Bridging the Global Digital Divide in Egypt Research Paper

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Hello Henry, As I promised you, I am hiring you now to write the complete project. We have worked together a lot before in regards this project, below are examples of the previous word you did: https://www.studypool.com/questions/2205844 https://www.studypool.com/discuss/39075833/development-project-5 https://www.studypool.com/discuss/38383970/development-question-1 https://www.studypool.com/discuss/38079915/development-project-2-1 https://www.studypool.com/discuss/38525869/development-question-part-4 https://www.studypool.com/discuss/34591360/proposal-for-a-project https://www.studypool.com/discuss/38455392/article-analysis-assignment-1-1 • Review the current attached prospectus. The project is about (True Development in Egypt through Sustainable Technology) Attached the twopage prospectus and you are currently worked on updating them here (https://www.studypool.com/discuss/39181845/project-prospectus-proposal-powerpoint-presentation ) Please carefully note: There is a change on the subject it will be for Development Through Digital Transofrmation with a strong consider to CyberSecurity) Requirements: • The project is a student thesis, so make sure to focus on the mentioned subject and have a well-written project, plagiarism-free broad subjects-free. • 30 Pages (Not including the reference pages) are required. • There will be a requirement for changing after receiving the feedback from school members. You will work on them later. • Just to confirm, please focus on mentioned subject and do your best with this project. • I promise to give you an excellent tip after delivering a wonderful work True Development in the Middle East through Sustainable Technology- Outline I. Introduction A. In the past few years, numerous research experiences and initiatives have been conducted in relation to the importance of digital transformation and the role of cyber security in the Middle East. B. There is need for more innovative technological developments such as IoT, Big Data Analytics, virtualization, software designed defined networking, and machine learning to help in every sector. C. This paper proposes a prospectus proposal to analyze and promote digital transformation in the Middle East with the aim of enhancing development in terms of gender inequality, innovation, online learning and education. D. I will also incorporate, a literature review on technological development in Middle East, a research plan, research driven models for technological development and the anticipated benefits and challenges of the entire project. II. Literature Review A. According to Al-Baag & Shinawah, almost every Middle Eastern country is moving towards ecommerce and digital transformation and with more expansions these countries may thrive beyond other countries in the world. B. Gender equality will be achieved as the exponential growth of technology ill create opportunities for women to take part in economic development. C. In other study, Kihombo et al articulate that internet enabled devices, cloud computing and 3D printing will lead to automation of business tasks. The construction and energy sectors will also significantly benefit since 40% of their tasks will be automated. D. Akaey et al. conducted a study on the benefits of technological expansions in the middle east and found our that with digital transformation, Online Learning Environments will be established and education systems will be enhanced. E. In their study Al-Baag, & Shinawah purports those technological expansions will enable education sectors to take significant initiatives in offering services to students through the internet as a result of flexibility of learning everywhere. F. III. Digital transformation will ring Middle East opportunities as well as threats. Research Plan A. This study will examine development in the Middle East through digital transformation B. Data will be collected through online survey, reporting and case studies. C. The survey will be administered to participants through weblinks, emails, Facebook, Twitter and website Popups. IV. Anticipated Challenges and Benefits A. One the challenges is communication challenges. B. Online communication with participants may be challenging especially when they are not fully prepared. C. Also, there is the issue of time management. Pending time to learn skills and implement the proactive measures may take a lot of time. D. Despite the challenges this study will lead to many benefits including providing significant solutions to challenges faced by Middle Eastern countries such as gender inequality and poor education. E. The information gathered can also be used for development in different sectors and overall transformation in Middle East. Introduction In the past few years, numerous research experiences and initiatives have been conducted concerning the importance of digital transformation and the role of cybersecurity in the Middle East. Digital transformation is continuous and is often accompanied by economic development, education innovations, gender equality, and data protection (Roberts, 2020). The Middle East already exhibits a robust digital transformation, with regions such as Qatar, UAE, and Bahrain reaping the fruits of innovation through technological development (Akaey et al., 2017). There is a need for more innovative technological developments such as IoT, Big Data Analytics, virtualization, software-designed defined networking, and machine learning to help in every sector. This paper proposes a prospectus proposal to analyze and promote digital transformation in the Middle East to enhance development in terms of gender inequality, innovation, online learning, and education. I will also incorporate a literature review on technological development in the Middle East, a research plan, research-driven models for technological development, and the anticipated benefits and challenges of the entire project. Literature Review Current literature shows that digital transformation can significantly enhance different sectors in the Middle. According to Al-Baag & Shinawah (2021), almost every Middle Eastern country moves towards e-commerce and digital transformation. With more expansions, these countries may thrive beyond other countries in the world. Digital transformation