Literature Review on Alcohol Abuse in the Name of Recreation and Leisure all over the World, English homework help


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WRITING A LITERATURE REVIEW What is a literature review? A literature review is a survey of everything that has been written about a particular topic, theory, or research question. It may provide the background for larger work, or it may stand on its own. Much more than a simple list of sources, an effective literature review analyzes and synthesizes information about key themes or issues. Book Review Analyzes and evaluates a particular book. Annotated Bibliography Summarizes relevant sources and explains the significance of that source to the research question. Literature Review Surveys all relevant literature to determine what is known and not known about a particular topic. Why write a literature review? 1. To discover what has been written about a topic already 2. To determine what each source contributes to the topic 3. To understand the relationship between the various contributions, identify and (if possible) resolve contradictions, and determine gaps or unanswered questions What is involved in writing a literature review? 1. Research – to discover what has been written about the topic 2. Critical Appraisal – to evaluate the literature, determine the relationship between the sources and ascertain what has been done already and what still needs to be done 3. Writing – to explain what you have found Steps to writing an effective literature review: Gathering sources Focus your topic: A literature review aims to cover all of the research on a given topic. If the topic is too large, there will be too much material to cover it adequately. Read with a purpose: Although you will need to briefly summarize sources, a good literature review requires that you isolate key themes or issues related to your own research interests. Evaluating sources For each book or article consider: Credentials: Is the author an expert? Argument/Evidence: Does the evidence support the conclusion? Is the argument or evidence complete? When comparing sources, consider: Conclusions: Does all research arrive at the same conclusion or are there differing opinions? What evidence or reasoning are the differences based on? Gaps or omissions: What questions are raised by the literature? Writing a Literature Review Introduction The introduction should identify your topic, some discussion of the significance of that topic and a thesis statement that outlines what conclusion you will draw from your analysis and synthesis of the literature. If your literature review is part of a larger work, explain the importance of the review to your research question. Body In the body, discuss and assess the research according to specific organizational principles (see examples below), rather than addressing each source separately. Most, if not all, paragraphs should discuss more than one source. Avoid addressing your sources alphabetically as this does not assist in developing the themes or key issues central to your review. Organizing Principles Principle When to Use -When explaining key themes or issues relevant to the topic Theme Methodology (also called a methodology review) Chronology -This is the most common way to organize literature reviews. When discussing interdisciplinary approaches to a topic or when discussing a number of studies with a different approach. When historical changes are central to explaining the topic. Example A literature review of 31 relevant articles published between January 1999 and March 2004 identified 12 categories of neighborhood characteristics relevant to maternal and child health: income/wealth, employment, family structure, population composition, housing, mobility, education, occupation, social resources, violence and crime, deviant behavior and physical conditions. [Example adapted from Rajaratnama, J.K., Burke, J.G. & O’Campo, P. (2006). Maternal and child health and neighborhood context: The selection and construction of area-level variables. Health and Place, 12, 547-556.] In dentistry, fluorescent imaging been used for many applications revealing a variety of information about bonded restorations. This review evaluates the different methods used in this area with the intent of determining if standardized methodologies exist. [Example adapted from D’Alpino, P.H.P. et al (2006).Use of fluorescent compounds in assessing bonded resin-based restorations: A literature review Journal of Dentistry, 34 623-634.] A literature review is presented on the evolution of water pollution management and its impact on land pollution from 1900 to 2000 within a hypothesis of whether we could have done more, sooner. Stream pollution science in the context of the fundamental sanitary engineering concepts of reasonable use and assimilative capacity is examined in light of evolving regulatory frameworks from the early 1900s, when regulation and standards were mostly lacking, to the zero discharge goals and comprehensive federal command/control regulations of the late 20th century. [Example adapted from Shrifin, N.S. (2005). Pollution Management in the Twentieth Century. Journal of Environmental Engineering, 131, 676-691.] Conclusion The conclusion should provide a summary of YOUR findings from the literature review. Explain what your analysis of the material leads you to conclude about the overall state of the literature, what it provides and where it is lacking. You can also provide suggestions for future research or explain how your future research