Running head: ASSIGNMENT
Q1: How can we explain this paradox: ‘It is the deviants among us who hold society
Ironically, it is the deviants who hold a society together. When individuals commit an act
of defiance, they break the moral codes that all members of the particular society are accustomed
to following. When these codes are broken, the society tries to repair the collective conscience of
the society. The repair is accomplished through approaches such as punishment or rehabilitation.
The moral code repair approaches, both formal like court hearings and informal like gossip bring
members of the society together and tighten the bond.
Q2: Explain the difference between material and non-material culture, and provide an
example for each.
Material culture includes the physical objects that can be touched, felt and seen and
defines the lifestyle of a particular group of people. For example, churches are physical objects
that can identify a society's Christian faith. Similarly, a presence of plantations and domestic
animals can define people's economic activities. Material culture connects people with their
physical environment and nature as well. They mostly entail human creations or production.
Non-material culture, on the other hand, is the non-physical aspects that define a people, for
example, beliefs, knowledge, morals, norms, ideas, at...