HIST 101 West Los Angeles College History Multiple Choice Questions

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1, Historians have suggested that Minoan religion venerated female deities such as fertility goddesses. Which of the following archeological finds could support this conclusion? Group of answer choices A, Female statue (c. 28,000–25,000 BCE, stone) found near Willendorf, a village in Lower Austria. B, Female statue known as a Kore (c. 530 BCE, marble) discovered in Athens. C, “Snake goddess” or female divinity holding snakes (c. 1600, fiaence pottery) found in the ruins of the palace of Knossos. D, Female figurines (c. 2000 BCE, marble) discovered in tombs on islands in the Aegean Sea. 2, How were Minoan and Mycenaean societies similar during the Bronze Age? Group of answer choices A, Both were ruled by a king and aristocratic bands. B, War was common in both societies. C,Both were ruled by city councils. D, Both were egalitarian societies. 3, What do the thick walls of Mycenaean cities and evidence found in Mycenaean tombs (image below) suggest about Mycenaean society? Group of answer choices A, That trade was the most important aspect of Mycenaean life B, That it was more peaceful than that of the Minoans C, That political power was highly centralized D, That it was highly militaristic 4, The Phoenicians are credited with inventing the first Group of answer choices A, pictographic script. B, syllabic script. C, system of writing. D, alphabetic script. 5, Which of these was the primary function of Greek priests and priestesses? Group of answer choices A, They performed the sacrifices at public religious ceremonies. B, They offered consul to Greek political officials. C, They acted as guardians of sacred Greek writings. D, They were responsible for overseeing the education of Greek children. 6, All of the following were Greek forms of government EXCEPT: Group of answer choices A, Democracy defined a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state. B, Oligarchy defined as a system of government in which a small group of people has control. C, Anarchy defined as a system without a publicly enforced government or political authority. D, Monarchy defined as a system of government in which one person has control. 7, Athens is considered to be the world' first democratic government. In Athens, Group of answer choices A, Men and women were considered equal. B, Male citizens did not enjoy perfect political equality. C, Male citizens enjoyed perfect political equality. D, Even slaves had the right to vote. 8, Between the mid-eighth and the late-sixth centuries BCE, the Greeks founded more than four hundred colonies along the shores of the Mediterranean and Black Seas. What was a root cause of Greek overseas expansion? Group of answer choices A, A sense of pride associated with military conquests of other peoples B, Economic decline C, Pressure from migrating nomads D, Population growth E, Development of imperial ideology 9, Why did the geography of ancient Greece encourage political fragmentation? Group of answer choices A, Its mountains impeded communication between regions. B, Its many swamps made travel and transportation of goods difficult. C, Its coastal outline prevented communication. D, Its plains were too vast to be crossed. 10,Which of the following statements accurately describes hoplite warfare between Greek city-states? Group of answer choices A, Hoplites were heavily armed and mounted aristocratic warriors. B, Hoplites were trained for individual combat, and sought glory in attacking the enemy alone. C, Hoplites were a type of ship, first developed by the Greeks to fight the Persians. D, Hoplites were citizen-soldiers responsible for buying their own equipment. They fought together as a unit called a phalanx. E, Hoplites were slaves who were forced to fight for the Athenians. 11, All of the following is true about tyrants in Ancient Greece EXCEPT: Group of answer choices A, Many tyrants promoted prosperity by protecting farmers, encouraging trade, and undertaking public works. B, Tyrants were ambitious political leader who gained power by irregular means such as the support of hoplite armies. C, The term tyrant did not carry the negative connotation that it does today. D, Tyrants were oppressive despots without popular support. 12, All of the following is true about Greek religion EXCEPT: Group of answer choices A, Greek gods were similar to the Hebrew god. They were very demanding and judgmental. The Greeks feared their gods and divine retribution. B, Greek temples were built as houses of the gods, not centers of worship. As a result, Greeks made regular offerings to the gods at altars located outside temples, in homes, fields, and sacred groves. C, Greek gods were anthropomorphic and exhibited exaggerated human strengthens and virtues as well as weaknesses and vices. Although they were immortal, they could be tricked and manipulated by humans. D, Every four years a festival was held in Olympia in honor of the gods where participants demonstrated their athletic skill. This festival inspired the creation of the modern Olympic Games in 1894. 