english Argumentative Research Paper help

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Argumentative Research Paper—Project #3

Using your same topics from the Exploratory Paper and the Annotated Bibliography—in which you have been exploring a particular problem—write an 8-10 page research paper. Look at something that needs to be changed, or an idea that needs to be rethought. Develop an understanding of its causes and develop a possible solution. Argue for that solution or that causal relationship.

Requirements for the paper:

  • Create a focused, manageable and relevant claim that you can support through evidence found through research and through critical thinking. Include specific, appropriate and relevant evidence from a minimum of three scholarly sources.
  • Organize your evidence logically in order to create a reasoned argument that provides strong support for your claim (and make sure you specifically explain how the evidence supports your claim).
  • Apply cultural understanding to your claim. For instance, are there cultural elements (age, gender, ethnicity, race, religion, etc.) that you need to consider about your audience in order to make your argument convincing?
  • Use language that is appropriate to your audience and for this rhetorical context.
  • Utilize appropriate mechanics that includes correct grammar, spelling, and punctuation and appropriate documentation in MLA format
  • Aim for a paper that is 8 – 10 pages long.

Purpose: Using your skills of analysis, critique, observation, description, persuasion, argument and research, write a compelling argument for the stand you have taken.

Audience: Readers who are aware of the issue, but who may not have taken their own stand as of yet. We are intelligent and sympathetic, but not naive. We want to be shown why we should believe your argument.

Persona: One who really believes in the issue she/he is writing about. You are someone who has something at stake in the issue. You can write in a traditional, Classical Argument, Toulmin Argument, or Rogerian Argument.

8-10 Pages long

3 Sources

MLA Documentation

Rubric for English 201, Students will: show evidence of academic literacy by employing the types of critical thinking and research skills needed to communicate within a variety of academic contexts: utilize appropriate discourse conventions that included reasoned arguments, organized ideas, appropriate documentation and format, and language that is correct and appropriate for the context; and apply cultural understanding in their work to show awareness that all discourse is culturally determined.

Do not use as your sources Encyclopedias, Dictionaries of, or Guides to, ProCon, CQ Researcher, CREDO Reference.

Use only scholarly sources. You can look up what scholarly sources are on the Rice Library Research Guide Page, on Purdue Owl Website, or look in our book on pp. 306-409.

