Urbanization impacts the natural environment. As cities or towns grow developers clear off more of the natural habitat for that area; this impacts the entire ecosystem. When plants are removed to create a parking lot for a grocery store, the animals dependent on those plants decrease, which in turn decreases the number of animals who prey on the plant eaters. In addition pollution from the urbanization (air, noise, waste, farming fertilizer) leads to further deaths; it may interrupt migration patterns.
The biggest challenges of urbanization include how to prevent excessive destruction of the natural environment, while still providing easy accessibility to stores or housing. Controlling the crime rate can be problematic. Less developed areas tend to have a social network that helps regulate this.
Benefits: -easy commute to work, access to medical or food sources that may be cheaper, variety in choices, more options for entertainment ( to prevent younger society members from boredom which can lead to crime).
Cons: environmental impact, consequences of destroying the environment (soil erosion, inadequate water supply (especially in dry areas not ment to support large human populations), pollution which can impact human health and food supply(over fertilization of plants). Easy access to drugs, alcohol. More opportunities to commit crimes. Social network often missing or limited in how it can help members of the community.
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