Social Science Classical Conditioning Biographies & Guiding Questions

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Unit 6 Guiding Questions and Terms Student Guide Page 1| © Edgenuity Inc. Student Guide Section I: Guiding questions These guiding questions reflect the important topics and learning objectives for this unit. Take notes on these topics as you progress through the video and reading lessons in this unit, and then craft thorough responses. Be sure to include specific details, facts, and evidence to support your conclusions. 1. What is learning? 2. How does classical conditioning occur? 3. Does conditioning affect emotions? 4. How does operant conditioning occur? 5. What are the different kinds of operant reinforcement? 6. How are people influenced by patterns of reward? 7. What does punishment do to behavior? 8. What is cognitive learning? 9. Does learning occur by imitation? 10. How does conditioning apply to practical problems? 11. How does biology influence learning? 12. What factors and conditions influence the different kinds of learning? 13. How can the types of learning help people address behavioral problems? Page 2| © Edgenuity Inc. Unit 1 Guiding Questions and Terms Student Guide Section III: Biographies Explain each person’s contribution to the field of psychology. If you are working on a biography book project, you may add these people to your project. If you have questions, ask your teacher for assistance. 1. Albert Bandura 2. John Garcia 3. Ivan Pavlov 4. Robert Rescorla 5. B. F. Skinner 6. Edward Thorndike 7. Edward Tolman 8. John B. Watson Page 3| © Edgenuity Inc.
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Explanation & Answer:
13 Questions
8 Short Biographies
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Student Guide


Name of the student
Name of the lecturer
Course title
Due date

Student Guide


Section 1
Question one
This is the knowledge that one acquires and the skills one gets through being taught,
studying, or even the experience that one has passed through.
Question two
Classical conditioning occurs when a conditioned stimulus is paired with an
unconditioned stimulus. After pairing for a while, the organism exhibits a conditioned response
to the conditioned stimulus when the conditioned stimulus is presented alone.
Question 3
The answer is yes. Classical conditioning is associated with how people or even animals
develop their emotions, and it dictates how we react to different situations. This is the reason
why you might find someone reacting with an old response because two are connected.
Question 4
Actions followed by reinforcement will be strengthened and are more likely to occur
again in the future. The proceeding action is strengthened because a particular behaviour was
observed by support or described outcome.
Question 5
a) Positive reinforcement
b) Negative reinforcement
c) Punishment (Positive punishment)

Student Guide


d) Extinction (Negative punishment)
Question 6
The effectiveness is significantly reduced by delayed reinforcement. However, the long
chains of responses may build up so that single support maintains many answers.
Question 7
Punishing can either have a positive or a negative impact. On the positive side, the person
being punished might reform because they have realised that what they had done is wrong. On
the other hand, it can also make the person defiant and urge to continue making a mistake
Question 8
Knowledge change in which the experience is attributed. For instance, the students might
be asked to reflect on what they h...

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