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Name 1 Name: Abdullah Almuslim Course: 201 Pets 1. The healthy aging of pets. 2. Child’s development in the family or institution with animals; the interaction of a pet and a toddler. 3. Potential health risks of having a domestic animal; injuries, infections and other issues. 4. The ways to measure a quality of living condition in stables and other animal houses. 5. Benefits of the animal-assisted therapy for senior citizens; possible pets for the treatment. 6. The choosing of an appropriate diet for sport animals; measuring of the nutrition quality. 7. “Invasive” animals: their advantages and disadvantages of such species for the environment and society. 8. Why do people prefer some pets more than another? Visual and other features of the most attractive animals. 9. Insights in the birds’ behavior; the influence of emotions on their decisions. 10. The best animal companions for representatives of different age groups. THE TOPIC’S DEVELOPMENT As “The Healthy Aging of Pets” is the first topic in the list, I will use it as the example. 1. I know quite a lot about this topic. For example, cats have similar conditions as people, like the hypertension; and they should be treated like human patients of the equivalent age group. Other animals with the potential long lifespan, like dogs or horses, also can have the similar health issues. There are many factors that can affect animal’s aging during its early life and last years. The list includes living conditions, the quality of nutrition, emotional stresses, consequences of sport or other career and many other positions. The Name 2 interaction with the owner and his or her surrounding plays its role too. There is a potential to combine this issue with other topics from the list above, like “Child’s development in the family or institution with animals; the interaction of a pet and a toddler” or “The choosing of an appropriate diet for sport animals”. 2. The topic has a wide field for researches. I need to identify the most common types of animals’ age-related diseases; it includes both general conditions and disorders that are specific for the direct pet. I should show periods in animals’ life, when it would be the most vulnerable for development of conditions with long-term consequences. The paper also should include potential preventive measures and approaches that will improve their diagnosis and treatment. It includes both the early life interventions, like choosing an appropriate food, and owner’s approach to the organizing of an old animal life, like giving it an appropriate medical treatment. 3. There are different Internet resources that speak about pets’ aging. Many of them have links to scientific journals where their articles were taken from. It is quite easy to find open access sources like the Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery in these data bases. They contain both experiments’ results and authors’ opinion that can be useful for the creation of the full picture of the topic. 4. I think there will be enough material to write an 8-10 page paper. It is possible to find information of the development of different diseases in animals, their prevention and treatment. There also were many studies that linked health quality, living conditions and other factors. It is possible to write about results of different approaches to the animal management, to show how different pets age and what the owner should do to provide them the best and longest lifespan. Name 1 Name: Abdullah Almuslim Course: 201 3/5/17 Pets Bergero, Domenico, and E. Valle. “A multi-factorial approach to the nutritional requirements of sports horses: critical analysis and some practical applications”. Italian Journal of Animal Science. 2007, pp. 639-641, http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.4081/ijas.2007.1s.639?needAccess=true. Authors highlight the necessity of better approach for feeding of sports horsed. Currently many animals do not get an appropriate amount of nutrients as owners do not understand their true needs. Researches mention each horse should have an individual diet based on its biological features, training program and living conditions. To gather information experts should use modern technologies like HR monitors rather than rely on owners words. Conclusions of the article look reasonable as sport horses experience serious stresses and need an appropriate nutrition to compensate them. Cabanac, Michel. “Do Birds Experience Sensory Pleasure?”. Evolutionary Psychology. January 2009, http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/147470490900700105. The author showed the sensory pleasure exists in birds, using the example of his parrot Aristote. It was taught a simple vocabulary after the acclimatization in the Cabanac’s house. The author added to the bird’s speech the word bon (“good”) and showed Aristote used it to express its attitude to the direct stimuli. The study looks interesting, but need to be proved by bigger projects. Results also cause doubts as many people say parrots only repeat words, but cannot use them deliberately. Name 2 Dinç, Gökçen. “Important bacterial infections transmitted to humans from pet animals” [Abstract]. Türk Hijyen ve Deneysel Biyoloji Dergisi, vol. 72, no. 2, 2015, pp. 16374. DOI :10.5505/TurkHijyen.2015.81557. The article mentions benefits of pets, but also highlights their potential dangers. Cats, dogs, rabbits and other animals carry different bacteria and pathogens that can infect people. He study mentions groups of the highest risk, like pregnant women or people with suppressed immune system, and highlight the necessity of hygiene and other similar measures in the prevention of infection. “Dogs, toddlers show similarities in social intelligence”. Eurekalert, https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2017-02/uoa-dts022717.php. Accessed 13 March 2017. The article describes the study of the University of Arizona that mentions similarities in the social behavior of dogs and 2-year-old children. The pair showed more similar traits than toddlers and chimpanzees. Authors believe dogs will help to understand processes of human evolution. It will be a new approach, since scientists often used anthropoid primates in such projects. Authors already suggest dogs and toddlers developed similar social behavioral patterns as they evolved in similar conditions, where the friendliest specimen survived. While it is strange to see scientific comparisons of children and canines, the approach shows a potential. Toddlers and dogs have many similar traits in their attempts to cooperate with surroundings. Elfman, Lena, et al. “Influence of horse stable environment on human airways.” Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology. May 2009, http://occupmed.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1745-6673-4-10. Authors checked the quality of air in horse stables during different periods of the year. Measurements showed the air particle load and concentrations of glucan increased during Name 3 winter months. Summer became a period when there were higher levels of endotoxin. The quality of the indoor air was linked to different respiratory problems of several workers. The study’s goal was to find better ways to monitor stable’s environment. It is an important issue as animals and workers spend much time indoors. The article looks reliable; there are many evidences how dust and other components of the air affect condition of living beings. Harvey, Anna E. “Pets in the Kindergarten”. The Journal of Education. July 1904, p. 77. Jstor, http://www.jstor.org/stable/pdf/44062261.pdf. Accessed 13 March 2017. This old article mentions timely issues. Children in the kindergarten should contact with pets. The institution can have own nature corner with inhabitants that are easy cared about. The author mentioned rabbits as an optimal choice as they are cute, friendly and quiet. Rats, guinea pigs or turtles share the same features. Harvey suggested children should be able to contact with other pets like dogs, cats or chicken. It will help them to learn how to care about weaker beings, to develop a responsibility and learn something new about the nature. The article (or a list of theses) is timely despite it is almost 100-year-old. Children need to learn how to cooperate with animals, especially in light of current levels of technological obsession. Liškováб Silvie, et al. “Human Preferences for Colorful Birds: Vivid Colors or Pattern?” Evolutionary Psychology. April 2015, 13(2), pp. 339-359. http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/147470491501300203. Authors studied people’s attitude to birds depending up their color. The research bases on previous work that looked at links between bird’s shapes and humans’ preferences. This study demonstrated people had more positive attitude to green and blue hues in birds’ color. These results explain not only choices of domestic birds, but also gives insights on the development of animals’ vision. The research showed the ration of dark and light spots was Name 4 more important than colors in participants’ preferences. It suggested the significance of the ability to recognize the brightness versus the recognition of trichromatic palette. Mercer, Kimberly Ann. “Animal-Assisted Therapy and Application to Older Adults in Long Term Care”. Journal of Arts and Humanities. May 2015, http://theartsjournal.org/index.php/site/article/view/717/373. Mercer gives a brief review of the animal-assisted therapy and claims it is an effective approach for improving of life quality of elder people living in long term care. Her words bases on experiments involved a small group of residents of one LTC in Texas and a cat registered as a therapeutic animal. The study showed meetings with the feline decreased feeling of loneliness. It demonstrated cats can be as good in the therapy as dogs. But the author made a wise comment that only trained and registered animals should be used for treatment. Taylor, Samantha, et al. “ISFM Consensus Guidelines on the Diagnosis and Management of Hypertension in Cats”. Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery, vol. 4, no. 5, 2015. http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/1098612X17693500. The article describes causes and consequences of the hypertension for cats. The condition can cause damage of different tissues and organs like kidneys, brain, eyes or myocardium. The article suggests owners and doctors should use similar approaches to the feline hypertension as they do to human disorder. The condition should be diagnosed as soon as possible and controlled by people. Authors show how to measure cats’ blood pressure and give the list of drugs that can be used for animal’s treatment. Vaarzon-Morel, Petronella. “4. Camels and the Transformation of Indigenous Economic Landscape”. Jstor, http://www.jstor.org/stable/pdf/j.ctt24hfcg.11.pdf. Accessed 13 March 2017. Name 5 This chapter of the book “Indigenous Participation in Australian Economies II” describes the interaction of Indigenous Australian people and camels. Animals arrived to the continent with the aid of foreign explorers. Native inhabitants were surprised at first, but quickly understood benefits of camels. These animals were an important part of the Central Australian economy during 1960-70s; camels were treated as a valuable property by Indigenous. Animals also were used as intended to transport goods and people. Cars pressed camels gradually, but were not able to displace them completely. The chapter highlighted the importance of introduced animals for the community’s development. It is an important approach as most authors speak about negative consequences of “invasions”, and neglect their benefits.
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Surname: 1
Healthy Aging of Pets
Companion animals or rather pets as people like to call them are animals kept by human beings
primarily for protection, company, or entertainment. Companion animals are usually noted for
playful features and their attractive appearances. People living with pets benefit both physically
and emotionally. For instance, walking a pet like a dog provides both the dog and the human
with physical exercise. Just like we need the pets, the pet also needs us. We should sacrifice our
little time and resources to care for them (Walsh 470). This research paper argues that pets
should be treated like human patients whenever they get sick, and a healthy ageing process of the
pets should be a priority for everyone who has a pet in their homes.
This paper will first present the importance of pets to their caregivers. It will focus on
how the pets improve the social life of people and particularly children just give an
understanding of why the pets are significant in the human life. Understandably, some
individuals in the society do not believe that pets can be important in their lives. This paper aims
to convince them otherwise as it focuses on why these pets should be treated as human beings.
Importance of Pets to Human beings

