Running head: THEOLOGICAL INQUIRY
TRS100B Study Guide for the Final Exam
TRS100B Study Guide for the Final Exam
Council of Nicea
The Council of Nicea as described in the context was a historic Christian bishop
gathering in today’s Iznik, Turkey, around 325 CE. Set up by the newly-transformed Emperor
Constantine, it highly condemned the art of Arianism as a profanation and made the Nicene
Nicene Creed is an official proclamation of faith handed out by the Council of Nicea
which is still rehearsed in most Christian churches today: Additional to the Creed, the Council of
Nicea bishops issued about twenty canons, or willpowers, after the inference of the council who
are relatively mundane and mostly deal with clerical matters.
Jesus Christ was a Jewish, man who called himself the son of God and had the power to
heal, exorcise demons and lived about 4BCE and whose life teachings form the basis of
Trinity, as referred by the Christians, is the belief that God is three persons in one God,
which comprise of God the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit.
From the context, the Holy Spirit makes one the three persons in one God: The Father,
Son and Holy Spirit or rather, the third person of the Trinity.
Basic Beliefs About Jesus Christ
The core beliefs about Jesus Christ include: Jesus Christ lived in the North of Palestine
near the sea of Galilee, He was a skilled carpenter and stones man his family was Jews. There is
also a basic belief that he was the Son of God and that Jesus was baptized by John the Baptist.
Salvation, Sin and Grace
Sin, as ascribed by Christians, is the basic fallenness or brokenness of the world. Grace,
on the other hand, is the special way in which Jesus Christ extends his unmerited blessings and
friendliness to the sinful humanity. Lastly, salvation is when a Christian decides to leave the
sinful part of humanity and believes that Jesus Christ is the savior of the world and Christians
hope for forgiveness and eternal life through baptism and confession. The three aspects have a
relationship that grace is imparted into the human being after avoiding the sinful aspect and
having faith, and the result is that one receives salvation.
Diversity in Christianity
One of the reasons for having so many Protestant churches is that Christians struggle with
a lot of pride, egocentrism, and arrogance, and this means they occasionally respond to
interpersonal conflict poorly. This conflict has often led to disputes and divisions within
churches and denominations, which in turn has led to the creation of new Protestant churches.
Another reason is due to legitimate disagreements about secondary beliefs. For instance, what
baptism means and the kind of people to be baptized, the structure of local churches and the
appropriate people to fill the leadership roles and how often should the communion practice be
conducted among other concerns. Lastly, diverse groups of Christians have different
personalities, cravings, and talents. Some are more devoted to God through the application of
their minds while others focus on rational discernments and biblical knowledge.
The ecumenical movement is an originality in the Christianity history. Ecumenical
movement advocates for one church in the universally and visibly united, ministering for the
transformation of the non-religious world. Ecumenism attempts to accomplish an ecclesial
reunification unity using some strategies that include use of particular doctrines, approaches, and
activities. Ecumenism also uses dialogue, open communication with the view of advancing
mutual understanding and unity.
Question 1: Three Common Elements of Christian Spirituality
God the Father
An element of spirituality that is self-emptying, silent and apophatic. Apophaticism is connected
to the Father as a part of spirituality, to that, the aspect of God that is truthfully transcendent,
unlimited and before Him, we are reduced to silence. From the very beginning, there were
different names such as Yahweh, the Unconquerable Sun, No-Thingness, Grandfather Spirit, and
God the Son
From a personal perspective, as articulated in the person of the Son in the Christianity custom
has its roots in Judaism. Spirituality is embodied in the component of the holy trinity; speech
instead of silence signifies the Son who is the manifestation of the Father. Mostly, we see the
spirituality element of the son when a purpose or providence of love is personified, when it takes
a name, and we speak his name, then we feel a full trust in His name. To many Christians, Jesus
Christ represents an embodiment, God’s Everlasting Word-in-the-flesh, emphasizing the verse:
John 3:16, “For God so loved the world…He gave only begotten Son”. The Son as a common
element of Christian spirituality acts as a revelation to the “mystery concealed from eternity.” He
serves as the cosmos growing conscious; The Son part provides us with soul-space.
God the Spirit
This is an element of spirituality that contains divine immanence and is realized in the Holy
Spirit who brings an awareness that a human being is enveloped ...