13, Which Greek polis had a political system that included two kings? Group of answer choices A, Corinth B, Athens C, Sparta D, Thebes 14, Which of the following describes Spartan society? Group of answer choices A,Much of the education of youths between the ages of 13 and 20 was entrusted to older accomplished warriors who selected boys as their lovers. The older warriors served as tutors and role models. B, Sparta was governed by two hereditary kings and a council of elders known as the gerousia. The kings were in charge of religious affairs and military command. The gerousia directed all political and judicial activity. C, All of the above. D, Military service was mandatory. At the age of seven, Spartan boys entered the state education system where they endured rigorous military training until the age of 30. E,Spartans believed that people exist for the good of the state and therefore must place their duty to the state before their family and themselves. 15, One of the most popular forms of entertainment in Greece was theater. Who was the patron god of theater? Group of answer choices A, Hera B, Zeus C, Hades D, Dionysus 16, Who helped finance the construction of the acropolis in Athens? Group of answer choices A, Pericles B, Plato C, Cleisthenes D, Solon 17, All of the following describes the conflict known as the Persian Wars (499-449 BCE) EXCEPT: Group of answer choices A, Athenian victory at the Battle of Marathon solidified the superiority of the hoplite phalanx as the finest infantry formation. B, The Persian Wars began after Greek city-states in Ionia rebelled against their Persian overlords. C, The Persian Wars led to the decline of Athenian influence. D, Most of what we know about the Persian Wars comes from the writings of Herodotus (484-420 BCE) who is often hailed as the world’s first historian. E, Victory in the Persian Wars influenced Greek belief in the superiority of the Greeks over the barbarians (literally “those who speak other languages” or those who do not speak Greek). 18, How did Sparta respond to Athen's aggressive pursuit of imperialist policies after their victory in the Persian wars? Group of answer choices A, Sparta was alarmed, and relations between Athens and Sparta grew more hostile. B, Sparta sought full partnership in Athens's imperialist schemes. C, Sparta rejoiced in the militarization of democratic Athens. D, Sparta was too weak to offer anything but muted protests. 19, In what way were the major thinkers of Athens's Golden Age, such as Protagoras, Socrates, Herodotus, Thucydides, and Hippocrates alike? Group of answer choices A, These thinkers were all failed soldiers or sailors. B, They all undermined traditional mythological views of the world. C, Each of them was a prolific writer who left volumes of philosophy to posterity. D, All these men were born as slaves but rose through their merits. 20, All of the following is true about slavery in Ancient Greece EXCEPT Group of answer choices A, In Athens, slaves were considered property. Slave owners were under no obligation to treat their slaves well. They could beat, sexually exploit, tattoo, starve, and shackle their slaves. B, People were typically enslaved because of their race, ethnicity, or religion. C, Slaves were captured in war. D, Slavery was a very common practice in Ancient Greece. The economy of many Greek city-states depended on slave labor because slaves worked as domestic servants, shopkeepers, miners, farmers, and oarsmen on ships. 21, Why did Greek citizen men place Greek citizen women under their guardianship? Group of answer choices A, To control their votes in the assembly B, To protect them from criminals C, To maintain family property D, To demonstrate their manly strength 22, What role did wives play in family finances? Group of answer choices A, Wives had complete control over a couple's finances. B, Wives were partners with their husbands in owning and managing the household's property. C, Wives had no financial rights or responsibilities at all. D, Wives were allowed to control household finances but nothing else. 23, Which of these was an important difference between Greek comedies and tragedies? Group of answer choices A, Tragedies were tools for the reinforcement of the status quo. B, Comedies commented directly on public policy. C, Comedies were written by members of the lower class. D, Tragedies were staged at festivals honoring the god Dionysus. 