Surname: 2
Extensive research proves that pets may have the capabilities of stimulating their
caregivers, particularly the elderly, providing them with someone to practice and exercise with,
to take care of, and someone to assist them to recover from psychologically and physically
troubled past (Dreschel 160). An animal companion can additionally assist to preserve
satisfactory levels of contentment notwithstanding the prevalence of mood signs like depression
or anxiety. Pets also help individuals accomplish health goals, like reduced hypertension, mental
goals, like reduced stress. Evidently, research shows that keeping a pet assists individual’s lead
healthier longer life. In another study of ninety-two individuals suffering from coronary disease
conducted in 1986 showed that in a year eleven out of twenty-nine patient living without pets
died, in comparison with three out of fifty-two patients who kept pets (Dreschel 161). Thereby,
the having pets proved to significantly diminish triglycerides, and therefore a risk of coronary
Correspondingly, the NIH (National institute of health) conducted a study that indicated
that individuals who owned pets like dogs were not likely to die due to heart attacks contrary to
those who didn’t own dogs. Most of the researches concerning pets have something in common;
they all show that pets have a therapeutic impact in cases of dementia. Some research even goes
further to show that for older people, good health might be a prerequisite for owning a pet
(Dreschel 160). On the same note, dogs assist individuals with vision impairment. However, this
only happens if they are trained for this purpose. Ancient research proved that dog was the
closest friend to man. A friend is someone people hold close to the heart, and this is why they
should be treated like humans in all cases...

I was struggling with this subject, and this helped me a ton!


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