Humanities
History 204 American Immigrants

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For this assignment, discuss six (or more) related events and developments that relate to Immigrants in America that affected their lives. Three of these events/developments must be from the years 1865-1920 and three of these events/developments must from the years 1920present. Then find at least two primary sources and four other sources for a total of six sources. A maximum of two of your sources can be videos. Any sources that are not primary sources or videos must be scholarly sources. Please remember that primary sources are documents or artifacts that were created at the time of a historical event or by someone who personally experienced a historical event. Primary sources can be newspaper or magazine articles, books, letters, speeches, photographs, oral histories, paintings, or any other record of a historical event. For this assignment: • State the thesis. • You must use at least six sources other than the textbook to support claims. • You must use at least two primary sources. • You may use no more than two videos. ◦ Any source that is not a primary source or a video must be a scholarly secondary source from the Ashford University Library. • Properly cite your sources within the text of your paper and on the references page. • Be four to five pages in length and formatted according to APA style. *Thesis statement: the thesis should be a one- or two-sentence summary of the main conclusions that you drew while researching the topic and that you will support in the paper by constructing a logical argument based on evidence (sources). Running head: AMERICAN IMMIGRANTS American Immigrants Jeremy M. Miller Ashford University: HIS 204 Professor Jillmarie Murphy February 23, 2015 1 AMERICAN IMMIGRANTS 2 American Immigrants The history of United States is characterized by the immigration and the impacts that the immigrants have brought into this country. The immigration in the United States has however had both the economic and social transmission 1865 to present day. There are thousands of immigrants that have moved to United States mainly in the 16th and the 17th century and especially due to the indentured labor and importation of slaves from both Africa and the Caribbean countries (www.uscis.gov). In essence, we look at the immigration from the years of 1865 and 1920 as well as from 1920s up to present day. The study will look at issues or events and developments relating to the immigrants that affected their lives in the United States. There have been so many events and developments but there are those that have been critical over the years. One of the issues to be discussed is the imposition of the qualitative restrictions (Goldin, 1994). The restrictions developed in 1875 aimed at reducing the amount or the numbers of immigrants who were arriving in the country. It was aimed at barring the coming of the convicts and prostitutes into the United States. There was also enhanced by the immigration act denying entrance of the mental defectives and paupers in the United States. The second development is the coming of the First World War. The war had virtually stopped the entrance of the immigrants in the United States. During the years of war the transatlantic immigrants could not move to this country, as there was not a clear way. After the war, in 1919 and 1920 the number of immigrants was much larger (Hernández, 2008). AMERICAN IMMIGRANTS 3 The other development during these years was the selection of the immigrants according to the literacy level. In 1896 the United States congress developed law that required immigrants to have approved literacy tests before admission to the country. The adult foreigners have to know how to read and write in any language before admission. This required the barring of people who could not pass the test as per the requirement (Bromberg, H. Immigration Act of 1917). Now from 1920 to date there have also been so many other developments. The period started with the temporary Quota Act of 1921. The Act of Congress aimed at setting the restrictions for immigrants’ admissions in the county, which was set up to 150000 per year starting in 2004. These gave large quotas to country that had many immigrants in the United States (Henderson, 2010). In the years between 1928-1933 America saw a fall in the immigration due to the administrative restriction of immigrants. This led to a point when entrance per year fell such a greater extent that America did not have to limit or choose the kind of immigrants or refugees that were let into the United States. In 1996 American congress passes laws for deportation of criminal immigrants, the access of immigrants to welfare as well as efforts to ensure reduction in illegal immigrants (Martin, and Midgley, 2003). This included the passing of the anti-terrorism and effective death penalty act. This made it simple to detain immigrants without bail to those who committed crimes in United States. AMERICAN IMMIGRANTS 4 Annotated bibliography http://www.uscis.gov/history-and-genealogy/our-history/agency-history/massimmigration-and-wwi This article from the official website of the department of homeland security, US citizenship and immigration services, record the evolving immigration services in the early 20th century. There were however challenges during the wartime. World War 1 according to the department reduced the number of immigrants. There were so many responsibilities imposed on the service and presidential proclamation in the error increased the requirements for the immigrant. They had to be screened at a large extent and there was a disruption of the cross border traffic during the era. This was therefore a big blow to the Americans as well as aliens who would have sought immigration into the country. Bromberg, H., Immigration Act of 1917. The article on the immigration in America puts across the impacts on immigration due to the changes brought by the 1917s immigration Act. This was a new development according to the author since it was the only federal law that aimed at putting literacy test in the stake of immigration. The author states that it looked like the law aimed at restricting some countries and people from certain regions since they were undesirable. The author highlights that the literacy requirement was vetoed by three presidents and looked as an obstruction to immigrants. Howard Bromberg further indicates that the literacy test was part of the hard restrictions imposed on the immigrants as well. AMERICAN IMMIGRANTS 5 Goldin, C. (1994). The political economy of immigration restriction in the United States, 1890 to 1921. In The regulated economy: A historical approach to political economy (pp. 223-258). University of Chicago Press. The authors start by highlighting the issues that came with the passage of the emergency quota Act of 1921. These brought to the end the era of American open immigration and unrestricted immigration. These acted as a closure to millions of immigrants from the European poorest countries who sought good life in the country. The article states the main players involved in immigration legislations and the control over the immigrants over the years. This article describes the circumstances that led to such restrictions including the economic threats and labor related issues just after the First World War. Henderson, T. J. (2010). Beyond Borders: A History of Mexican Migration to the United States. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons. The author describes that the administrative restriction of 1920s had a major effect on the American migration. The restriction mainly were imposed on the western hemisphere according to the author and aimed at making it harder for immigrants to enter the United States. In the wake of these restrictions, the congress imposed punishments to the immigrants who entered the country illegally. The author says that there were restriction to those who obtains visas and specific purposes were under restrictions on the undocumented immigrants who could be denied entry through the registry Act passed in 1929. The author says due to this, there was issues that were further relates to economy as well as dismissal of workers at certain times. AMERICAN IMMIGRANTS 6 Hernández, D. M. (2008). Pursuant to deportation: Latinos and immigrant detention. Latino Studies, 6(1), 35-63. The passing of deportation and detention laws in 1996 changes the shape of immigrant in the United States. The article looks on historical genealogy over the years in the United States. He states how the law has been affecting the noncitizen detention pursuant to the deportation of immigrants. He states that this has been seen as a war on immigration as the illegal immigrants are connected to terror and insecurity. The law he says, has allowed people homeland security to detain people even without trial. This has seen an increase in racial discrimination over the years. Martin, P. L., & Midgley, E. (2003). Immigration: shaping and reshaping America. In the section under the immigration policies the author states the presence of the qualitative restrictions lasting from 1875 to 1920. It states that the restrictions came after a shift from the civil war that had engulfed the United States at the time. There was growing concern due to the increase number of immigrants, which overwhelmed American. The restrictions were imposed because of the fear of foreigners and aimed to bar some of the immigrants. The author states that the restriction barred convicts and prostitutes while a law passed in 1882 added paupers and mental defectives to the list. The authors states that these laws aimed at preventing the increasing number of increasing immigrants. ...
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