will fill the gaps in the existing body of work on that topic. © Allyson Skene. The Writing Centre, University of Toronto at Scarborough. See terms and conditions for use at Literature Review Assignment Assignment Instructions: Write a short (3-5 pg) research paper on a recreation and leisure problem formulated from your interest and reading in the form of a scholarly scientific review paper. Since the primary purpose of this assignment is meant to introduce you to literature searches, scientific writing, citation procedures, and bibliography formatting, please do not submit anything longer than five pages (excluding title page). GRADING RUBRIC: Lit Review Rubric.doc Please review the information presented in this lab description and follow the format described. Follow the following criteria: 1. Must be double-space typed using a standard font (e.g., arial or times) and font size (12 pt). 2. Top, bottom and side margins must be no less the 1 inch and no greater than 1.25 inch. 3. Pages must be numbered 4. There must be a title page that presents the descriptive title of your paper, your full name and the date of submission. 5. The body of the text should be made of the following titled sections: Abstract, Introduction, Discussion, and Conclusion (conclusion can be included as the final paragraph or two of the Discussion). See the lab description to understand what gets presented in each of these sessions. 6. Include a Literature Cited section for cited sources of information. 7. Direct quoting of other authors is not permitted. All of your written text should be in your own words. 8. Be sure to appropriately cite all of your information sources using the format given in the lab description (i.e., provide author's last name and year of publication. I am expecting that you cite a minimum of four scholarly sources. Three of these sources should come from the primary literature. 9. Be sure to provide the appropriate bibliographic details (as presented in the lab description) for all cited literature sources in the Literature Cited section of your paper. Do not present bibliographic details for sources not cited. Be consistent with the format used. 10. If your scholarly literature sources were obtained from an Internet site (e.g., online journal article), include the URL and the date downloaded as part of the bibliographic details present. 11. Grammar and spelling must be correct. 12. Write in an objective, non-emotional style. See the attached PDF for more information about Literature Reviews. A short literature review - concerning issues and problems in the recreation and leisure science field. There are numerous issues in the field from youth sport decline, diversity in the outdoors, safety and protocol for recreational sports, barriers and ceilings for professional advancement among gender and diversity, etc. - Your first goal on this project is to find an issue in the field you would like to research further. - Your second goal is to locate professional research concerning this topic or issue via Ebscohost or Academic Search Premier located HERE: - You should be able to locate 4-9 articles that highlight and illustrate the problem you are seeking - if not - then you may need to alter your area of concern, or find another issue with ample resources. - Next, you should consider creating a mind-map (examples are illustrated on your assignment details located here: - HERE is an excellent overview of developing a literature review in recreation, leisure, and tourism: (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. Example 1: Literature_Review_Sample_3.docx Example 2: Literature_Review_Sample_2 (1).docx Grading Rubric: Lit Review Rubric.doc ...
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Running head: DISCUSSION


Literature Review on Alcohol Abuse in the Name of Recreation and Leisure all over the World

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Alcohol abuse has for long been a major issue in the whole world. What makes things
worse is the classification of this drug as a recreational beverage. The impact that alcohol has
had in the community indicates that it is being abused and not bringing about what a recreational
product would be expected to. Different scholars have looked into the issue and literature has it
that alcohol is being abused all over the world in the name of recreation. Apparently, even the
youths have not been left out of this menace. As it is discussed in this text, literary texts have it
that many people have harmed themselves and others close to them due to alcohol. This paper
looks at past literature on the statistics of alcohol consumption, the effects as well as how the
vice is spreading in the society. Sadly enough, alcohol abuse has impacted on how athletes
perform. The literature herein indicates that the issue is accelerated through advertisements
which lure the young and the old to not only consume alcohol, but to increase the intake. Sadly,
this is a current recreational issue that needs to be looked into before things get worse.



Alcohol is considered to be a complex social as well as health issue. Nonetheless, reports
indicate that there is high consumption all over the world. The consumers assign different
reasons as to why they consume the beverage. Some state that it is to help calm their nerves,
while others just take it for leisure and recreational purposes. Sadly, it has become a major issue
all over the world due to the health, economic and social repercussion...

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