Date of Submission
Learning and Memory
The brain is a complex organ which carries out different functions. The brain is
composed of grey and white matter with billions of the interneurons. It releases neurotransmitter
from presynaptic knob as a response to the action potential hence exciting the adjacent synapse.
The memories are stored in complex patterns of neural interaction which results from given
stimulus. The brain has different columns which are involved different or single piece of
information. The columns make up the two hemispheres of the brain whereby each hemisphere
has several lobes of the brain.
Therefore, the lobes of the brain include parietal, frontal, temporal, and occipital lobes.
The occipital lobe is responsible for all visual information in the brain. The frontal lobe has
different roles which include personality, planning, reasoning, voluntary movements and also
converting mere thoughts to words. On the hand, the temporal lobe determines the frequency and
volume of sound, verbal and visual memory. The parietal lobe deals with both visual and
auditory sensory which is tied to written and spoken language skills. Apart from lobes, the brain
has limbic system which takes part in learning, emotions, and memory. Different parts of the
brain store information and as a result, the structures of the brain are linked. Most of the short
term memory is stored in the frontal lobe part of brain. The hippocampus is responsible for long
The visual information is transferred from the angular gyrus to the Wernicke’s area. This
area is responsible for formulating choice and sequence of the spoken words. The information