criminal justice, law homework help

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Question Description

All questions must have it own references after the question. APA guidelines, correct English and grammar, complete word count, good up to date references. Proper citations if needed. No cover sheet just answer question. This book is where we get the information and must be used as one of the references:

Textbook(s)Bohm, R. M., & Haley, K. N. (2012). Introduction to criminal justice (7th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.

All question must have it own reference after the answer. The word count is after each question.

1 Explain the difference between each of the following pairs: a) original and appellate jurisdiction, b) general and special jurisdiction, and c) subject matter and personal jurisdiction. 150 word count

2. Describe the responsibilities of a judge. (respond with a minimum of 150 words)

3. What three conditions must be met before a prosecutor charges a person with a crime and prosecutes the case? Why do prosecutors sometimes choose not to prosecute criminal cases? 11. Discuss problems that could occur due to one person having so much power and discretion. (respond with a minimum of 200 words)

4. Identify the type of court structure in the United States and describe its various components. Identify the ten purposes of courts. 150 word count

5. What are three basic types of plea bargains? What factors do prosecutors consider when deciding whether or not to plea bargain and what kind of bargain to make?200 word count. B. In a minimum of 100 words, describe the interests served and not served by plea bargaining.

6. List and define the stages of a criminal trial. (250 word count)

7. Identify the general factors that influence a judge’s sentencing decisions. Describe how judges tailor sentences to fit the crime and the offender. (respond with a minimum of 150 words)

8. List five rationales or justifications for criminal punishment. Which rationale for criminal punishment is the only one that specifically addresses what has happened in the past, and what are its two major forms? (250 words count.)

Tutor Answer

School: Boston College



Criminal Justice: Case Study
Student’s Name
Institutional Affiliation

1. A)
Jurisdiction refers to the legal authority granted to the court to hear a particular type of
case. There are different kinds of jurisdiction; original and appellate, general, particular, subject
matter and personal jurisdiction. An original jurisdiction refers to the right to hear the case first.
Original jurisdiction is often awarded to all the federal district courts over all cases involving
federal law. On the other hand, appellate jurisdiction refers to the authority that the courts have
to hear appeals from the court of original jurisdiction. The courts of appeal use this jurisdiction,
to review the decisions made by the lower court (Bohm, 2012).
Specific jurisdiction refers to the authority of the courts over minor or less severe civil and
criminal cases, while general jurisdiction is the authority of the courts to handle more serious
cases like murder and civil cases with damages that cost more than ten thousand dollars.
Subject matter jurisdiction refers to whether a court can hear a case on a particular issue and it is
usually clearly defined, while personal jurisdiction refers to whether the court has the authority
over the person being convicted (Bohm, 2012).
The judge plays several roles including interpretation of the law, assessment of the
evidence presented and controlling the court proceedings. In pursuit of justice, judges are the
impartial decision makers (Wilson, 2012). The judge has to remain above the fray so as to
provide an independent assessment of the facts when dealing with an adversarial system of

justice whereby, the case is a legal contest between two opposing sides with a dynamic
presentation of legal arguments (Doran, Jackson, & Conference, 2000). Most criminal cases are
heard by the judges while sitting without a jury. The decision on whether the evidence presented
is credible and which witness is telling the truth lies on the Judge. Being the “Trier of fact,” the
judge then proceeds and applies the law to the facts to find out whether a civil claim has been
established, there is a balance of probabilities, or the proof is beyond a reasonable doubt. Finally,

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Tutor went the extra mile to help me with this essay. Citations were a bit shaky but I appreciated how well he handled APA styles and how ok he was to change them even though I didnt specify. Got a B+ which is believable and acceptable.

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