I'm working on a philosophy multi-part question and need a reference to help me learn.
1. Who has the stronger argument concerning whether we are not free/determinism or free/indeterminism, Holbach or James?
2. Who has the stronger argument concerning ethical relativism vs. ethical absolutism, Benedict or Stace?
Example: “I believe Holbach has the stronger argument, and James has the weaker argument.”
B. Provide an argument, supported by your own reasons/ideas, to justify why you believe that the position of one philosopher is stronger than the other.
1. Include your reasons why you selected one philosopher as having the stronger argument.
2. Include your reasons why you feel that the other philosopher has the weaker argument.
Example: “I believe Holbach has the stronger argument and I agree with him because (articulate your reasons).” I believe James has a weaker argument and I disagree with him because (articulate your reasons).”
C. Provide an objection to your argument. This will show how someone might disagree with the most important reasons/ideas that you have provided above.
Example: “I can see how someone might disagree with some of the points I made above. S/he might give these kind of countereasons/counterexamples (articulate these counterreasons/countereasons) against the points I made above (articulate these points).”
D. Counter that objection, with your reasons/ideas to defend your argument.
Example: “However, I can defend my argument by countering these objections 2 (counterreasons/counterexamples) as follows (articulate your counterreasons/counterexamples to these objections).”
Explanation & Answer
Please view explanation and answer below.
Information Processing Theory
Information Processing Theory
Question 1: Information processing theory
Sensory registers, also known as sensory memory, refer to short-term memory, lasting no
more than a few seconds (Sepp et al., 2019). Such a form of memory serves as a buffer against
any stimuli detected using the five basic senses. The triggers are retained in memory, albeit for a
minimal duration of time. Thanks to sensory registers, an individual can recognize an item at a
single glance so long as they had seen it a few seconds ago (Sepp et al., 2019). In fire and fire
safety situations, sensory registers allow the individual to respond appropriately and swiftly,
making prompt decisions based on the information gathered from their surroundings.
Not all forms of information, or data, are stored in sensory registers. The first criterion is
that the item or piece of information must be meaningful; if the individual does not deem it so, it
is naturally forgotten or passed to other forms of memory within a couple of seconds (Wong,
2011). The information must be simple and repeatable. Individuals retain the information in the
sensory register through brief attention and repetition. Puzzles cannot be passed into sensory
registers. The data must also be divisible into tiny bits (Wong, 2011). For example, an individual
could divide an emergency contact into pairs of numbers, making it easy to recall.
Information processing theory defines how individuals perceive, analyze, manipulate,
utilize and remember data and information in their immediate vicinity, as discussed by Pratiwi et
al., (2019). Some of the essential areas of development advanced through the information
processing theory relate to attention, memory, processing speed, organizational thinking, and
metacognition. As children mature, their selective attention, working and long-term memory,
processing speed, plan of thinking, and capability to rationalize their thinking process improve
tremendously. The theory insinuates that in fire and fire safety situations, adults and adolescents
are likely to be more prompt to act compared to children. Suc...