Philosophy Questions: Descartes and Locke

Question Description

Respond thoughtfully to five (5) questions from the Post-Reading Reflections questions in Chapter 9, and five (5) Post-Reading Reflections questions in Chapter 10. Make sure you number each response.

Chapter 9

1.) What was Descartes' proposal, and how did his Scholastic education influence it?

2.) What is the coherence theory of truth?

3.) Discuss Descartes' standard of truth . Do you think it is chiefly rational or psychological. Explain.

4.) What are innate ideas? Give one or two examples.

5.) What is skepticism? How is it important to Cartesian philosophy?

Chapter 10

1.) What is empiricism?

2.) In your own words, reconstruct the basic empirical critique of rationalism.

3.) What is the tabula rasa? What is its significance to Locke's empiricism?

4.) What was Locke's egocentric predicament?

5.) What is epistemological dualism?

Final Answer


Running head: PHILOSOPHY


Student Name
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Course Title

Chapter 9
1. Descartes’ Proposal expressed he believe that it is possible to turn mathematical reasoning as a
model for progress in human knowledge. He believed that the person was perfectly capable of
achieving knowledge (Gaukroger, 1980). He, therefore, proposed an intellectual process of
ensuring that individual elements are uncertain. He believed that human beings should accept
what is genuinely unique without any doubts. He also thought that people should divide what is
right into manageable parts, begin with the simple issues, and move on to the complicated ones.
2.The coherence theory of truth is based on the truth of belief on the degree to which it coheres
with other beliefs in a system of beliefs (Gaukroger,1980).It is the theory that all facts should be
integrated into existing events to make them coherent. Furthermore, the truth of a partic...

Doctor_Ralph (19777)
Boston College

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