April 12, 2017
According to a research, genetic engineering is the study that gives an organism a
specific characteristic by modifying their genes (Gaëtan and Baret). For example, taking the gene
that produces vitamin A and insert it into the rice that gives gold rice, and many other Genetic
modified foods. Also, there are other uses of genetic engineering, such as medicine, and
biological weapons. People who are against genetic engineering, such as non-GMO project,
think that genetic engineering harms the humans and nature. Other people who support genetic
modified food, like Monsanto, think that genetic engineering helps produce more food with more
nutrition. I believe that genetic engineering should be restricted because it is changing the rules
of nature, and can harm humans.
Genetic Modified Plant’s Behavior
GMOs are disrupting the rules of nature by killing beneficial insect without control.
Genetic modified crops are improved to kill bugs and insects that tries to eat it. The genetic
modified corps produce some kind of poison called “Tb toxin” that kills the insects
(Environmental Risks). However, this might disrupt the nature because these insects help plants
reproduce and provide plants with nutrition. It is true that some farmers use chemical pesticides,
but if the crops grow outside the farm, they won’t be harmed by the pesticide. When the genetic
modified crops grow outside the field, they will still harm the insects because it is in their gene.
Also, the genetic modified crop could spread their gene to the organic crops making them to
have the same bad gene that kills pest. Not all of the insects and germs are harmful; for example,
bees cannot harm people or plants, in fact the help the plants reproduce and they also produce
honey for people. Worms that makes the soil better for planting and many others.
There are many solutions for the eliminating the pests in a natural way. One way is to
have an animal that preys on insects such as birds, but they might not be efficient eliminating the
insects. Also, the animals may cause some corps damage. Another method is to make your own
natural pesticide, and to make the natural pesticide you have to know your plants first and the
pests that are damaging the plants. One of the natural pesticide is to mix canola oil and Ivory
soap into and water and then spray it onto the plants to eliminate soft-bodied insects like worms
(Eartheasy). Insects helps keep the balance of nature because they help give the plants good
nutrition, and there are some other animals that prey on them as their main source of food.
Without the insects, some animals that depends on insects my not survive and disrupt the balance
Some diseases can be cured or our bodies have immunity to it, but these diseases that are
genetic modified are hard to cure and they are new to our body. Biological weapons have been
around long time ago, people would a host of a deadly disease into the enemy camp, using
animals or a human that can infect the people. However, these diseases have been recently
modified for the purpose of weapon use. Even the way they are delivering it is different.
According to Kang, “Biotechnology may be used to manipulate cellular mechanisms to cause
disease. For example, an agent could be designed to induce cells to multiply uncontrollably, as in
cancer, or to initiate apoptosis, programmed cell death.” Once these experiments get outside of
the lap, they are out of control. Therefore, genetic engineering help produce more biological
weapons that harms people.
On the other hand, some people think that genetic engineering is helpful because it can produce
more food and cure people.
Genetic engineering supporters claim that the GMOs (Genetic Modified Organs) is the
solution for world hunger. This is not true, because the amount of the food is not the problem,
the way it is distributed is the problem. For example, fruits and veggies grows more in the
tropical areas than dessert areas. Therefore, making more food cannot solve anything.
Additionally, some companies are producing seedless food so they can sell more seeds but the
farmers cannot produce more.
Another thing is that they believe that GMOs provide more nutrition than the organic
food. That might be true, but because the genes are mixed with other organs GMOs can cause
allergy to some people. For example, if someone has an allergy to peanut and the fruit he ate had
some peanut genes, he might get allergy.
Genetic engineering supporters say that genetic engineering help cure people and produce
medicine. This is an interesting point because I agree with it.. Diabetes is one of the common
diseases that makes the body produce less insulin which is a hormone that dissolve carbohydrates
so the body can use it. Genetic engineering figured out a way to solve the lack of insulin in
diabetes patients’ body by inserting the gene that produce the insulin into a germ. They insert it
into a germ because the germs reproduce quickly and each new germ has the same new gene
producing more insulin. There are even more other ways to cure diseases that are genetic by
fixing these genes, but this process might take a long time or might not work at all.
I think that the genetic modified food production should stop or limited because of the
side effect that is harming the nature which we all share and effect our bodies slowly. Having
plants that kills insects everywhere could lead to breaking the food chain and disturb the rules of
nature. Having a food that contains some kind of toxin in it might not be as harmful is it is on
insects but it would still have some effects However, I support the idea of curing diseases using
genetic engineering because there are a lot of people that are suffering from diseases that do not
have any cure, and I personally know people that have diabetes who are using insulin produced
by genetic engineering.
In conclusion, I think that genetic engineering should be limited because it harms the
nature and people. Genetic modified corps kills the pest causing a disorder to the balance of
nature, and because it is getting out of control and growing in the wild, they are even killing the
beneficial wild insects. Also, genetic engineering is applied in the biological weapons to make
the new disease even more complicated and hard to cure. The people who support genetic
engineering think that it helps produce more food to solve world hunger, but the problem is
geographic not in the amount of food, so producing more food will not solve anything. They also
believe that genetic engineering can help cure diseases. I am with this point because it helps cure
disease that do not have cure. At last, genetic engineering could be useful if it was used carefully
and wisely and testing the project before applying it several times because there might be some
side effects that are hard to observe.
"Eartheasy." Natural Garden Pest Control: Safe, Non-Toxic Methods & Solutions |
Eartheasy.com. N.p., 2014. Web. 13 Apr. 2017.
"Environmental Risks." Institute for Responsible Technology. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Apr. 2017.
KANG, KEVIN. "Genetically Engineered Bioweapons: A New Breed of Weapons for Modern
Warfare." DUJS Online. N.p., 11 Mar. 2013. Web. 13 Apr. 2017.
Vanloqueren, Gaëtan, and Philippe V. Baret. "How agricultural research systems shape a
technological regime that develops genetic engineering but locks out agroecological
innovations." Research policy 38.6 (2009): 971-983. Google Scholar. Web. 21 April 2017.
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