Poor thinking is costly because:
a) One does not break arguments into basic statements and draw logical implications and there is ambiguity and vagueness in arguments and propositions which can incur expenses.Failure to think properly will not determine if the premises are reasonable and identify
information that has been omitted or not collected, which
determine if the implications are logical and search for
potentially contradictory data.
b) A poor thinker will not
determine if the premises support the conclusion. In deductive
arguments, the conclusions must be true if the premises are true.
In inductive arguments, the conclusions are likely if the premises
c)The poor thinker will not
weigh the evidence and arguments. Supporting data, logic and
evidence increase the weight of an argument. Contradictions and
lack of evidence decrease the weight of an argument. A poor thinker will accept propositions without seeking for more
evidence against them this is very dangerous and costly because significant or vital information might have been left out deliberately to make evidence weak.
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