Running head: Short Brief Answers
Short brief answers
Date of submission:
Detail the policy formation process, and discuss the various groups that are involved along the
Policy- action/decision taken by the government aimed at solving and improving the quality of
life of the citizens. The policy formation process goes through several steps:
1). Recognizing the problem- involves identifying a problem (such as crime) which attracts the
attention of the government.
2). Setting the agenda- entails the government pinpointing that it has a problem which requires
3). Formulating the policy- establishing a strategy that will aid in solving the problem. This step
comes with several conflicting issues. It involves various players such as the president, white
house, agency officials, policy makers, Congress, courts and much more interests groups.
4). Adopting the policy- involves accepting and choosing the best policy for the various plans.
Often, a policy is implemented once the Congress passes a law.
5). Implementing the policy- often carried out by other institutions rather than the ones that
formulated and adopted it. Most policies are seen through by the executive arm of the
government although the courts at times may get involved in the implementation process.
6). Evaluating the policy- takes place over time with the interested groups contributing to the
policy. Most evaluations call for either a correction or a change though some of them disagree
with the entire policy.
The authority to formulate and implement a policy is usually divided into several groups. These
include the Congress, the country’s President, the Cabinet, government advisors, state and
federal courts, the media, political parties, the media and the list is endless. All these play a
particularly unique role in the policy formulation and implementation process.
Detail ways that citizen involvement has advanced American democracy.
The involvement of citizens in the decisions of the government is an instrumental driver of the
American democracy as well as a crucial way of empowering them. Measuring the level of
citizen participation of which voting is among the core form of such participation, has been used
as the most effective tool for identifying the peoples’ participation in the United States
The United States government by involving its citizens in its decisions has been an example of
the idea of democracy, its development, and promotion which offers a link between the citizens
and their patriotism and national vanity.
Explain the arguments that occurred during the Constitutional Conven...