modernization—the inexorable spread of knowledge, technology, culture, and capital from country to country (1)—has
been a force both for good and ill, especially when it comes to health and dietary trends.
The good: modernization has lifted millions of people out of poverty,
reducing hunger and infectious disease, and, in turn, improving quality
of life. The ill: The same social and economic shifts that have
increased people’s wealth have also increased their waistlines—and are
driving the obesity epidemic in China, India, and other developing