Philosophy Discussion Board 3

Feb 15th, 2015
RockCafe
Category:
Philosophy
Price: $20 USD

Question description

The ancient Greek philosopher Socrates is known for a technique called the Socratic Method, in which the teacher leads the student through a process of questioning to come to a logically valid conclusion.

Born in 469 B.C.E., Socrates is considered one of the founding fathers of Western philosophy, even though he left no writings behind and very little is known about him. Everything that is known of his teachings is found in the works of his students, like Plato. Much of Plato’s writings are dialogues between Socrates and his students.

Using the Socratic method, answer the following questions:

Part 1

  • What do you think of Socrates’ conclusion that no person knowingly does evil, and therefore, all evil is ignorance?

  • Do you agree or disagree, and why?

    Part 2

  • If people accepted that all evil is ignorance, what implications would that have on the justice system?

  • How would prison sentencing or the death penalty be affected?

  • Discuss with 2 or more classmates their opinions and whether or not you agree or disagree with their statements.

    DB4

    For this Discussion Board, you will write a dialogue between yourself and an imaginary Socrates. You will debate the question of free will versus determinism. Remember that the Socratic Method involves asking a series of questions to clarify key words and ideas. In your dialogue, the imaginary Socrates should be asking clarifying questions, and you will be answering them. Please refer to the excerpt from Plato’s Meno as an example (below) to model your dialogue. This post should be 3–4 paragraphs.

    Your post should be a dialogue, which addresses the following questions, using the Socratic Method:

  • What is the definition of determinism?

  • What is the definition of free will?

  • Do you agree that every event has an explanatory cause?

  • How do you define event?

  • How do you define explanatory cause?

  • Do you agree that every human choice or event has an explanatory cause?

  • How do you define human choice? How do you define human event? Are they different?

  • Do you agree that to have an explanatory cause is to not be free?

  • How do you define free?

  • Do you think that free will and determinism can coexist in any way?

  • Is it possible to have external determinism and internal free will?

    To have cohesion and reach solid conclusions, your imaginary Socrates will probably ask you more questions than the ones listed above. Be sure to include all of the above ideas in your dialogue.

    Review Checklist before submitting post:

    Your dialogue should also include all of the following:

  • Use the Socratic Method to form all conclusions (this will be achieved by the question and answer dialogue between you and the imaginary Socrates).

  • Clear and concise language, using proper spelling, grammar, and punctuation

  • Correct definitions of free will and determinism

  • Logical explanations and valid reasoning for each conclusion

  • Clear answers to each question with a definite stance or position

  • You must reach a conclusive answer to each question

    Example:

  • Click here to read and excerpt from Plato's Meno (Soccio, 1995).


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