Scientific Method: Polar Ice Caps, biology homework help

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timer Asked: Jun 15th, 2017
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Question Description

Part A:

Read this post in its entirety BEFORE starting your work. This is a mental exercise and you will need to do some research on what other people are doing in real life on this issue to help model your project upon. Think big! Although you will not actually carry out this research project, it is an opportunity to practice science like scientists do. When we create a new research project, we start by seeing what other people have done and create a proposal to get funding and approval of our idea.

Then Answer the following and upload your answers into this folder (put them in this order with numbers and section headers):

  1. What was your Observation:
  2. What questions did you come up with based upon this observation?
  3. Where did you do some background research to find out more about your observation? Do some actual research on what others are doing/have done to study this issue. Where did you find your sources?
  4. —What is your Hypothesis? This should be a statement that could be supported or refuted. Do not discuss your personal opinion on whether you think the hypothesis will be supported or not at this stage. Just clearly state your hypothesis.
  5. Describe to me, in detail, your brilliant experiment. Do some real research on methods that other scientists are actually using. You have a limitless budget, so do not describe an experiment that could be done in your kitchen (for example, if you describe using ice cubes and a glass of water to study polar ice cap deterioration, you will receive a zero). Describe the methodology, technology and personnel you plan to use. This is a global problem which requires a global sized experiment. Cite your sources.
  6. What results did you find from your experiment (yes, this will invented based upon your knowledge of the subject)?
  7. How would you communicate your findings to the world? Be creative and professional.

Please note: Your submitted work needs to reflect that you have put in the time, effort, and due diligence to addressing these questions above. You may also use images in this assignment (don't worry about copyright because it is for education in a secured environment) to help support your points.


Part B:

Begin by reading the article

http://www.newyorker.com/news/news-desk/the-mistru...

Then post your opinion/view point below. Each post must be a minimum of 200 words, be well thought out, and always use professional, kind language. This is an opportunity to converse academically on some of the topics brought about in the article. It is not an opportunity to use abusive language or personal attacks of any kind. No exceptions. Once you post your view point you will then see what others have posted.


Part C:

Enter your information into the Biodiversity Topic Statement Form and upload your completed form here. There is no word minimum and you may state your topic in sentence format or just state the organism/ecosystem you wish to research.

In this assignment state your intended topic that you will be addressing in your paper AND list at least three references (using complete and correct bibliographic citations in CSE Name Year Style, more info below). You will choose a threatened or endangered species to write a literature review paper on. You can do any endangered species, it does not have to be a mammal (think fish, amphibian, insect) and it doesn’t need to be an animal! (Think plants!). Lots of endangered species out there – get creative!!! Please note: when choosing your topic, make sure that you are able to find enough scholarly articles to write your paper. Some species are more researched than others.

You must have at least one peer reviewed journal in your references for this assignment.

To find some inspiration check out http://www.iucnredlist.org , http://www.fws.gov/endangered , http://www.worldwildlife.org/species/index.html . Topics that you may NOT do are included on the BIODIVERSITY PAPER INSTRUCTION and below.

If your paper is written on an unapproved topic your will lose a minimum of 30 points from the final grade.

Topics that you may NOT do are: tigers, whales, pandas (red or giant), elephants, polar bears, rhinos, bluefin tuna, sea turtles, snow leopards, gorillas, chimpanzees, penguins, koala, monkeys, dolphins, sea lions, African Wild Dog, Amur Leopard, Black Footed Ferret, or California condors.