will provide employment opportunities to disenfranchised youths and women entrepreneurs who have been excluded from the traditional workforce in the Middle East. Gender equality will be achieved as the exponential growth of technology will create opportunities for women to participate in economic development (Hajimirrahimi, Dezfuli & Teimouri, 2019). Technological advancements will enable them to access new markets for exports and imports, which will connect them to innovative women worldwide. It will also help close the skills gap since women will be trained in leadership and business. In another study, Kihombo et al. (2021) articulate that internet-enabled devices, cloud computing, and 3D printing will automate business tasks. The construction and energy sectors will also significantly benefit since 40% of their tasks will be automated. In places like Qatar, Bahrain, and Jordan, digital transformation will help flourish bank sectors through digital applications that will automate data processing, payments, and customer interactions. Akaey et al. (2017) conducted a study on the benefits of technological expansions in the Middle East and found that with digital transformation, Online Learning Environments will be established, and education systems will be enhanced. With digital transformation, people of the middle east can easily access information from Online Learning Environments. This will help improve their civicmindedness, citizen's satisfaction, and political stability. People can also learn a lot about human nature, problems affecting their country, and health. In their study Al-Baag, & Shinawah (2021) purports those technological expansions will enable education sectors to take significant initiatives in offering services to students through the internet due to the flexibility of learning everywhere. Digital transformation will ring Middle East opportunities as well as threats. Cybersecurity risks may arise with digitalization and they must take into consideration effective ways of enhancing securing (Roberts, 2020). Understanding cybersecurity is critical for Middle East countries to avoid breaches. It will be good for them to implement security practices and data protection, including raising awareness. Research Plan This study will examine development in the Middle East through digital transformation. Specifically, it will look into how digital transformation will enhance growth in terms of gender inequality, innovation, online learning, and education. Data will be collected through online surveys, reporting, and case studies. The target population will be random Middle Eastern citizens of 18 years and above selected through SurveyMonkey. The survey will be administered to participants through web links, emails, Facebook, Twitter, and website Popups. We will source data for reporting from newspapers, NGO reports, and website articles. Also, case studies will get accurate and reliable information concerning digital transformation in the Middle East. Anticipated Challenges and Benefits Several challenges are anticipated in conducting this study. One of the challenges is communication challenges. Online communication with participants may be challenging, especially when they are not fully prepared. Also, there is the issue of time management. Pending time to learn skills and implement proactive measures may take much time. Despite the challenges, this study will lead to many benefits, including providing powerful solutions to challenges faced by Middle Eastern countries such as gender inequality and poor education. The information gathered can also be used for development in different sectors and overall transformation in the Middle East. References Akaev, A., Korotayev, A., Issaev, L., & Zinkina, J. (2017). Technological development and protest waves: Arab spring as a trigger of the global phase transition?. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 116, 316-321. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2016.08.009 Al-Baag, Q. M. A., & Shinawah, S. M. (2021). The Impact of Technological Innovation on Improving the Financial Performance of Iraqi Commercial Banks: An Empirical Study. Journal for Administrative and Economic Sciences, 23(1), (2021), DOI.33916/23.1.2021/84-98 Hajimirrahimi, S. D., Dezfuli, A. M., & Teimouri, M. (2019). Determining factors and strategies of establishment and institutionalization of commercialization technological achievements system (the case of Ministry of Agriculture-Jahad's Research and Education Centers). Iranian Agricultural Extension and Education Journal, 15(1). DOI: 10.22034/IAEEJ.2019.93524 Kihombo, S., Ahmed, Z., Chen, S., Adebayo, T. S., & Kirikkaleli, D. (2021). Linking financial development, economic growth, and ecological footprint: what is the role of technological innovation?. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 1(1), 1-11. Roberts, M. H. P. (2020). An urban profile of the Middle East (First Edition). London: Routledge.
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Bridging the Global Digital Divide in Egypt- Outline
I. Abstract
A. This study examined the scope of the digital divide in Egypt, its causes, and its
impacts on development.
B. The study also examined the importance of early consideration of Cyber security
in technology infrastructure enhancement.
C. A qualitative research design was employed and data was collected through
online surveys, case study and literature analysis, and reflective reviews.
D. The study concluded that it is critical for Egypt to bridge the digital divide
through different techniques without disregarding the need for enhancing
Cybersecurity and the use of new technologies.
Chapter One
II. Introduction
A. Bridging the digital divide has been viewed in all discourse flows as of primary
importance and unambiguously positive.
B. With, information and technology alone it is not guaranteed that every individual
will take advantage of and use services on the network .
C. Nonetheless, the main hindrances of digital technology adoption in Egypt are
income.
D. This study will analyze how Egypt can bridge the global digital divide and take
full advantage of the ongoing digital development revolution.
E. It will also highlight the significant factors leading to the global digital divide in
Egypt and the critical strategies that can be taken to address this problem.

