great period of exploration of the oceans began as far back as the early 1400s. It is often said that the adventurers that
took to the open seas were in search of God, Glory, and Gold. With new inventions and technology, the emboldened
explorers risked their lives to pursue fame and fortune.
Some of the
most famous explorers highlighted in European history books include Christopher
Columbus and Ferdinand Magellan. Both
men convinced benefactors of their era to financially back their missions. Columbus was supported by King Ferdinand and
Queen Isabella of Spain in 1492. In
October of the same year, Columbus landed on Watling’s Island in the Bahamas
believing he had discovered a western route to India and China.
a Portuguese sea captain that was commissioned by King Charles I of Spain. He was provided five ships that left for the
Spice Islands in the early part of 1519.
Only one ship completed the voyage in September of 1522. Unfortunately, Ferdinand Magellan did not
survive the journey. He was killed by
natives in April of 1521 on the island of Matane.
technology used by many of the successful European explorers included the
navigator’s compass for identifying direction, and the sextant used to
determine latitude and longitude. These
tools helped explorers to sail across vast oceans with nothing but water
insight for days on end.
these adventures were men of faith that wished to spread their religion to
other foreign parts of the world. This
famous painting exemplifies this social desire. Notice the crosses and the
Christian priest depicted in this painting.
Magellan brought great recognition and resources to the Kings and country of
Spain. They were able to provide future
trade routes for the merchants and majesties to find new valuables as a means
of increased wealth for their home countries in Europe. These men inspired many others to follow
their oceanic paths to God, Glory, and Gold.
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