What are the biggest debates between science and ethics today?, history of science question help

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Question Description

1.What are the biggest debates between science and ethics today? Can you predict what some of the future debates might be? Use examples from the reading and cite your sources.

2. How were scientific methods of reason established during the Enlightenment introduced into CHOOSE ONE: philosophy, literature, politics or economics?

3.Were the scientific advancements of the Industrial Revolution more beneficial for travel or commerce? Why? Discuss at least two inventions in your response. Use examples from the reading and cite your sources.

4.What were some of the new branches of physical science, historical science and social science that developed in the late 19th and early 20th centuries? Focus on one and explain how it developed and how it helped diversify the field of science.

Use examples from the reading and cite your sources.

5.Define empiricism. How does it differ from rationalism and which is more important in the field of science?

6. Evaluate this statement:

"The history of Science is not a more record of isolated discoveries; it is a narrative of the conflict of two contending powers, the expansive force of the human intellect on one side, and the compression arising from traditionary faith and human interests on the other." ( from John William Draper's, A history of the Conflict between Religion and Science.)

Give at least TWO examples of conflicts that Draper might be describing. Cite your sources when appropriate.



For each question, minimum of ten sentences is required.

Tutor Answer

eetorres
School: Cornell University

Here you go! Let me know if you need anything. :D

1. What are the biggest debates between science and ethics today? Can you predict what
some of the future debates might be? Use examples from the reading and cite your sources.
The development of science has always been seen as a threat to ethics and morality,
especially as certain discoveries have been, unfortunately, made at the cost of human
suffering. Nowadays, scientific and technological development has been regulated, to avoid
situations like this from happening again. Yet, though we are under stricter regulations, the
problem of ethical violations persists. For example, “improved treatments for infertility have
raised a host of unprecedented ethical and legal issues concerning the rights of children,
surrogate mothers, and biological and nonbiological parents” (McClellan, et al, 400). The
increase of children born due to in vitro fertilization increased rapidly since the technology was
discovered, and it is still a subject of controversy. Surrogacy, in particular, is often criticized for
being another way in which the rich exploit the poor. (Cite) Fortunately, medical research
tends to be under a lot of regulation. Unlike medical sciences, though, the development of
weapons is not under too strict a rule. Therefore, I think that one of the biggest ethical
challenges to come would be the incorporation of Lethal Autonomous Weapons, as robotics
and computer science advance to allow this to happen. As we stand, the machines are
plausible, but not completed. When developed, the ...

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Anonymous
awesome work thanks

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