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Running Head: FINGERPRINTING
Fingerprints are impressions left on a solid surface by friction ridges of the human
fingers. Discovery of fingerprints are crucial for forensic science and applied in criminal
laboratories. They can be latent or patent in regards to the surface. Fingerprinting is cheaper that
other forensic science techniques. Some of the methods used in the conduction of investigation
of fingerprinting are such as chemicals, fingerprints powders or other light sources. The process
of the collection involves identification, comparison, evaluation and verification. The history of
fingerprinting dates backing 200 BC in China, the Qin Dynasty and clay tablets in the ancient
Babylon. India has the world’s largest fingerprinting system referred to as Aadhaar.
The history of fingerprinting
The fingerprints offer a more reliable means of personal identification which is the vital
explanation for having replaced other techniques of establishing identities of individuals who
may be reluctant in admitting previous arrests. The method of fingerprinting stands out among
all forensic sciences. The method has been used by governments globally for more than a century
to offer accurate criminal identification. They form the grounds for any criminal history at al
police agencies in the world. Finger orienting has set up the first forensic professional
organization which is the International Association for Identification in 1915 (IAI) (Benedict,
2004). It established the initial professional certification program for all forensic scientists in
1977, the IAI’s Certified Latent Print Examiner (CLPE). It has constantly expanded as a premier
technique for identification of persons. The technique is also relatively cost friendly in solving
the crime and thus effective for balancing of investigative resources for the satisfaction of
timeliness and thoroughness of the agencies. For instance, DNA is said to cost nearly 100 to 400
times more than fingerprinting.
In the civilizations earlier on, maiming or branding was employed in marking individuals
as criminals. The criminal would be deprived his/her hand which conducted the crime. Majuru
(2012), stated that the Ancient Romans applied tattoo needle to identify as well as prevent the
mercenary soldiers from deserting their ranks. Before the 1800, police officers used the camera
eye to identify the criminal through sight only. Photography later came and lessened the burden
though it still hardly solved the issue of identification of criminals.
Ancient artifacts that consist of carvings that were similar to the ridged skin were
discovered in numerous places globally. ...