where orchestras have
the habit of imitations or playing of classical pieces’ year in, year out. Mozart understood
the need of his audience and during his short life span he was able to produce countable
number of works
The artist of the past such as Mozart played an important role in the society and were
involved in community building initiatives such as providing lessons to children unlike
this century where most artist enjoy autonomy.
In the 21st century music is spread easy through the use of mp3s, CDs, on the radio and
televisions additionally music can be accessed easily in the internet via mediums such as
iTunes and you tube, therefore music have a wide market and audiences listening to them
unlike in the past where Mozart would only access audience in the theatre, orchestra, or
small arrangements, or via sheet music.
Therefore, these analysis reveal that truly Mozart is a force to reckon with and that he
achieved his fame through lots of toil. Unfortunately, he is only celebrated today, despite being a
man who had accomplished a lot during his generation, Mozart fell ill and died penniless, least to
speak was buried as a pauper. A man who works have assisted develop the pop music of today.
Experiential Research Data Entries
January 15, 2017
Title: Song, “Die Zufriedenheit”
Date Created: March,1781
Source: MrConvivator. "Mozart Die Zufriedenheit KV 349." YouTube. YouTube, 21 Feb. 2011.
Web. 29 Mar. 2017.
The choice of words in this song are in such a way that to praise nature as well as praise
and thank God which touched me a lot for such rare theme. I also loved the way virtues of
simplicity and contentment are brought to view. I will love listening to this song again because it
is both a praise song as well as a lullaby. I liked this song because it is a praise song. I would like
to have this song in my home so that I can learn more about praising God.
January 22, 2017
Title: Song, “An die Hoffnung”
Date Created: 1781-1782
Source: https: "An Die Hoffnung, K. 390." Spotify. N.p., 04 Sept. 2012. Web. 29 Mar, 2017
The combination of voice and piano makes this song a thrilling and awesome piece to
listen to. The voices are very clear and the sound of the piano can be audibly heard. It is thus
evident that this is a piece worth downloading and listening to as I found it to be. I loved this
music because it has good combination of voice and piano. I would love to have it at home so
that I can perfect on combining voice and piano.
January 25, 2017
Title: 5 Variations in F for piano
Date Created: July,1788
Source: "An Die Hoffnung, K. 390." Spotify. N.p., 04 Sept. 2012. Web. 29 Mar. 2017.
Reading this piece was a bit challenging to me since it is quite to comprehend especially
without having someone to guide you through. However, I loved it because it is very educative
and am looking forward to finding someone who can guide me through. Generally, it was a nice
experience and educative one to me. I would like to have it home so that I can get used to
reading and interpreting complicated pieces.
January 29, 2017
Title: Minuet in A (fragment)
Date Created: February,1789
Source: YouTube. YouTube, n.d. Web. 29 Mar. 2017.
This was another piece which was worth listening to. All themes and concepts contained
in it are presented in an orderly and understandable manner. I enjoyed every step of the piece and
am hoping to continue listening to it often. I liked this music because it contained clear themes
and understandable ones. I would love to have it at home so that I can enjoy it whenever a
relaxing after some busy times.
February 1, 2017
Title: Double canon for six voices
Date Created: March,1789
Source: "Isbn:1456850768 - Google Search." Isbn:1456850768 - Google Search. N.p., n.d. Web.
29 Mar. 2017./.latest citation _text
The appeal like puzzle nature attracted my attention to reading it. I was challenged by the
mystery of solving and relating some of the major concepts that I felt a sense of satisfaction after
completing. It is a good way to relax the mind and stress of the daily activities. I loved it because
I like analyzing puzzles. I would love to have it at home so that I can use it as a form of mind
relaxation whenever am stressed up.
February 12, 2017
Title: 3 German Dances
Date Created: March 12,1789
Source: Am4d3usM0z4rt. "Mozart - 3 German Dances, K. 605 [complete]." YouTube. YouTube,
01 May 2012. Web. 29 Mar. 2017.
This was another thrilling and very interesting to listen t...