A note on submission: you should see submission options below. Since this is our first Turnitin.com assignment submitted via Canvas for the class, make sure you are able to see the submission button below. There is no additional login or password needed, everything occurs directly through Canvas. If, for any reason, you do not see submission entry way below, first try a different browser ( make sure to be on an actual computer, not a phone or tablet). Then, if that doesn't work, please contact eCampus help desk


Unformatted Attachment Preview

Biology 10 Biodiversity Topic Statement Form The species or ecosystem you are proposing to write your paper about is: ______________________ What agency/organization has legally declared this species as threatened or endangered? In full CSE Name Year style, list three reputable citations below. Only one can be a website. Please see the full biodiversity writing assignment and Canvas for additional details on CSE Name Year style. INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE BIO 10 Online BIODIVERSITY WRITING ASSIGNMENT Your task at hand is to learn how to locate reliable and scholarly information in order to thoroughly research your topic and develop a clear, concise written review of that topic. Your final product will be 12 point font, 1500-2000 word paper describing your findings and conclusions about your chosen topic. This type of paper is called a Scientific Literature Review Paper. Our Course Textbook: Write, Present, Create: Science Communication for Undergraduates, (Cognella, 2015 First Edition). Will assist you in submitting a successful paper. There are copies of this book in MLK Library for free checkout in course reserves if you do not wish to purchase. You are expected to have read the book in its entirety. Please see your Canvas Announcements for purchasing information. Please read this text before beginning on your paper. This assignment consists of two parts: Part I Biodiversity Topic Statement: submit the following to Canvas by 11:59 pm PST on the due date listed in your syllabus: {10 points} You may submit this to the folder anytime before the due date. In this assignment state your intended topic that you will be addressing in your paper AND list at least three references (using complete and correct bibliographic citations in CSE Name Year Style, more info below). You will choose a threatened or endangered species to write a literature review paper on. You can do any endangered species, it does not have to be a mammal (think fish, amphibians, insects) and it doesn’t need to be an animal! (Think plants and fungi too!). Lots of endangered species out there – get creative!!! Please note: when choosing your topic, make sure that you are able to find enough scholarly articles to write your paper. Some species are more researched than others. To find some inspiration check out http://www.iucnredlist.org , http://www.fws.gov/endangered , http://www.worldwildlife.org/species/index.html . Topics that you may NOT do are: tigers, whales, pandas (red or giant), elephants, polar bears, rhinos, bluefin tuna, sea turtles, snow leopards, gorillas, chimpanzees, penguins, koala, monkeys, dolphins, sea lions, African Wild Dog, Amur Leopard, Black Footed Ferret, or California condors. If your paper is written on an unapproved topic your will lose a minimum of 30 points from the final grade. Part II Biodiversity Writing Assignment (Final Paper, 1500 Words): Submit this to Canvas by 11:59 pm PST on the due date listed in the syllabus. NO HARDCOPY IS NEEDED {100 points} Note: Penalty for late papers is 10 points off per day (including weekends) – submit date will be marked once the paper is submitted to Canvas. No papers will be accepted after 5 calendar days past the due date. If your paper is late, it will be marked late as of when it was submitted online. There will be NO opportunity to make up the points allotted to this assignment. – Please note for winter and summer courses: absolutely no late papers will be accepted due to the timing of the short class. IF YOU DO NOT SUBMIT A WRITING ASSIGNMENT YOU WILL NOT RECEIVE A PASSING GRADE FOR THE CLASS – NO EXCEPTIONS Below is detailed information that you will need to complete your 4-6 page, 1500 word paper on your chosen threatened or endangered species. Purpose: One of the main purposes of this paper is for you to research data collected by other scientists and synthesize it into a coherent review of the information on your chosen topic. This paper is NOT an argument or opinion piece. A scientific paper presents facts and data in an unbiased, straightforward manner. Your paper should not be an argument for or against an issue and should not include personal information. The purpose of this assignment is to: 1.) Learn as much as you can about your topic. 2.) Evaluate the benefits and pitfalls of using a combination of primary and secondary sources (references). 3.) Draw conclusions as an informed member of society based upon your research. 4.) Learn how to write a concise, grammatically correct, non-plagiarized review paper. Writing Assignment: You must write a SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL STYLE paper on a species of your choosing that is currently being affect by biodiversity crisis. Please use the Short Guide to Writing About Biology, the CSE Name Year Style Guide and the information contained within this assignment as your guide. This paper should be an example of your best efforts at written communication. Part of your grade will be based on form, style, and grammar, while the content of your report will carry the heaviest weight towards your grade. The length of the write-up should be 4-6 pages (please no more than 6 pages), a minimum of 1500 words (not counting citations), 12pt. times new roman or Arial font, double-spaced, and word processed (approx. 1500-2000 words). FORMAT: You do not need to place these underline headers in your paper – this is just to help you create your paper. No need for an abstract. No cover page needed. 