III. Background
A. Digital divide results from the knowledge gap between individuals who can
access to new technologies such as the internet, mobile phones and computers,
and those who cannot .
B. Due to this lag in the achievement of sustainable technology, Egypt has become a
subject to many development issues including education challenges, economic
downturn, social problems, environmental degradation, increased immigration,
and conflicts
C. There is still a major gap in research concerning sustainability opportunities and
challenges in the Egypt and technology strategies that can help in the achievement
of sustainable development have not been addressed.
D. To illustrate the statistics of the global digital divide in Egypt, Table 1-1 provides
some facts that will be effective in defining policy perspectives.
E. Even though Egypt experiences a significant development challenge due to the
global digital divide, there is a significant opportunity for the countries to find
critical solutions to achieve technological expansion in the region
IV. Digital Divide in Egypt
A. Generally, the digital divide still exists in many developing countries like Egypt
for certain reasons. However, the government of Egypt does not doubt that it
needs to eliminate this backlash in the aims of competition and taking advantage
of the digital economy and others.
B. The digital divide in Egypt limits the educational opportunities of many people.

C. From looking up information to paying bills to communications, advertising on
social media, doing web searches, and much more the modern economy is based
on high-speed Internet access.
V. Statement of the Problem
A. The global digital divide is a major problem that is currently affecting Egypt. Due
to the divide the country has experienced several economical, environmental,
social, and cultural problems.
B. According to the latest statistics, Egypt is still behind the rest of the countries in
terms of Cybersecurity, broadband connectivity, and general technological
growth.
C. Therefore, there is a need for effective strategies to bridge the digital divide in the
country as well as keep the country on pace with contemporary technological
evolution.
VI. The objective of the Study
A. The core objective of this research is to cultivate an understanding of bridging the
digital divide in Egypt through technological expansion can help in reducing the
challenges and ensure development in the country.
VII.

Research Questions

Main question: How can Egypt bridge the global digital divide and take full advantage of the
ongoing digital development revolution?
Sub questions:
i. What are the causes of the global digital divide in Egypt?

ii. How is Egypt in terms of technological development?
iii. How is the digital divide affecting Egypt in terms of development?
iv. What are the effective strategies that Egypt can use to bridge the global digital divide?
VIII.

Significance of the study
A. This study is critical for Egypt to create with operative plans for solving the
factors that widen the global digital divide.
B. The information can also be used to justify the collective motivational interests
and increased government funding for significant uses such as technological
expansions.

IX. Scope
A. This research explores how Egyptians view the global digital divide and yields
policy implications from data collected with a representative sample of citizens in
the country.
X. Target Groups
A. Researchers
B. Investors of Information and Technology
C. The Ministry of Information and Technology in Egypt
D. Internet Service Providers
E. Nonprofit organizations and Donors
XI. Limitations
A. Online communication with participants can be challenging especially when they
are not fully prepared.
B. Also, there is the issue of time management.

