Colonial Spanish America presented the phenomenon of widespread racial
mixture; the most important feature being the birth and growth of a new
hybrid race, the mestizo, resulting from the union of Spanish male and
Indian female, either through casual intercourse, concubinage, or
marriage. Spanish women first arrived in the New World on Columbus'
third voyage (1498) and before 1600 were found in practically all
settlements. Black females imported as slaves arrived in the early 1500s
and also spread through Spanish America. Three centuries of
miscegenation aided the process of acculturation as the women of each
race responded to contact with males of other races in keeping with
their own cultures. In the colonial society that developed, white women
from Spain were at the apex followed by creoles
Feb 17th, 2015
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