1. Introduction: describe the topic, indicate the scope and give any history and/or background information that is appropriate. (Cite literature) 2. Body: Include current information/arguments drawn from a wide array of literature sources and text. Connect the issue to some aspect represented in the text (In other words what have you learned in the class that has enabled you to write on this issue). Develop your ideas sequentially. (Cite literature) 3. Conclusion/Discussion: Pull together the information and ideas to make a coherent picture. Give some idea of the importance of the topic and its role in its community (if applicable). Also, indicate what the future may hold. (Cite literature) 4. Literature Cited: Follow the form as given at the end of these instructions. Note: all scientific names are in italics! For example, if we were doing our paper on tigers, it might look something like this: 1. Introduction: Introduce what the tiger is, where it is found, what it current status is (endangered/threatened?), how many are left in the world. (Cite literature) 2. Body: Why tigers are important to the health of the ecosystem, what has caused their decline, what is being done to help conserve the species (Cite literature) 3. Conclusion/Discussion: wrap up all points into a coherent closing; give ideas/hopes for the future (Cite literature) 4. Literature Cited: Follow the form as given at the end of these instructions. Citations: Always give credit for ALL information you have gained from someone else. The only information that does not need to be cited is data generated by you personally or common knowledge. In science, direct quotes are seldom used. Instead, information is summarized and the sources cited. Citations occur within the text using the CSE Name Year format NOT as footnotes. This is an activity to gauge how well you can write, not how well a published author can write. Therefore, DO NOT PUT DIRECT QUOTES FROM YOUR SOURCES. You must REPHRASE the information you have gathered. You must cite all your sources both within the body of the paper AND at the end, in the literature cited section. We will be using the CSE NAME YEAR style (or Council of Scientific Editors style) for all of our citations. You absolutely must use this style for your citations in this paper. You can find more detailed information on how to cite your references both within the body of your paper and at the end in your literature cited section by going to your course book, Write, Present, Create: Science Communication for Undergraduates (Cognella, 2015 – First Edition) Citing Your References in CSE Name-Year Style You MUST Use this format for your Literature citations within text (use ONLY this format): (Single Author) Alligator lizards are active during the day (Jones, 1984) while desert geckos are nocturnal (Smith, 1982). (Two Authors) Alligator lizards are active during the day (Jones and Davis, 1984) while desert geckos are nocturnal (Smith and Kirk, 1982). (More than 2 Authors) Alligator lizards are active during the day (Jones et al., 1984) while desert geckos are nocturnal (Smith et al., 1982). (Websites) Alligator lizards are active during the day (worldwildlifefund.org, 2008) while desert geckos are nocturnal (nature.org, 2008). If you have used a reference multiple times within the same paragraph, you may cite your reference at the end of the last sentence in your paragraph. Otherwise, cite your source at the end of the thought/idea of which you are using their information. These references are then included more fully in the Literature Cited section at the end of your report, in the following format. If you have used the Latin abbreviation et al., (which is short for ‘et alia’, or ‘and others’) within the body of your paper you MUST spell out each author’s name in the literature cited section. Literature cited section: You MUST Use this format for your Literature Cited section (use ONLY this format; no extra information is needed). Each individual citation is single spaced with a double space separating individual citations. No hanging indents. All left justified. Alphabetized by last name of first author (or website). Do not include URL information for peer reviewed articles you retrieved from an online database. To cite a peer reviewed journal article in CSE Name-Year Format: Jones, V.W., and Patel, M. 1984. Activity periods of alligator lizards. Journal of Lizard Research. 34(2):182-189. To cite a book in CSE Name-Year Format: Smith, I.M., Barlow, T.K., and Jerome, M.M. 1982. The Life of the Gecko. College of the Desert Press, Tucson. 333pp. To cite a website in CSE Name-Year Format: World Health Organization. Malarial mortality in Africa. 3 July 2001. http://www.who.int/rbm/Presentations. [accessed 2003 May 5] If you have used a reference multiple times within the same paragraph, you may cite your reference at the end of the last sentence in your paragraph. Otherwise, site your source at the end of the thought/idea of which you are using their information. These references are then included more fully in the Literature Cited section at the end of your report, in the following format. If you have used the Latin abbreviation et al., within the body of your paper you MUST spell out each authors name in the literature cited section. You must have at least 10 reputable literature sources. Of these 10, you must have: • A minimum of 8 peer reviewed journals • A maximum of 2 can be from an online only website (no minimum requirement for websites) • A maximum of 2 books (no minimum requirement for books) • A maximum of 2 secondary literature resources such as magazines (no minimum requirement of secondary sources) You MUST HAVE PRIMARY, PEER REVIEWED ARTCILES CITED IN YOUR PAPER. You may have NO Wikipedia resources! If you use multiple pages from a single website, it is still considered just one website-one source. When you access journals from the library through the internet, these are considered NON-WEB resources because they are simply electronic versions of hard copy papers that have been published in paper form elsewhere. Most libraries now store journal articles in electronic form. A “web” resource, is a website that does not exist in a published, printed format anywhere. If you access an electronic copy from a library database, treat it as a journal – do not put any info on what database you accessed it from. Grading: A copy of the grading rubric is available for you on Canvas. Plagiarizing: It is critical for you to understand that when you summarize articles, you must put what you read into your own words. By failing to do this you are plagiarizing (in essence stealing another person’s work) and will be penalized by receiving a zero on this assignment, putting you in danger of failing the course (NO exceptions)! Turnitin.com is a powerful tool that scans your paper for any unoriginal material, so please do not even think about turning in unoriginal work! All academic dishonesty events will be reported to the university. Lastly, I am available during office hours or by appointment to discuss any ambiguities regarding this assignment. If you do not understand something contact me sooner rather than later in order to successfully complete this assignment. ***Please see the grading rubric available on our Canvas page for detailed grading information *** All papers will be graded and feedback returned via Canvas ...
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Tutor Answer