C. Socio-ethnographic research also poses ethical challenges especially in terms of
assessing the socioeconomic status of participants and informed consent.
Chapter 2
I. Literature review
A. According to Shabaan et al the disparities in ICT’s intensity in Egypt are wider
than disparities of the country’s GDP per capita.
B. Considering the direction and miscellany of the digital divide in Egypt, there is a
critical need to conduct in-depth research that covers every resolution facet of the
digital divide including its root cause, state of technology transformation, and its
impacts.
C. This literature review draws from already published peer-reviewed sources that
are relevant to the research project.
II. Causes of the digital divide in Egypt
A. Bad Leadership
B. Geography
C. Ethnic disparities
D. Shaky Financial Systems
E. Contemporary State of Digital transformation in Egypt
F. Effects of Digital Divide in Egypt
III. Bridging the Digital Divide and ensuring Digital Transformation through
Cybersecurity

A. Technologies facilitating safe and secure processing, secure communication, and
exchange and transfer of information leaders to positive impacts on the economy
over time.
B. Cybersecurity has helped in securing communication in
IV. Cyber security strategies that can bridge the digital divide in Egypt
A. Investing in Cyber Security
B. Enhancing the posture of Egypt’s Cybersecurity
C. Building a National Capability
D. Foster Information Collaboration and Sharing
E. Market mechanisms
F. Policy mandate
V. Challenges for bridging the digital divide
A. One of the main challenges of eradicating the digital divide is the absence of
significant resources.
B. Cost is one factor but access and support during the learning process are another.
People who do not have high incomes often lack access and support for the
learning curve.
C. These days almost everyone has a cell phone, but many people in Egypt and other
countries have not learned how to make use of all the features or to be able to
network with others effectively.
VI. Conceptual framework

A. Expanding on previous sections, Labib & Alarabi articulates in their study that the
digital divide is the gap between people who can easily access the new
technologies and those who cannot.
B. The basic example defined using technological terms can be found in Alexey
including the suggestions that the speed of digital transformation can be
considered at the same time as finding a resolution for the digital divide.
C. Concerning Cybersecurity Essien articulates that the first major concern is the
safety of information, and what motivates people to use the new technologies.
VII.

Conceptual Framework
A. The access and adoption of ICT and the level of information literacy among
students are the expected outcomes that directly affect the independent variables.
B. In this case, the independent variables include electronic equipment status in
former schools of students joining universities.
C. Corradini’s research is critical in bringing a sense of how the digital divide
significantly affects different sectors including education.

VIII. Theoretical framework
A. The term digital divide has been misused and widely used in many research
papers.
B. Simply, it is the gap between those who have access to new technologies such as
the internet and ICT and those who do not.
C. There are many reasons why this gap exists including unequal distribution of
resources, poor leadership, and lack of funds.
D. Digital transformation and cyber security are also critical concepts in theory.

E. Digital transformation will ring Egypt's opportunities if the use of cyber security
is considered.
F. Technological advancements will enable them to access new markets for exports
and imports which will connect them to innovative women around the world. It
will also help close the skills gap since women will be trained in leadership and
business.
VII.

Research Gaps
A. There is still a major gap in research concerning sustainability opportunities and
Egypt’s digital divide including the technology strategies such as cybersecurity
that can help in the achievement of sustainable development have not been
addressed.
B. Nonetheless, no country in the MENA has tried to address the issues of
sustainability either in practice or principle and none have responded to
technological development matters with effective cations or creativity.
C. Nonetheless, many studies concerning the digital divide exist. However, most
research conducted in developing countries like Egypt fails to include the social
and ethical concerns as explicit parts of examining the digital divide.

Chapter Three: Methodology
I. Research design
A. In conducting this exploratory research, a qualitative design was selected due to
the capability of describing a sample population that was too large for direct
observation.

B. This was planned to collect applicable, pertinent, and precise data of the identified
independent variables in the conceptual framework.
C. This research was conducted through a qualitative methodological framework that
is consistent with the objective of this research.
II. Study Area and population
A. This research study was a survey targeting ordinary citizens in different parts of
Egypt.
B. While students were selected as frequent users of new technologies, civil servants
were selected to represent the major implementors of solving the issue of the
digital divide.
C. Housewives were also selected to help in recovering the limitation of analysis that
the research had on information majorly from the disadvantaged group likely the
rurally based and the disabled.
III. Data collection methods
A. Survey
i.

The research was being conducted through online surveys distributed to
approximately over 500 individuals of age 18 including students, civil
servants and housewives, and above in Egypt through Survey Monkey.

ii.

Participants received the survey questions through emails, weblinks,
Facebook, website popups, and Twitter.

iii.

The survey questions allowed the respondents to shred their thought and
feeling concerning the new technologies.

iv.

The survey questions also allowed for in-depth data to be gathered costeffectively from a large population...


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