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Running head: LEADERSHIP THEORY
Topic: Leadership Theory
Effective leadership in a firm is the driving factors that ensure that ethical culture and
ethical decision making gets exhibited in a company. Leadership refers to the process of
delegating roles to people with the aim of achieving a common goal. Leadership enables one
develop the vision, ideas, and engaging in acts designed to reach the vision of the leadership. A
leader requires using his or her position to influence other individuals to operate within the
principles they put to achieve the vision together as a group. Leaders use their charismatic
attitude it changes other people not only within the firm where they operate but also amongst
other people they interact to give the company a real name. Leaders ought to apply their
leadership to manage and deal with a problem that faces their businesses, alongside making their
businesses one of the best places to work on Earth.
Effective leadership enables companies to create visions aligned within the organization’s
mission and vision statements. According to Meindl, and Schyns, (2015), the effective leadership
lets one make discern judgments on and motivate others toward the reaching the goals of the
company. It, therefore, remains fundamental that success of a firm depends on the leadership in
place. At the same time, it depends on the leader’s ability to relate well and control the activities
of the company. The company decisions must fully comply with ethical standards, which begin
right from the boss, or CEO, then trickles down to the lowest ranking employees of the
Ethics may as well get referred to as the moral philosophy involves developing,
sidelining and choosing the right from wrong. Gill, (2013) mentioned that professional
personalities ought to carry their businesses in ethical means. Ethical leadership, on the other
hand, refers to the creation of ethical perspectives where the leadership may use as the mirror to
The paper performs a thorough examination of two leaders in the USA, both whose
contribution remained significant towards the success of the companies that they led. One such
leader is Allan Mullaly of Ford, while the other is Steve Jobs of Apple Inc. the two leaders
exhibited strange ethical managerial skills, leadership management styles and powerful decisionmaking techniques. According to Meindl, and Schyns, (2015), the leaders seem to have been the
reason behind the success that occurred in those firms. Despite indicating various styles of
leadership and management, the leadership ensures that the managerial team would perform their
duties according to the set goals. Recognition remained the most profound element of the two
leaders, for they used beyond their resources to make sure that the companies succeeded.
Steve jobs apple Inc.
Steve jobs get remembered not only for the wonders that Apple Inc. attained but also for
the leadership skills that Steve held. According to Winkler, (2012), Steve purposely articulated
their terms of the business ensuring that they operated in alignment. Steve was an employee,
CEO, and chairman at Apple Inc. the computer manufacturing firm created in 1976 emerged
from their family’s garage and grew to be a multi-billion empire, and currently employs
thousands of people, either directly or indirectly.
Steve Jobs dropped out of the CEO position in 1985, from his authoritative personality,
however, he got reinstated as the leader after some time. When he got back to his post as the
CEO of Apple Inc. he left a legacy in the company that made Apple Inc. famous. Steve Jobs gets
considered one of the most successful CEO, not only in America, but also in the entire universe
during his time. Steve Jobs exhibited a unique leadership style, ethnic standards, and consistency
in the decision-making process, (Gill, 2013).
Steve Jobs present transformational leadership, when he predicts the future of Apple Inc.
through the significant amount of investments that he and his colleagues perform. Steve jobs
used transformational leadership to practice entrepreneurship within the company that led to the
development of sophisticated devices including the iPods, and Mac. Steve created a list of
opportunities, the creation of visions, and trends within the firm. Steve developed unique
manners the enabled him to maneuver the followers to embrace the changes that he intended
practiced within the organization. He ensured that his followers took the processes entirely
seriously. The workers instead acquired the leadership skills, autonomously generating decisions
within their levels of operation. The firm, in turn became properly managed, and the creation of
challenged and rewarded workers.
According to Meindl, and Schyns, (2015), innovative ideas are the primary game plan
behind each transformational leader. For instance, Steve Jobs took numerous risks most of which
resulted in the creation of inventions, some of which get embraced till now. Transformational
leaders engage in risky behaviors that consume the resource of the company, but the outcomes
get fruitful when the deals get accomplished to success. Steve Jobs is one such transformational
leader who, through his charisma influenced workers to perform duties based on his
On the other hand, Steve Jobs, indicated autocratic leadership, when he developed strong
rules that he expected each person to follow unquestioningly. Winkler, (2012) adds that
authoritarian leadership comprises individuals who create rules and practices meant to put
employees to the task. Autocrats consider employees tools of duty intended to accomplish their
Steve jobs did not require the contribution of his employees, whether there existed a
bunch of genius lot, he considered all of them being dispensable at the slightest mischief. The
relevance of autocratic leadership gets important when it comes to dealing with large enterprises,
with organized management and a majority of the staff knows their duties to the latter. Many
employees would perform their roles because they know them, and them also acknowledging
that laxities might result in dire consequences from their employers, or supervisors (Gill, 2013).
It is noteworthy to comprehend that autocratic leadership turns employees into robots and
workhorses, which reduces innovation. People perform exactly what their bosses want them,
bearing no considerations to the other side of the report. The absence of the leaders results in the
fall of those companies. Steve jobs was a leader who openly referred to their competitors using
vague names, such as evil, mediocre or as people that did not have a taste. However, according
to Steve jobs, innovation remained the only means that he fought his competitors. The powers of
Steve’s leadership depended on his innovative ideas and he got referred to as the father of
Ethical leadership comprises seven apparent features that make their leaders stand out
from the rest. The elements of ethical leadership include a passion for living and dying for the
truth, possession of strong personalities, considerate on the stakeholder’s interest, proactive,
serve as role models to their staff members. Ethical leaders remain transparent in their dealing
and ensure that they do not let any decision-making process pass them. Ethical leaders consider
themselves role models to their followers and embrace a holistic perspective of the company.
Ethical deontology referred to Steve Jobs’ ethical managerial perspective. Total
adherence would matter most with ethical standards of leadership, with the leader expected to
adhere to the duties and obligations even when caught between conflicting moments. Steve jobs
remained persistent to his direction and gave orders and instruction he wanted to get followed to
the latter. Steve jobs compared to Leon Trotsky of Russia, for his sincere vision that did not
tolerate any form of imperfections and mentalities of the world, (Gill, 2013).
Steve jobs prematurely ended the tenure of many employees who he thought did not work
to their expectations. All workers that he felt did not measure up to the requirements of the
company had their roles transferred to other workers, and rendered invaluable to the firm.
According to Parry, and Meindl, (2012), the deontological perspective viewed the culture of
Apple Inc. as power culture during Steve jobs’ tenure. Steve performed his duties with a strong
passion, and displayed proactive personality doing the right things as they ought to get
performed. Steve jobs encouraged transparency throughout his reign, and ensured that employees
performed things according to ethical standards, giving no personal preference to any employees.
According to Winkler, (2012), Steve Jobs displayed great ethical managerial and decision
making, and an indication of effective leadership skills. Acting as CEO and chairman of Apple
Inc. Steve Jobs engaged in numerous authoritative decisions making, which saw Apple Inc.
achieve goals that surpassed their expectations. Although, not all decisions that he and h...