henryprofessor
School: Boston College

Attached.

1
Scientific Method: Polar Ice Caps - Outline
Part A
I.

Observation

II.

Questioning

III.

Sources of information

IV.

Hypothesis

V.
VI.
VII.

Description of experiment including methodology and technolgy
Results
Communication of findings

Part B
I.

Article opinion

Part C
I.

Biodiversity topic statement form
A. Specie: Mountain plover
B. Responsible agency for declaration.
C. References.


Running head: SCIENTIFIC METHOD: POLAR ICE CAPS

Scientific Method: Polar Ice Caps
Name
Institution

1

SCIENTIFIC METHOD: POLAR ICE CAPS

2

Scientific Method: Polar Ice Caps
Part A
What was your Observation?
It is observed that there is a global rise in sea level that is causing flooding in different
parts of the world and destroying the natural habitat of the several species. Also, there is a
reduction in the two major ice sheets located in Greenland and Antarctica that represents the total
polar ice caps of the world that have a tremendous impact on global sea level.
What questions did you come up with based upon this observation?
The questions arise from these observed changes in the polar ice caps is the factors that
are responsible for the increase in the atmospheric temperature that is causing the ice caps to
melt? Why are the changes experienced so rapid that the polar ice caps are incapable of
withstanding the effect of the increase in high temperature? What are the projected changes in
sea level in the next few decades and what steps can be taken to reverse the adverse impact of the
problem?
Where did you do some background research to find out more about your observation? Do
some actual research on what others are doing/have done to study this issue. Where did
you find your sources?
One of the methods used to discover more information about the observations made
regarding the melting of polar ice caps was an online search for existing lite...

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Anonymous
awesome work thanks

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