24, Which of the following describes one of the most important consequences of the Peloponnesian War (431–404 BCE) between Athens, Sparta, and their allies? Group of answer choices A, Athens emerged as the undisputed leader of Greece. B, Persia was able to take advantage of Greek divisions to complete its conquest of the Greek mainland. Sparta was hopelessly weakened and ceased to play a role in Greek politics. C, Sparta's victory propelled it to lasting domination of Greece. D, The war left Greece exhausted and demoralized thus paving the way for foreign conquest, such as the conquest of Philip of Macedon. 25, Which of these was an important consequence of Alexander's conquests? Group of answer choices A,They brought the cultures of Greece and the Near East into closer contact. B, They undermined trade for a generation to come. C, They propelled Persia to even greater heights than it had achieved under its earlier rulers. D, They bankrupted the Macedonians and opened the way for a new imperial power. 26, How did Alexander try to establish control over the regions he conquered? Group of answer choices A, Gain the support of the poor and use it to dominate the rich. B, Keep an area's traditional administrative system in place while founding cities of Greeks and Macedonians in the conquered territory. C, Imitate the Persians in all things. D, Wipe out all existing institutions and replace them with Macedonians ones.. 27, Which Hellenistic thinker laid the foundation for modern geometry? Group of answer choices A, Eratosthenes B, Aristarchus C, Archimedes D, Euclid 28, You and a friend are visiting a museum, and your friend is surprised to see a a “Greeklooking” column labeled as being from Aï Khanoum, Afghanistan. You explain that this makes sense because Group of answer choices A, Greek artistic style and culture spread over the areas conquered by Alexander the Great. B, The Neo-Assyrians resettled conquered Greeks in this area. C, Roman soldiers brought Greek artifacts with them as they conquered this area. D, The Greeks copied their artistic style from the Persians. 29, What was a follower of Epicurus most likely to do? Group of answer choices A, Focus on personal feelings B, Strive for excellence in politics or battle C, Seek fame in music, literature, or art D, Attempt to reform the state 30, Which of the following correctly completes the blanks in this statement? _____________________ founded the Academy in Athens in 386 B.C.E. His most famous student was ____________________. Group of answer choices A, Plato; Aristotle B, Socrates; Alexander C, Aristotle; Alexander D, Socrates; Plato
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1, Historians have suggested that Minoan religion venerated female deities such as fertility
goddesses. Which of the following archeological finds could support this conclusion?
Group of answer choices
A, Female statue (c. 28,000–25,000 BCE, stone) found near Willendorf, a village in Lower
Austria.
B, Female statue known as a Kore (c. 530 BCE, marble) discovered in Athens.
C, “Snake goddess” or female divinity holding snakes (c. 1600, fiaence pottery) found in the
ruins of the palace of Knossos.
D, Female figurines (c. 2000 BCE, marble) discovered in tombs on islands in the Aegean Sea.
2, How were Minoan and Mycenaean societies similar during the Bronze Age?
Group of answer choices
A, Both were ruled by a king and aristocratic bands.
B, War was common in both societies.
C,Both were ruled by city councils.
D, Both were egalitarian societies.
3, What do the thick walls of Mycenaean cities and evidence found in Mycenaean tombs
(image below) suggest about Mycenaean society?

Group of answer choices
A, That trade was the most important aspect of Mycenaean life
B, That it was more peaceful than that of the Minoans

C, That political power was highly centralized
D, That it was highly militaristic
4, The Phoenicians are credited with inventing the first
Group of answer choices
A, pictographic script.
B, syllabic script.
C, system of writing.
D, alphabetic script.
5, Which of these was the primary function of Greek priests and priestesses?
Group of answer choices
A, They performed the sacrifices at public religious ceremonies.
B, They offered consul to Greek political officials.
C, They acted as guardians of sacred Greek writings.
D, They were responsible for overseeing the education of Greek children.
6, All of the following were Greek forms of government EXCEPT:
Group of answer choices
A, Democracy defined a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible
members of a state.
B, Oligarchy defined as a system of government in which a small group of people has control.
C, Anarchy defined as a system without a publicly enforced government or political authority.
D, Monarchy defined as a system of government in which one person has control.
7, Athens is considered to be the world' first democratic government. In Athens,
Group of answer choices
A, Men and women were considered equal.
B, Male cit...


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