Elements of Critical Thinking
Everyone in this world thinks and it is our nature to do so. But much of this thinking is left to itself and is distorted, biased, uninformed, partial or downright prejudiced. The quality of our life as well as what we produce usually make or rather its build depends exactly on the quality of our thought. Poor thinking is much costly, both in terms of money as well as in the quality of life. explain this
a) One does not break arguments into basic statements and draw logical implications and there is ambiguity and vagueness in arguments and propositions which can incur expenses.Failure to think properly will not determine if the premises are reasonable and identify
information that has been omitted or not collected, which
determine if the implications are logical and search for
potentially contradictory data.
b) A poor thinker will not
determine if the premises support the conclusion. In deductive
arguments, the conclusions must be true if the premises are true.
In inductive arguments, the conclusions are likely if the premises
c)The poor thinker will not
weigh the evidence and arguments. Supporting data, logic and
evidence increase the weight of an argument. Contradictions and
lack of evidence decrease the weight of an argument. A poor thinker will accept propositions without seeking for more
evidence against them this is very dangerous and costly because significant or vital information might have been left out deliberately to make evidence weak.
Jan 27th, 2015
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